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(en) Anarkismo.net: Paraguay and the parliamentary coup in the eyes of anarchists (ca, it) [machine translation]

Date Mon, 16 Jul 2012 12:22:06 +0300


We set the resistance and the appropriate response at the time, as this allows self-manage the fights, autonomise response to conflict, asamblearizar analysis and decision making for resistance and, through them, breaking the mark of the Colorado political culture ie break the political practices of patronage, dependency and sale of offices. A serious resistance will make fundamental changes in political culture and social Paraguay, breaking with custom functional oligarchical domination that affect us today. ---- Who take seriously the resistance are hampered by timid sector and focused on the left electoral calculation, which assumes verbal resistance, but practically immobilized. ---- Since assuming the Lugo government in August 2008 this process of change has resulted, among other things, in a calm social unrest, reduced social mobilization, increase the profits of financial and real estate speculators and multinationals of agribusiness, and a sustained policy of criminalization of social movements in struggle, going so far as to militarize some areas of the country, with the excuse of the emergence of a "guerrilla" who kidnapped a cattleman.

However, the Lugo administration involved a change in the political dynamics of the country and via the executive came to strengthen a new player in the political arena: the progressive left. This left-liberalism managed to increase its links with the popular sectors through program management and social and cultural projects, which gave a visibility concern to the two traditional parties (both right: the liberal and red) of the forthcoming elections (2013). Particularly worrying for the Liberal Party as an interesting part of the leadership base and a half, established an alliance with the progressive left.

The threat of impeachment as a tool to get Lugo's exercise of executive power was constant since the early days of President Lugo, while the government tried to combat this threat, in general, two ways: control social unrest and expand the right governing coalition, incorporating parts of the Colorado party government, social control was through the classic mechanisms of progressive governments use: combination of negotiation and co-optation to repression intensive. The presence in managerial and executive decision in leftist activists and leaders, and leaders of NGOs, the government allowed to hold a fluid exchange of views with the social movements and organizations, make them part of the project management and provide them resources to carry out initiatives and proposals in the social sphere, while in areas of health and other social areas, massively joined leaders or social partners, strengthening the link with grassroots organizations. Repression took two main ways: one, indirectly, it was through political parties called left or progressive systematically around their bases and not to criticize and not interfere with mobilization "process" and the second route, directly, was criminalize the social movements that appear more "radical", linking the alleged "terrorist" named EPP, a sort of guerrilla emerged in the north of the country, with origins and development is not very clear, very well used to justify a harsh crackdown on peasant movements in the area.

The combination of both factors caused a stagnation of the social movements that lasted all was Lugo.

Moreover, red prebendal culture as a form of politics was not successfully fought by the left and the progressives in power. With few exceptions, corrupt practices and the Colorado prebendarias on which settled its relations election, were reproduced by the left in power, some of these practices being leaked to the press right who used it to label the left of corrupt in an effort to wash your face right, so far the quintessential representative of corruption. So much so that even the practice of herding (bring crowds to rallies and demonstrations in exchange for some monetary compensation or food) were also used by the left.

At this stage, given the slaughter of Curuguaty (Friday June 15, 2012) in which 11 peasants and 6 policemen were killed in a shootout initiated by the police. The police deaths, according to witness statements peasants, were due to "friendly fire", all but one. The killing was exploited by the right-wing press (almost alone in the country) to blame the farmers, calling them murderers, criminals and terrorists, this without having done any research, moderately serious about the facts.

The left fell into a stupor, the government only accepted the police version (functional media strategy the right to criminalize farmers fighting for land) and peasant movements took the initiative and act in solidarity in the field to help to the landless peasants who were being persecuted, repressed and imprisoned in the area.

Since then, there was a strain on the left who wanted to move between sectors in solidarity with the peasants killed (including police, children of farmers) and to stop the attack of the press toward criminalizing peasants fighting for land. This immobility, originating in the political calculus and the (logical) fear that infused the press, allowed that there was no immediate response to the media siege against the peasant movement, specifically less organic sector of the landless, the National League camp assistants.

In this scenario, we focus on anarchists actually show solidarity through social mobilization in response to attack by the press and the right and break the fear that reigned in the environment. Some achievements we had in that way, despite the pressures that left some part of the militancy exercised to not leave the role of spectators of events. Just 4 days after the killing, a Monday, we perform the first act of solidarity in the city of Asunción, mobilizing and unifying spirit. Unit because it corresponded, for links and participation, the Marxist left active part in solidarity and mobilizing because we knew that the cost of inaction would always be higher for people who immobility not give us any security in the right prejudiced conviction and repressive.

