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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #256 (Dec) - Kurdistan: YPG have they committed war crimes? (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Sun, 10 Jan 2016 09:54:05 +0200

The Amnesty International report accusing the Kurdish militia abuses in Tal-Abyad region interviewed support the Kurdish left, including AL. This required an examination. ---- During October, an Amnesty International report has made some noise in the movement of solidarity with Kurdistan, accusing them of YPG "war crimes". YPG is the militia of the Kurdish left Syria rejected the Islamic State during the siege of Ayn al-Arab, which defends the Rojava it Rojava venue of a revolutionary process based on self-management, the gender equality and freedom for all ethnic and religious groups (Arabs, Kurds, Turkmen, Assyrian-Chaldeans, Armenians, Yazidis...). Alternative Libertaire is engaged in critical support to the Kurdish left, which supposes to remain vigilant. Suffice to say that the charges Amnesty International deserved close scrutiny.

This NGO is independent effect. Its reports on human rights spare neither Turkey nor France, nor the United States nor Russia... One of his teams investigated in Tal-Abyad region in summer 2015. The report is well documented (testimonies, photos, videos), and establishes that the inhabitants and the inhabitants of ten Arab villages in the Tal-Abyad region were moved es force, and their homes destroyed by the YPG [1 ]. However, Amnesty concludes, "any forced displacement in the absence of a military imperative is a violation of international humanitarian law".

Obviously, it is far massacres, rapes and looting that the term "war crime" could leave imagine, and light years of atrocities Daech. A British volunteer for YPG, Macer Gifford, immediately published an open letter to the NGO to be indignant [2].

From the water to the mill of the Ankara regime

However, without denying the facts, the command of YPG responded. Yes, there was indeed a "military necessity" due to the proximity of the front line: the villagers had to move either to their own safety, or because they were collaborating with Daech and it was dangerous to keep them on his rear.

The report also brought water to the mill of the Ankara regime, which claims that Kurdish militias are of ethnic cleansing in Syria. In these calumnies - refuted by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights [3] - a commander of YPG, Sipan Hemo, replied that they are fighting today in about 30% of Arab militia [4] which guarantees self against possible abuses revanchist [5]..

The allegations are proven to YPG, but seem so decontextualized. They are certainly not such as to call into question a largely justified support.

The Tal-Abyad area is particularly strategic: by capturing the city in June 2015, YPG ensured the junction of two Kurdish cantons Kobanî and Cizîrê. They also cut the main road of trafficking Daech to Turkey, and now threaten Raqqa, the capital of the caliphate.

Guillaume Davranche (AL Montreuil)

[1] "Syria:" We had nowhere to go '. Forced demolitions and displacement in Northern Syria ", Report of October 12, 2015.

[2] "Open Letter to Amnesty UK From YPG Volunteer" Kurdishquestion.com, October 14, 2015.

[3] "Interview with Rami Abdulrahman of SOHR", Kurdishquestion.com, July 2, 2015.

[4] "YPG General Commander Hemo is Syrian Democratic Force, US Weapons & Amnesty Report", Civiroglu.net, October 16, 2015.

[5] In the 1960s, the Syrian Arab Kurdistan has undergone a settlement policy leading to dispossession of land and a discrimination system.

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