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(en) Motion of the Federal Coordination of Alternative Libertaire AL of October 2015 On the law of "fight against the prostitution system". (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Tue, 12 Jan 2016 12:22:40 +0200

On the issue of prostitution, Alternative Libertaire is clearly abolitionist, as it has again reminded the feminist text adopted at its congress in May 2015. ---- Today, the evolution of the legislative context, which tends towards a prohibition of "resort to buying sex acts" drives us to clarify our educational position of men in gender-sensitive reporting. ---- Changing legislative context ---- The June 12, 2015, the bill to "fight against the prostitution system" was passed at second reading by the National Assembly. ---- The parliamentary shuttle lasted more than eighteen months, because of significant differences of opinion. The Assembly would prohibit "use the purchase of sexual acts" and repeal the crime of solicitation; conversely, the Senate wanted to preserve the tranquility of johns and maintain hunting prostitutes.

The Assembly has prevailed, and the law should be adopted before the end of 2015. As usual, the implementing decrees will wait probably still a year or two and decide the true scope of the law .

The main points of the law

The law includes "information about the realities of prostitution and the dangers of the commodification of the body" in the education program for gender equality from the college. There, it seems important to point out that capitalism imposes the commodification of the body of workers / Artists as a whole. The terms of the law are therefore not accurate. It would be better to talk about the commodification of the body as a worker and commodification of sexuality as a prostitute.

It provides for measures to aid the exit of prostitution, including by guaranteeing securities of temporary residence to those who start rehabilitation proceedings with recognized associations - which requires budgetary allocations which, in times of austerity, are unlikely.

It abolished the odious "crime of passive soliciting" introduced in 2003 by the Internal Security Act (LSI) wanted by Nicolas Sarkozy. This offense, punishable by two months' imprisonment and a fine of 3,750 euros, was delinquent prostitutes and encouraged police persecution against them, with the blessing of governments seeking to make them invisible.
It stresses the responsibility of "clients" in the existence of the prostitution system, by imposing prohibits "use the purchase of sexual acts." The men caught in the act will be fined and will have to follow a "awareness course ".

What to think?

The violation incurred (1,500 euros maximum) is highly questionable for two reasons. First, it is unequal: trivial for a DSK, very high for others. Second, the amount is incongruous in view of the scale of fines [1].

The law does not say what will happen the "awareness training". According to the means used, it may be a vain civic moral lesson or a real educational process. Abroad, the United States and Sweden, for example, it has been successful when it has been entrusted to survivors of prostitution who undertake to reveal the sordid backdrop of a supposedly libertine [ 2].

Most important however, is the symbolic value of the forbidden, the blow that door patriarchy, both in its traditional version in its liberal version, by repealing the "freedom" of others to monetize sexuality. In countries such as Sweden, Norway or Iceland, where this forbidden to consume prostitution was established, it has had positive effects:

In terms of the mass of forced prostitutes (in France, 85% of the workforce [3]), it has discouraged the "market" and has driven investors - trafficking networks, pimps, brothel keepers and hotels password - which is mechanically driven down the number of women "upright" (kidnapped and raped in "training house") to be placed on the sidewalk or in the window [4].

As for the small number of independent prostitutes (in France, 15% of the workforce), it has certainly dried up much of the clientele but by placing the clients experiencing guilt and insecurity, it has strengthened the position prostitutes merchant in the report and, in some cases, raised prices of the passes [5].

It thinks that Alternative Libertaire

This bill could have positive aspects on two points:

for the positive impact that the ban could have on the mentality of men;
to the negative impact it can have on the business of trafficking networks.
However, whatever the speech of PS government, its austerity policy develops unemployment and job insecurity, worsening poverty, undermining social protection, and is therefore succeed the prostitution market. While its closed border policy has the same effect by nourishing hiding in immigration.

That is why this law will be powerless to abolish the system of prostitution itself.

To do this will require firstly reducing poverty through collective struggles to ensure:

the right to housing;
the right to an income for everyone (even if that access to the RSA for the under 25 years);
freedom of movement of migrant.es (which, because of the forced underground, are an ideal prey for pimps);
educating men and women to gender-sensitive reporting in an empowerment perspective by women. (education which helps to monetize the forbidden sexuality of others);
support to associations accompanying persons wishing to leave prostitution.
[1] For comparison: the abandonment of a wreck vehicle is also liable to a fine of 1,500 euros; sound aggression to disturb the tranquility of others is itself punishable by a year in prison and 15,000 euros fine.

[2] "Norma Hotaling, initiator of an awareness program" clients "of prostitution in the United States," in Prostitution and Society in June 1999.

[3] Richard Poulin (eds.), Prostitution, embodied globalization Syllepse, 2005, p. 18.

[4] Claudine Legardinier and Said Bouamama, Customers prostitution. The Survey, Presses de la Renaissance, 2006.

[5] Doan Bui, "Prostitution: Stockholm, the city where the customer is invisible," L'Observateur, 1 December 2013.

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