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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL Novembre - Catalonia: On the side of the social and separatist left (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Sun, 26 Nov 2017 13:39:57 +0200

Seen from France, it is often reduced to a selfish chauvinism. However, for thirty years now, Catalan independence has become polyphonic as a large part of the social and trade union movement, of the radical and libertarian left, rallied to it. ---- The referendum on the independence of Catalonia, the 1 st of October was marked by repression of the Spanish State. In the French media, the phenomenon of independence has often been presented by the prism of a rich Catalonia, which no longer wants to pay for the poor regions of Spain, and whose independence is supported by a liberal elite. This grid of reading only reflects part of the truth. There is also an independence that carries an anti-capitalist, anti-sexist, antifascist and ecologist message.

In Catalonia, today an autonomous province resulting from the 1978 Constitution - the fruit of a compromise with the Franco regime - an anti-capitalist force that wants to do battle with both Mariano Rajoy, Spanish Prime Minister and Carles Puigdemont. liberal secessionist who is trying to negotiate with Madrid an exit from the " Catalan crisis ". This anti-capitalist force is found in political organizations as well as in trade union organizations.

Among them, the Popular Unity Candidature (CUP) is a coalition of local assemblies with horizontal operation founded in 1986. It has always focused on municipalism before, in 2012, to elect 10 deputies to the Parliament of Catalonia. While fighting the austerity policy of the Catalan European Democrat Party in Puigdemont, the CUP joined forces with the latter to organize the referendum. The CUP calls to take back the street with the creation of the referendum defense committees.

Another relatively well-known training course is Arran, a youth organization that took action last summer against mass tourism that plagues the lives of the people of Barcelona. In the wake of the referendum, Arran called on universities to block companies and banks that threatened to relocate their headquarters, in order to denounce the connivance between the Catalan and Madrid bourgeoisie.

The Catalan CGT divided

At the same time, libertarian groups like Embat and Negres Temperes claim to be part of the anarcho-independence movement. This one was born in the 1970s, distinguishing itself as much from anarcho-syndicalism restive to the national question, as independentist currents of State socialist tendency. These groups, whose slogan is " independence without limits ", aim to create an anti-authoritarian and self-managing space free from Spanish centralism. They supported the October 3 general strike, which was followed by 80 % in many sectors.

The strike was initiated notably by the CGT and the Catalan CNT and the independentist Intersindical Alternativa de Catalunya (IAC). In fact, the question of independence divides the Spanish CGT, the main anarcho-syndicalist confederation of the country. A minority tendency remains attached to the idea that, to sum up, " to the social question, there is no national solution ". On the other hand, for Jordi Martí i Font, a Cégétist teacher in Tarragona, who is also a CUP activist, the independence movement conceals " a real social dimension, with in-depth proposals, both at the level of everyday life and at the level of the social structure of Catalonia. It is this social and alternative dimension, and partly anti-capitalist, that makes this movement as massive today, with real roots in the lower classes. » [1]

Martial (AL Saint-Denis)

[1] Jordi Martí i Font (CGT Catalan): " This movement can crack the wall of power ", Alternativelibertaire.org, October 18, 2017.

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