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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #226 - Nuclear fusion: the headlong rush! (fr) [machine translation]

Date Fri, 26 Apr 2013 18:01:13 +0300

Not content with having made France the world's most nuclear-armed world, different governments, both right and left, planning to make our country the leader of the "nuclear fusion." ---- Two nuclear installations embody the ambition of France: ITER [ 1 ] located in Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (Bouches-du-Rhône) and Megajoule Laser (LMJ) in the town of Barp Gironde. ---- Research projects on fusion seek to use the energy produced by the fusion of hydrogen nuclei, reaction particularly difficult to control [ 2 ]. ---- Laser Megajoule and ITER ---- The goal is to recreate the LMJ thermodynamic conditions of an explosion of an atomic bomb to validate the simulation software of nuclear weapons. And thus circumvent the international treaty on nuclear testing. The site is at present largely engaged, even if the completion was postponed to 2014.

The program combines ITER Russia, the United States, European Union, Japan, China, Korea and India. Its aim is to "succeed in maintaining a nuclear fusion reaction for six minutes ...". To date there is no evidence that man is never able to master nuclear fusion. 9 November 2012, the Prime Minister signed a decree "authorizing the international ITER Organization to create a nuclear facility."

These two projects are large. The building for the LMJ is 140,000 square meters of space. ITER in Cadarache site covers 180 hectares and required the removal of 2.5 million cubic meters of rock. These facilities use highly sophisticated equipment: laser beams, superconducting magnets, containment facilities, measurement ... which will consume huge amounts of water - ITER will use each year nearly 3 million cubic meters of water - and energy: " To start ITER must have 500 MW [...] for about ten seconds [...]. Permanently installed 120 MW needs "[ 3 ]

What opposition?

Beyond the costs and environmental risks of these experimental facilities, we intend to denounce the logic that justifies: development of new weapons of mass destruction, headlong into a centralized energy model hyper when issues of our time are those economies energy and decentralized renewable energy.

Objections to these projects expressed in the anti-nuclear movement: the association and the Network Tchernoblaye out nuclear attempt to express the rejection of the LMJ. In May 2004, 500 people demonstrated in Barp in the Tour de France to abandon nuclear power. As for the manifestation of 2000 people organized in November 2007 in Marseille by the Collective stop ITER, it demonstrates, too, the difficulties in mobilizing against France in the nuclear lobby. And yet always a bad opinion on nuclear energy in the country is no longer in doubt.

Jacques Dubart (AL Agen)

[ 1 ] International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor: International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor

[ 2 ] It is the energy at work in the heart of the sun

[ 3 ] The World December 5, 2003
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