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(en) France, Alternative Libertair #219 - Major rail projects for a few minutes less (fr) [machine translation]

Date Thu, 18 Oct 2012 08:50:04 +0200


On 30 March 2012, the Department of Transport approved the route of 417 km of new high speed lines provided between Bordeaux and Toulouse and from Bordeaux and Spain. These new grooves endanger thousands of hectares of natural habitats and farmland. ---- According to the Réseau Ferré de France (RFF), the proposed high-speed line (HSL) Bordeaux-Toulouse has a dual purpose: to ensure the high-speed service between Paris and Toulouse in about three hours and thirty words allow to connect the Atlantic to the Mediterranean, from Bordeaux to Nice. ---- The section meets Bordeaux Spain meanwhile at the request of the European Union to achieve a high-speed rail line between Spain and northern Africa. If the Regional Councils of Aquitaine and Midi-Pyrenees alliances led by PS / EELV, are strong advocates of Major Rail Projects Southwest (GPSO), a network of associations opposed.

The SEPANSO, regional federation of associations for the protection of the nature of Aquitaine, denounces the environmental damage: "The opening of these new bleeding outside the existing transit corridors would result in the sterilization of thousands of hectares of natural environment, forest and agricultural land, coupled with sustainable land fragmentation through [...]. 155 sites with high ecological issues, including 12 Natura 2000 sites may be affected "[1].

Sterilization of natural
SEPANSO also challenges the transport management "Aquitaine, especially the Bordeaux region, one is overwhelmed by heavy traffic on North-South transit, growing, with many nuisance and that seems more bearable. Priority for Aquitaine, is the control of the traffic of goods, including a modal shift from road to rail. However, the draft LGV Bordeaux-Toulouse, mainly for passenger traffic, does not respond to the problem Aquitains uncontrolled development of this heavy traffic. Worse, it would divert significant financial and natural resources. "

As the Union of Aquitaine regional CGT, it denies the financing of the project: "The three branches LGV are called to be funded through a" Public-Private Partnership, "(PPP) where the majority of funding and risk would be public while the margins generated by the operation of the facility would be deprived of [...].

Uncertainties concerning the new financial and institutional disengagement unprecedented state and the European Community on this project and the logic of deregulation that underlies the choice of PPP and concession, the CGT group think not appropriate for the Region Aquitaine subscribe to LGV project "[2].

Alternatives exist
But it is funding this project could fail. A study on the initiative of ALTernative LGV coordination elected Lot-et-Garonne, compared to the Bordeaux-Toulouse branch GPSO renovation project of the current line and the new proposed RFF LGV. Several elements are largely in favor of the renovation. Firstly, 175 hectares of agricultural land frozen in Lot-et-Garonne against 2700 hectares for the new line. Then three times less energy than a TGV at 220 km / h on a road with a refurbished TGV on LGV 360 km / h. Finally, a cost difference clear: $ 2.7 billion for the renovation project against 10 billion for the new line. All this for a time difference between Bordeaux and Toulouse evaluated between 17 and 6 minutes. It does not matter, RFF header! Mobilization on the ground is assumed by associations created for this occasion. Include the Very Large Association Vigilance Albret, coordinated with other similar associations in the Coordination 47. Collective or associations of environmental protection (Cade) that embodies the fight against LGV in the Basque Country. Multiplication of public meetings, important events, including small towns, demonstrations outside territorial assemblies ...

Mobilizing local shows both the hostility of the inhabitants and residents and the determination of the opposition, the latter having launched multiple legal remedies against the backrest. While all local authorities are expected to contribute to funding, some of them - the General Councils of the Gers and Lot-et-Garonne, "worked the body" - refuse to pay now.

Several associations mobilized
Libertarian Alternative to the question is that of the development model. The real issues are obvious GPSO project: develop a railway network between major European cities, at the expense of land designed based on the needs of local populations. No matter that most people transport takes place in everyday life, on relatively short distances, under conditions that continue to deteriorate.

Single account which means capitalist development of international transport. All potential funding is mobilized for these huge infrastructures, offering immense opportunities to move profits to Bouygues and consort ...

Many local officials, sensitive to the revolt of their citizens, taking a stand against the LGV. But the political right equipment, such as PS are unanimous in defending the interests of multinationals. As for EELV, stuck in the defense of his party interests, it swings to the wind every speech on nuclear Notre-Dame-des-Landes, on the new LGV morocco ... for some ministries.

Development model irrational
In 1880, Paul Lafargue launched its slogan "work two hours a day." Hundred and thirty years later, with the explosion of productivity, we are able to capitalists impose heavy work days for some and exclusion for others ... making us perform tasks without social interest! It is totally irrational to try to gain an hour to get from Toulouse to Paris when it translates into work without social utility by a destruction of the environment and when the real justification for the project is the pursuit of profit. It is time to change course, to guide the development towards meeting the real needs of the population.

GPSO on the draft, the next important step will be the launch of the public inquiry end of the first half of 2013. Mobilization on the ground, organized by the network of associations, is the key element to derail this project.

Jacques Dubart (AL Agen)

[1] www.sepanso.org

[2] www.cgt-aquitaine.com
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