Then came the parliamentary coup. This situation was very complex anarchists raised, while we did not want it confused with support for the government of Lugo. Our approach was the same as for the Massacre of Curuguaty: solidarity and mobilization. We saw that the only way to stop the advance of the right (and violence on the poor and popular in the country) was mobilized and out into the streets and there is no better known as the example, we were in the square of Congress from the first moment of the impeachment of Lugo. During the two days of the trial remained in the square, trying to help deploy creativity, action steps and take care thinking of resistance is time.

Even at this critical time, much of the left did not quite measure up, spreading rumors, intranquilizando lxs protesters, trying to control lxs opinions and giving speeches as erratic cope. So much so that when the time of closing the trial, with the conviction of Lugo, the police attacked people strongly mobilized. So bad was the preparation and care to the people that people escaped from the tear gas and rubber bullets in a stampede, risking your own life and others. No preventive measures were taken where appropriate and circulating information was dispersed and controlled, thus giving strength to the rumors. Betting every effort to sustain the myth Lugo, the leftist leaders present at the Congress Square, late the night of impeachment planted the hope that Lugo would come to stand there by the Paraguayan people. But Lugo stepped down as president on television and in the street people heard the radio broadcast. The disappointment was that three seats that had been delayed a day and half full, be emptied in less than an hour.

The feeling of defeat on the left was such that the next day many people who arrived at dawn to the square, to resist, he found a picture that made them mourn: the absolute abandonment.

On Saturday, first day of the coup government resulted in a struggle against the fence self-managed communication. Undertaken by members of the media, both TV and radio public resistance came true in the public TV, located in downtown Asuncion. A dozen people began to resistance and the call to support and be part of the fight was done through text messages and cell phone calls. In an hour I could count about 300 people so far who started the open mic program, threatened with censure from the night before. That first moment of struggle, with the microphone amplifying the words of resistance to whoever wanted, was really a perfect work of resistance and self-management. We were modest part of that and so we are proud of modesty. Subsequently, given the magnitude that was taking the resistance in the public tv, political parties tried to prosecute, control and direct this action. It deployed a "security group" acted aggressively as internal police. It also tried to control the expression and what people say, banning assemblies in that place (which had started as an open meeting and autoconvocada) and posters or written to depart from the slogans stipulated as prudent. At the same time gave strength to the slogans and the same figure luguistas Lugo.

The resistance effort was intended to be directed to the left, which extended the front guasu (wide) to the right linking the coup dissidents and liberal parties colorado, while trying to take a broader social base, calling also to organizations This social extension, now called Front for the Defense of Democracy. Since the formation of this front, everything was attempting to centralize and control the expression of people in what was the block of public TV. Just in the middle of next week is that the fighting could spill over the block, starting rallies in the country and city. Intermittent protests mass meetings in general.

An interesting aspect is that the resistance given by the FDD and the former government luguista called "peaceful" or civil disobedience. In practicality this resistance is reduced to a half-mobilization at all times where you try not to bother anyone to not be labeled as "violent" with which the actions (or rather inactions) of the FDD and former cabinet Lugo have become functional standardization and reassurance that the coup government wants to impose, in full agree facet of economic laws and decisions that favor, further, to the transnational corporations and speculative capitalism. The speech nonviolent civil disobedience and then appears meaningless and wrong in their purpose: no real resistance as social conflict assumes no loaded in the coup parliamentary and does not use the conflict to strip the bottom and against the people repressor the coup government. Prima today the electoral calculation.

We set the resistance and the appropriate response at the time, as this allows self-manage the fights, autonomise response to conflict, asamblearizar analysis and decision making for resistance and, through them, breaking the mark of the Colorado political culture ie break the political practices of patronage, dependency and sale of offices. A serious resistance will make fundamental changes in political culture and social Paraguay, breaking with custom functional oligarchical domination that affect us today.

Who take seriously the resistance are hampered by timid sector and focused on the left electoral calculation, which assumes verbal resistance, but in practice immobilized or mobilized only in terms of raising figures and candidates in secret, even at the cost the disrepute into which are falling.
Affinity Group "The Street"


Asuncion, 03/07/2012

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Paraguay, Honduras another in the making? Fionuala Cregan Interview with José Antonio Gutiérrez D. http://www.anarkismo.net/article/23360
The Mirage Paraguayan Raúl Zibechi http://www.anarkismo.net/article/23280
Lugo, EU and Carlos Fazio imperial web http://www.anarkismo.net/article/23244
Paraguay, a long-planned coup Pablo Stefanoni http://www.anarkismo.net/article/2323
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