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(en) Ayutla de los Libres will rule without political parties in July 2018; It is time for the peoples to govern - Author Collective Rupture (RC) by Demián Revart (ca) [machine translation]

Date Mon, 19 Jun 2017 16:47:43 +0300

pic: A community of the House of Justice of the Paradise of the CRAC-PC in Ayutla is defended with machete before the attempt of the Mexican Army to disarm its companions (21 of August of 2013). ---- A boom for autonomy ---- It seems that there is a boom in the vindication of indigenous communities and indigenous peoples for choosing their own representatives, not under the well-known rule of "let's vote and see what results they give us" but that they emanate from the core of the people to solve The most innate and daily circumstances that are presented to them. How can a suit official be asked to fix the problems of the peasant if his hands are more insistent on accommodating papers and not the furrows of the earth? I would say writer and poet John Keats: "The human landscape is very good, but human nature is finer."

The push that led to the 140 colonies and communities of Ayutla de los Libres to be guided by this route was that 8 of the 43 normalists disappeared from Ayotzinapa in September 2014 are originally from this municipality, so that there was lived one of the processes The stronger the whole situation of the mobilizations, both by the requirement of its presentation with life, substantial improvements in the security of the municipality, as well as a new - and harmonious - way of organizing beyond marches and rallies.

On November 30, 2014, members of the CRAC-PC, teachers of CETEG, parents of Ayotzinapa, supported by a large active sector of the population, decided to take the "Narco-City Council" and publicly proclaimed to be governed by a Council Popular Municipal, because "narco has already penetrated all instances of government and only this way we would avoid another massacre and the constant forced disappearances that are lived day by day"[1]. This autonomist movement also extended to the municipalities of Tecoanapa, San Luis Acatlán and Tlapa de Comonfort (geographically close) and to a lesser extent in Acapulco de Juárez.

One of the main referents of the movement for self-determination, Manuel Olivares Hernández (technical secretary of the Guerrero Network of Human Rights Bodies ) left the following message for the action story: "we are in the narcopoder exercise , which has left dozens of graves even Guerrero is a great clandestine cemetery, so the municipal councils will replace the municipal authorities not guarantee the right to life and our heritage "[2].

Since that date, the autonomist formula has been working until the State Electoral Institute for Citizen Participation (IEPC) in the state of Guerrero and the Superior Chamber of the Electoral Tribunal of the Judiciary of the Federation (TEPJF) to validate the realization of A popular consultation last Saturday 10 and Sunday June 11 in the center of the municipality.

Villagers approve the consultation at a meeting at the head of El Paraíso.

It is time for the peoples to self-negotiate

We would rise to idealism if we deduce that this process is running like Usain Bolt in an unhindered track race. In the contest a great party and conservative countercurrent persists that has opposed the choice of customs and practices from an advisory assembly held in October 2015. As in many social movements, these are marked by the traces of a strong polarization between strata - those who have more and those who lack it - in this case, between the original and rural peoples - mostly with roots na 'saavi and me'pha - in antagonism with the colonies of the municipal head. The more money in the pocket, the greater exclusion of the faceless.

However, the outcome of the recent consultation was convincing and decisive; 7,178 people voted for the model of community assembly , while only 5,965 voted for the election of lists[3](mostly, militants of the corrupt triad PRI-PAN-PRD and its satellite parties, and even made a stealth participation Current PRI mayor Hortencia Aldaco Quintana).

It is vital to say that "the consultation was not so easy, not that they had not even consulted the indigenous peoples that there would be such a report on how to elect their representatives", comments an Ayuntamiento, and in fact about 100 people took the Facilities of the IEPC last May 25, 2017 to demand that they be consulted "Mixtec, Tlapanecos, mestizos ... since the assembly is the highest authority where decisions are made."

The results obtained on June 10 and 11 reaffirm the fact that, despite certain constraints and interests disguised outside what is actually communitarian democracy, distorting it to become unofficial of the most volatile territories within its political wallet, are The majorities who claim the customs and customs.

Likewise, "various political parties have tried to convince the commissioners not to present themselves to the boards with gifts and money ... also saying that social programs like" Prospera "will disappear if the parties are expelled.

The Sebastopol[4]of autonomy and self-government will continue to gain strategic positions and great local-national support to the partisan-business side.

From being out to the collective claim

Ayutla is considered as the birthplace of the Popular Revolutionary Army (EPR) born in May 1994 , which is why the raids, exorbitant surveillance and extrajudicial killings that both the Mexican Army and the police carried out on the pretext of capturing the guerrillas .

That same year the Me'phaa Indigenous People 's Organization (OPIM) would emerge with a great and primordial participation of indigenous women. In 2016 they reported that in that year alone, 20 women were executed together with the neighboring municipality of Acatepec. Their anti-militarist work has led to the murder of 16 members and people close to their community advocacy work, 7 more have been arrested and 107 have received direct threats (government, politicians, drug traffickers, police ... and who to point at!

