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(en) France, Alternative libertarian, #210 - The last of the old Algerian anarchism Valéro Leander is gone (fr) [machine translation]

Date Tue, 15 Nov 2011 10:03:33 +0200

One of the last known militants of the anarchist movement in North Africa (MLNA) of 1950 Valero Leander, died Aug. 21 at Auxerre. ---- The son of an Andalusian anarchist, Leander was born in Oran, Algeria, on 12 in October 1923. He had multiple origins for these to be both Hispanic, Arabic and French. ---- While his father had fought in the ranks of the ISP during the war Spain, Leander began during the Second World War, in the military Free French, participating in several campaigns and the release of some concentration camps. Against his will, he was then sent as a soldier in Indochina in January 1946. There he did not hesitate to help discreetly Vietminh, organizing traffic in stolen gasoline stocks in the army French. Identified as an element "demoralizing," he was sent to France in August 1946.

Arriving in Paris, he joined the Anarchist Federation, while booming. The young
Standing who had received for the first time on the premises of 145, quai de
Valmy was none other than Georges Brassens. Party then to Auxerre in the Yonne, the
worked as a fitter-toolmaker institutions Gardy, where he got a
CNT important section. Close to George Fontenis, Valero remained militant
the anarchist organization when it turned into Communist Federation
libertarian (FCL).

In August 1954, he accepted, at the request of the FCL, to move to Algeria
strengthen its sister organization across the Mediterranean, the Libertarian Movement
North African (MLNA).

Hired as a laborer establishments in Algiers Henri Hamel, Leander militated
with comrades MLNA including Duteuil docker, Fernand and Doukhan Derbal

The MLNA gave various raids to the independence movement of Messali Hajj.
After the insurrection of Toussaint 1954, it had even become its activity
Central. Leander served as Valero "mailbox" or multi-driver
times for responsible independence, while continuing in parallel
libertarian propaganda. Not without risks. The sales at auction are Libertarian
made with a revolver in the pocket, and Leander himself had once, in
under fire at a sale.

In August 1955 he obtained a job as a foreman on a farm of
Constantine. There he makes contact with a scrub Liberation Front
National (FLN) and sent him weapons obtained through the relationships he had
retained in the army.

In the summer of 1956, to escape a mobilization in the Region, he decided to
return to France illegally. The MLNA, more and more exposed, then chooses
dissolve itself. Its entire stock of equipment and archives were sunk in the

After several months in hiding with other activists of the FCL, Leander
Valero took advantage of the amnesty by De Gaulle to return to Auxerre in 1958, where he
hire themselves in Fruehauf. He animated the powerful CGT union in 1960 and entered the
Secretariat of the UD-CGT of the Yonne.

The CGT union of Fruehauf in May 1968 was the first to launch a strike in
the Yonne, which would make Valero Leander one of the leaders of
movement in the department.

Retired in 1983, Leander, who had never ceased to be an anarchist, had joined
Alternative to libertarian at its founding in 1991. He remained there until 2000.

[Alternative libertarian, October 2011]

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