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(en) France, Union Communiste Libertaire AL #297 - Bachelor's degree 2019: strike with mention (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Wed, 11 Sep 2019 08:49:20 +0300

The 2019 edition of the baccalaureate will remain in the annals. For the first time since 1968, a strike has seriously disturbed it, forcing the Rue de Grenelle to exceptional measures. Return on two weeks which made vacillate the Ministry of National Education. ---- The spring of 2019 will have finally sounded the end of the state of grace for Jean-Michel Blanquer at the Ministry of Education. Rare government minister to be both political end and competent in his field, he never misses an opportunity to defend, in the media, his educational project that would be guided solely by the interest of students and teachers. ---- In 2018, the mobilization against the reform of the high school had not taken. However, the teacher unease was omnipresent on social networks: " red pens ", success of the hashtag #Pasdewaves, etc. Then his reform " For a school of trust " set fire to powder in the 1st degree. The teachers of the schools took to the streets in numbers, the parents occupied the schools, the banners flourished on their pediments. And Blanquer had to back down on certain provisions.

A first corner was broken, while a wind of protest blew against the reforms of the general and technological high school (which will reinforce the phenomena of social selection) and that of the vocational high school (which reduces the lessons of the common base).

With the sense of uselessness of the isolated strike days, a small music was heard, even among the less militant colleagues: it was necessary to use the lever of the tray. An inter-union CGT-SUD-FSU-SNALC-CGC has therefore dared to call the strike on June 17, the first day of the bac exams. Suddenly, the pressure has gone up a notch !

The ministry indicated that all means would be implemented to ensure the holding of the tests. The institutions recruited individual contractors, mobilized all their staff, sometimes grouped the candidates in the refectory to save supervisors. On the evening of the first day, Blanquer was wearing a shirt: the tests had been held despite the boycott, at the cost of handicrafts and malfunctions. The same day, the inter-union showered him by asking him to negotiate, on pain of a continuation of the action. Because after the tests, there is a crucial step: the correction of the copies.

Counter-attack on the correction
And indeed, the following days, the meetings of correctors and correctives often transferred to the general assembly. Philo teachers from several academies went on strike on the day of the return of the copies. In a dozen academies, other subjects have followed suit. At the Paris Labor Exchange, several hundred teachers voted to strike. The symbolic figure of 100,000 copies was quickly exceeded.

The minister then alternated reassuring messages towards families and threats against strikers (disciplinary and criminal sanctions, withdrawal of fifteen days of wages ...). Nothing to do, they and they stood firm. The unions, denying the ministry, confirmed the legality of the action. On the morning of the publication of the results, the copies still not being there ... order was given to invent notes ! Non-striking teachers then deserted the jury, despite the threats, refusing to participate in this masquerade.

Finally, the general assemblies voted the end of the strike and the return of the copies. But the 2019 ferry will have been badly disrupted, in all its sectors: correction centers of the agricultural ferry had to be released by the gendarmes, there were more than 50 % of strikers in some correction centers of the baccalaureate pro, the real results of the general bac could not be published on the planned date ...

The reforms will start in September and it is likely that the mobilization will continue, extending to the colleagues who will experience the concrete effects. Not to mention the pension reform, which will hit teachers hard. The summer of 2019 will have recalled that collective action, decided collectively, makes it possible to establish a balance of power. And that's the kind of reflexes that's always good to have.

Aurélien (UCL Greater Paris South)

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