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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #256 (Dec) - Kurdistan: YPG have they committed war crimes? (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]
Sun, 10 Jan 2016 09:54:05 +0200
The Amnesty International report accusing the Kurdish militia abuses in Tal-Abyad region
interviewed support the Kurdish left, including AL. This required an examination. ----
During October, an Amnesty International report has made some noise in the movement of
solidarity with Kurdistan, accusing them of YPG "war crimes". YPG is the militia of the
Kurdish left Syria rejected the Islamic State during the siege of Ayn al-Arab, which
defends the Rojava it Rojava venue of a revolutionary process based on self-management,
the gender equality and freedom for all ethnic and religious groups (Arabs, Kurds,
Turkmen, Assyrian-Chaldeans, Armenians, Yazidis...). Alternative Libertaire is engaged in
critical support to the Kurdish left, which supposes to remain vigilant. Suffice to say
that the charges Amnesty International deserved close scrutiny.
This NGO is independent effect. Its reports on human rights spare neither Turkey nor
France, nor the United States nor Russia... One of his teams investigated in Tal-Abyad
region in summer 2015. The report is well documented (testimonies, photos, videos), and
establishes that the inhabitants and the inhabitants of ten Arab villages in the Tal-Abyad
region were moved es force, and their homes destroyed by the YPG [1 ]. However, Amnesty
concludes, "any forced displacement in the absence of a military imperative is a violation
of international humanitarian law".
Obviously, it is far massacres, rapes and looting that the term "war crime" could leave
imagine, and light years of atrocities Daech. A British volunteer for YPG, Macer Gifford,
immediately published an open letter to the NGO to be indignant .
From the water to the mill of the Ankara regime
However, without denying the facts, the command of YPG responded. Yes, there was indeed a
"military necessity" due to the proximity of the front line: the villagers had to move
either to their own safety, or because they were collaborating with Daech and it was
dangerous to keep them on his rear.
The report also brought water to the mill of the Ankara regime, which claims that Kurdish
militias are of ethnic cleansing in Syria. In these calumnies - refuted by the Syrian
Observatory for Human Rights  - a commander of YPG, Sipan Hemo, replied that they are
fighting today in about 30% of Arab militia  which guarantees self against possible
abuses revanchist ..
The allegations are proven to YPG, but seem so decontextualized. They are certainly not
such as to call into question a largely justified support.
The Tal-Abyad area is particularly strategic: by capturing the city in June 2015, YPG
ensured the junction of two Kurdish cantons Kobanî and Cizîrê. They also cut the main road
of trafficking Daech to Turkey, and now threaten Raqqa, the capital of the caliphate.
Guillaume Davranche (AL Montreuil)
 "Syria:" We had nowhere to go '. Forced demolitions and displacement in Northern Syria
", Report of October 12, 2015.
 "Open Letter to Amnesty UK From YPG Volunteer" Kurdishquestion.com, October 14, 2015.
 "Interview with Rami Abdulrahman of SOHR", Kurdishquestion.com, July 2, 2015.
 "YPG General Commander Hemo is Syrian Democratic Force, US Weapons & Amnesty Report",
Civiroglu.net, October 16, 2015.
 In the 1960s, the Syrian Arab Kurdistan has undergone a settlement policy leading to
dispossession of land and a discrimination system.
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