The poverty is a (though not an excuse minoico) determining factor for the internal organization of the towns of Ayutla, because:

(...) according to the latest report of the National Council for Evaluation of Social Development Policy (Coneval) , 2010, in Ayutla de los Libres 88% of the population lives in poverty and half of its inhabitants do not have sufficient resources or Even to eat.

A third of the population has educational backwardness and has no access to health services, while 78% do not have access to basic housing services (...),[5]

So that economic development from lo-local is also an argument for self-governance.

I return to one of the first questions that I formulated in the initial lines of this text: how to ask the State to increase economic levels when it administers them - through violence and stratification - facilitating capital gains to a single social class?

Community of the CRAC-PC realiazan inspection and surveillance in the entrances of the municipality.

The security is another point to be treated. It was in 2010 that the Ayutlenses joined the CRAC-PC of the Costa Chica to install checkpoints and reduce levels of insecurity. Over time - and infiltrations - in the community project of the same CRAC, there was a rupture that emerged the Union of Peoples and Organizations of the State of Guerrero (UPOEG) that has not precisely had a white record as an armed group. This does not seem true! (But it is). The popular will in Ayutla has strengthened the participation of both groups in security, despite the mixofílicas differences and a political confrontation - even armed and excessive - that still persists in other regions guerrenses.

The government began to tremble at the beginning of January of 2013 that the armed groups made official to the media their incidence in Ayutla. The messages 'down the sleeve' from the top of the government came assiduously to their respective leaders, but the seals and actions "outside the law" were not interrupted for a single day.

On Thursday, January 31, 2013 in the community of El Mezón, about 500 people made the first popular trial of 54 captured criminals who have been linked to organized crime.

These initiatives from within the towns and neighborhoods - since all members of the CRAC-PC are elected by community assembly - provoked intense annoyances and tantrums by the state government. On August 21 of the same year, the Mexican Army tried to disarm the community members of the CRAC-PC of the House of Justice "El Paraíso" in the town of the same name, resulting in the capture of six of them ( Bernardino García Franciso, Ángel García García, Florentino García Castro, Eleuterio García Carmen, Ambad Ambrosio Francisco and Benito Morales Justo).

It would take 3 years until his release on May 13, 2016 ...

Members of both armed groups detain 54 criminals linked to organized crime. At the meeting, it was decided to postpone the sanctions at a new meeting in the municipality of Tecoanapa.

Self-construction and some conclusions for the future

The relevance of admiring community democracy practiced through customs and practices is not as such to the form represented by the paradigm shift in decision making, but in the following contents:

A) The final expulsion of political parties, therefore , the constant confrontation - which is often not apparent - with the structure of the modern state.

B) The abolition of a presidential figure and the future- temporary eradication of political hierarchies, by forming councils composed of settlers from each of the neighborhoods or communities that are elected by the service and interest in the collective development of a territory and who They inhabit it, not for partisan tricks or avant-garde advantage for organizations already conformed.

C) The total and anti-systematic autonomization of the territory after the solid formation of a cooperative economy and the strengthening of community self-defense, leaving aside the gifts of the three levels of government.

You do not have to be mean (that's what I'm talking about with the second paragraph of these arguments). In the process of choosing for uses and customs there may also be the intention of organizations and ambitions personified in authoritarian representatives to obtain "independent" political positions that demerit the intervention of people interested in the common good.

The conclusions will have to be derived from a serious and constant deliberative exercise and limits-reaches from - and for - communities where rivalries or ambition to be-authority prevail.




Notes and references

[1]Conversation with residents of Ayutla in the XXI Anniversary of CRAC-PC, held in the community of Horcasitas in San Luis Acatlán, Guerrero. October 2016.

[2]"Popular councils form in Ayutla de los Libres and Acapulco " by Sergio Ocampo and Héctor Briseño, La Jornada , November 30, 2014, p. 7. ( http://www.jornada.unam.mx/2014/11/30/policies/007n1pol )

[3]"Win in Ayutla the model of choice for uses and customs in assemblies" by Jacob Morales Antonio, El Sur: Guerrero newspaper, June 14, 2017. ( http://suracapulco.mx/1/gana-en -ayutla-the-model-of-choice-by-uses-and-customs-in-assemblies /)

[4]Warship used by anarchist sailors at the Kronstadt Rebellion in 1921.

[5]"Ayutla de los Llibres, the place where civilians exercise justice" by Daniela Rea, CNN Mexico , February 1, 2013. ( http://expansion.mx/nacional/2013/02/01/ayutla- Of-the-free-the-place-where-the-civil-exercise-justice)

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