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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #235 - Police checks: Offense facies, denial of promise (fr, pt) [machine translation]

Date Tue, 25 Feb 2014 11:07:15 +0200

Among the promises of Holland, one of which was to set up a receipt for identity check. But like other, since it has been stored. A group mobilizes to stop the unfair practices of the state. ---- With the promise of the receipt of identity checks, the idea was that the police officer that controls a person to produce an official document indicating the date, time and reason for the check, the name of the officer and ethnicity and / or nationality of the person being checked. A few weeks after the presidential election, Ayrault announced the imminent introduction of the famous receipt. ---- Unfulfilled promise ---- But in September of the same year Valls bury the proposal, claiming placement too complicated, cumbersome administrative procedures and the risk of seeing fake receipts. Sure, from this perspective, the project appears to be impossible to implement. As the saying goes, " the bad workman always bad tools. "

A study conducted in Paris by the Open Society Justice and two researchers from the CNRS in 2007, shows that identity checks are based on the appearance of individuals. Data on the origin, age, sex, dress style, the type of bags worn were collected over five hundred controls at five locations (in and around the Gare du Nord and Châtelet -Les Halles). The results are unfortunately no surprise. People perceived as "Arabs" were between 1.8 and 14.8 times more likely to be stopped than whites. For people perceived black is between 3.3 and 11.5 times more. The dress style also has a strong influence on the behavior of police officers. People with a "young urban" style, although they represent only 10% controllable, appeared in 47% of controls identified.

Target Testing

Four years later the Collective against ethnic profiling [ 1 ] composed of different associations born. His approach is to show that the system has in raising awareness about abusive controls and promoting reform of the law that frames. According to Article 78.2 of the Code of Criminal Procedure a police officer can control a person if he considers that he has committed or attempted to commit an offense, is preparing to commit a felony or a misdemeanor; been research court. Also at the request of the prosecutor, as part of an investigation into a specific offense but in places and times determined by the requisition. Also according to this article, any person, regardless of their behavior can be controlled in a "preventive" to ensure public order but again only in times and places determined by a judicial authority. Controls "routine" are outlawed. In early October, thirteen plaintiffs claiming to be victims of ethnic profiling and had filed a complaint against the state were rejected by the tribunal de grande instance of Paris. What seems incredible is that according to justice, it is the plaintiffs to prove that the control was discriminatory, and that even if that were the case it would not be serious enough to engage the responsibility of the State. It is time that the snake keeps biting the tail and it must militate again and again for the receipt of identity check.

Greg (AL Seine-Saint-Denis)

[ 1 ] See stoplecontroleaufacies.fr
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