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(en) Colombia, Libertarian Perspective Bulletin No. 4 - May 2012 - The entry into force of the FTA with the U.S. (ca) [machine translation]

Date Sat, 30 Jun 2012 11:08:48 +0300


A balance sheet ---- On May 15 marked the period of one month for the entry into force of the FTA between Colombia and the United States announced at the close of the Sixth Summit of the Americas by President Barack Obama. The implementation of the same, the magnitude of their impacts on different aspects of the production structure, will be crucial to setting the draft country's future. ---- The negotiation and signing of this treaty, rather than leading to the generation of wealth and welfare for the peoples of both nations, was set in an act of submission by Colombia, another one that perpetuates the shameful chain of historical events that for more than a century makes the country a true 'lackey of the empire'.

What this also points to this treaty are the lines of continuity of the national project of the elite Colombian reprimarization doomed to the economy, the deepening of the extractive logic and the primacy of export-oriented production; model in favored are the only large and medium entrepreneurs, whose formulation meets more than two decades in the country, but also is part of the historic plunder our land. So. Thus, disputes between factions of the ruling class, condensed in the repeated clashes and misunderstandings between Santos and Uribe are only distracting element for understanding the structural picture of what the Colombian oligarchy thinks about the future of Colombia, its actors, objectives and beneficiaries.

Of particular concern are the consequences can be foreseen for the field, "the field in which all the violence in Colombia." While the United States "maintained its policy of protection and stabilization to agriculture through the production domestic support" Colombia agreed to dismantle its main agricultural policy instruments (the Andean Price Band Mechanism and Contingent Public Administration) and so allowed the deregulation of prices of sensitive products for the peasantry. Consequently, as of Tuesday May 15 began arriving in Colombia containers and containers loaded with thousands of tons of tomatoes, onions, corn, wheat, beans, peas, sorghum, soybeans, among other foods that form the basic diet 90% of the population, that in Colombia we can, but we have to produce for ourselves to grow fuel and razing lands in search of the 'Golden Legend'.

Similarly, there is no mechanism in the treaty that prevents the other party, and protect Colombia-increasing levels of domestic support given to agricultural products, or to convert the "mechanisms of protection of the border '(tariffs) in higher subsidies for the production of goods whose marketing could actually benefit Colombia (snuff, milk, meat). In this sense, the United States excluded from the program of liberalization of prices some products of interest to Colombia as sugar, while there was no exclusion allowed for our country. Finally, we were so brazen required the adoption of a 'non-reciprocal preference clause' under which Colombia will unilaterally grant to the United States "any additional preference to those provided in the FTA with any country that agrees with the agreements that lock business since February 2006. "

Massive imports of agricultural products arrive in Colombia as a result of the above represent a serious threat to the livelihood of rural production in the country, especially those headed by the peasantry, since an important part of the food produced "can not compete "with the low prices of those from the north. It is estimated that approximately 41% of the peasantry suffer impacts between 40% and 100% in the growing area, 28% of them showing a loss of between 48.5% and 70.2% of their income, while the remaining 13% will be subject to detriments in income of at least 25%.

This is framed in the context of dispute over control of rural areas encouraged by the advance of the 'locomotives' energy mining and agribusiness. Locomotives whose consolidation is heir to the organic links between political elites, economic and social regional, national business and foreign capital, with the paramilitary unit that works across the country. Locomotives in this sense responsible for the forced displacement of more than 10% of the Colombian people, the "counter" land to which we have witnessed over the past three decades, driven through the violent dispossession of land, and also responsible for setting up a humanitarian crisis that is unmatched in the Western Hemisphere.

The predictable failure of much of the Colombian countryside confronts us then to a sharpening of the rhythms of rural-urban migration forced the growth of slums in urban areas and the rise of the concentration of land in the hands of " entrepreneurs "of agrofuels, extraction of natural resources of our soil, and monocultures, all for export. So, it is inevitable that increased levels of forced displacement, now for economic reasons, as also the growth of coca cultivation likely to attend the peasantry to subsist. Ultimately, a deepening of the precarious and disgraceful living conditions of the Colombian people, and in this way, a sharpening of the tensions that mediate unequal and violently unequal balance of power between actors in the country.

Still earlier, so the current rogue government representatives boast about the supposed benefits that the treaty would involve trying to sweeten the ear Colombia with promises that are not be more than trinkets own from a seller of illusions. Thus, Santos said "These agreements should be seen as a threat rather than an opportunity, have the largest market for the free world is to take advantage of our exporters, particularly small and medium industry and for those who have never exported because now I can do. (...) When one takes stock of winners and losers are the winners and in spades. For the losers are going to help and is a great opportunity to generate employment. Economists say economic growth increases from 0.5 to 1% and generating 100,000 jobs a year of good quality. " He has dared even the Minister of Foreign Trade to promise the creation of between 200 thousand and 500 thousand new jobs over the next five years, when the United States, one of the largest economies in the world multiplied by more than two digits Colombian GDP - only 7000 new jobs forecast based on exports of $ 1,100 million annually to Colombia, while the latter in the best case scenario will export $ 487 million a year.

It has been argued with much fanfare that the treaty failed to get to Colombia zero tariffs in the U.S. market for certain products, what we have wanted to tell you is that these benefits existed and were implemented several years ago under the ATPDEA as a result policy support 'alternative development' in the context of the war on drugs imposed by the United States. Even the FTA reverse some conditions favorable to Colombia while the treaty intensifies the demands of SPS type for Colombian products and in that sense "excludes the U.S. market."

Speaking of good expectations, it seems necessary to remind the Colombian government the experiences of other Latin American countries that have hampered such agreements with the northern power. Under the agreement between Central America and the U.S., while exports from Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador grew by 1.4%, U.S. flooded their countries of cheap exports increasing 18% to them. The disintegration of the Mexican agricultural sector and the massive bankruptcy of small farmers in this country leaves a balance of two decades of roughing implemented the free trade agreement between the United States, Canada and Mexico, which, despite all expectations and promises generated, economic growth has remained well below the Latin American average.

This treaty will force us to encarnizarnos in the way of competition, drive for which the past governments have defined specific strategies in the period known as mining locomotives Santos, agribusiness and infrastructure; initiatives will necessarily compete for territorial control of those activities not configured from the logic of productivity and capital accumulation; territory that the FTA was previously responsible for emptying through bankruptcy doomed to subsistence economies and livelihoods. But not to worry, they say, given that the peasantry may be associated with the business of agriculture to cultivate what they supposedly Colombia has competitive advantages (agrofuels), it is not nothing but a pawn of the actors become the spoil, in usurped land estates avocadas to planting palm and other agro-industrial crops.

The dispute over the control and the vocation of the territory from now threatens the sovereignty, security and food self-sufficiency in the country and in this way close the closed boundaries of self-determination that still has the Colombian people. What is at stake then is not only redefining the country's productive structure, or the population's food options, the FTA stands starkly present the dispute over the kind of country and society to Colombia, where Popular subjects are unknown and unknown systematically by representatives of the establishment through the unilateral imposition of hegemonic enterprise disguised in a veil of consensus typical of representative logic provided by the pipe dream of liberal democracy.

From: http://www.anarkismo.net/article/23268
Related Link: http://www.cilep.net/perspectiva%20libertaria%20express4.pdf
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