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(en) Brazil, LIBERA #156 - MEGA-INVESTMENTS AND SOCIAL CONTROL (pt) [machine translation]

Date Wed, 13 Mar 2013 13:47:22 +0200


The result of the municipal elections of 2012 is more indicative of the continuity of current local political control and oppression of the poor, to help ensure growing profits for private investments that advance across the country. ---- Represents, above all, the advancement of a political project that seeks to establish their alignments at the municipal, state and federal, anticipating alliances with the integration of capital plans at national and continental. Thus, talking nicely with the farce opportunistic party politics and representative capital (domestic and international) will be revamping and upgrading to a different context and with regard to the complicity and support of government and public policy. That's the political game of bourgeois democracy: the owner of the casino always wins his ground.

The federal government gives the line of this project
social-developmental and promotes
national bourgeoisie, whose major companies
receive funding to become
transnational competitive internacionalmente1.
Thus, it is the tuning of a
power project with the current Government
the interests of elites in mega-projects
integration of capital at
continental or national, can articularse
with IIRSA, PAC and local variants of these
polÃticas2. Represents a project that already
proved unsuccessful in other periods
Historic, because every time a supposed
"Left" and workers sided with
national bourgeoisie (like PCBs in decade
40 and 50, and now the U.S.) allowed the
Conditions for new ways to exploit
a capitalist system and refreshed.

With the assistance and demand works
of mega-events and mega projects
(Like the World Cup in 2014, the
Olympics in 2016 and the PAC)
we see a repetition of experiences
cities like Johannesburg, Berlin and
Barcelona, ââin terms of cleaning social debt
and public speculation. Around here,
These interventions are part of a network of
interests with regard to policies
public safety, integration of capital
Private, open to private investment
international control and reorganization
poor social territory.

PAC, as the Industrial Complex
Port of Acu, in northern Rio de Janeiro,
are affecting families barbarously
fishermen and farmers River Delta
ParaÃba. Expropriation of property,
violence, salinization of groundwater d water
pollution, land speculation are the fruits
rotten the mega-project. Represent
one element of this policy
Public-private partnerships (PPPs): these
Foxes give control of the henhouse.
In the complex AÃu, Eike Batista told
with a loan from BNDES of R $ 2.7
billion, ie, used for money
workers to run their businesses.

In the current workers are
subjected to poor working conditions,
is the PAC in different
regions of Brazil or the works Cup
World. But unlike analyzes that
claim that Lula-Dilma "pacified"
employees, we can see that
Our people react: revolts in the works
Belo Monte dam, stoppages of
workers in the construction of the stadium
Maracana in 2012, smashing into trains
and transportation shutdowns and scrapped in
other construction sites, prove it.

It is no coincidence that to avoid problems
sectors with potentially radicalized
the works of mega-events have
their points of dialogue with the actions of
CAP and other local political urbanization
and public safety, as the current
Morar Carioca and Police Units
Pacifying (UPPs). And no wonder that, in Rio
authorities understand the "resumption of
territories ", the slums, as" very
important to the city as a whole. "
That is, to maximize the investment
you need to control private military
part of our people, precisely those
that historically have been deprived of
most basic rights.

The military occupation of slums and
consequent appreciation of the properties of
surroundings, makes the party of speculators and
real estate entrepreneurs. Thus,
the market and the actions of government
begin to influence the reorganization and
determining the place of the poor in the city,
creating pockets of exclusion, control
and social wealth.

This policy of the national bourgeoisie search
not only through the media lackeys
monopolist, but the governmental discourse,
cover social conflicts and all
the problems generated by this policy,
just put the economic rise
(Either by borrowing via credit
access to scholarships and other policies
social compensation) as the main factor
social development.

Control of the Poor

Since it is not possible to move all
the poor in the rich areas of the city (the
burgesia and dream of middle-class of
right), the UPPs are fulfilling an important
role in the establishment of control
these social spaces. Violating rights
human housing, more than 7000 families
were evicted (or were at risk of
dump) by the City in 2011, for
deployment of PAC and mega events.

Residents removed will generally
to outlying areas of the city, where they are
constructed much of sets
's housing program Minha Casa Minha
Life, the Federal Government. These areas
Peripheral are largely dominated
militias and drug gangs
UPP runaway of areas, and have
poor coverage of public services and
urban structure. According to testimony
Michel, a resident of the neighborhood
Restinga (neighborhood Recreio)
who had the house destroyed by tractors
mayor: "Before lived somewhere
quiet, now I'm close to the hill and is
shooting straight. Do not get caught because it gives the BRT,
comes packed two hours and end up taking
two more to go and come back "5.

Already Francisca, with the help of relatives, is
remaking their lives in the community
Fontela: "The Secretary of Housing (in
Jorge Bittar time, PT) said that the
We already went forwarded to a job,
which did not happen at all.
We got out of there with nothing. So is flawed
So it is a major flaw that speak
people are being relocated within the
their rights, negative "6.

Those who remain in the communities suffer the
State control or militia, which in
many communities have replaced the control
trÃfico.Ao the same time, the territories
formerly occupied by populations
poor, and now "benefit" by
investments Cup and Olympics are being
transferred to private economic sectors,
is the case with Port Project Wonder
Rio3 in the port area.

The state's presence in everyday favela
and military in character and permanent
occurs both ostensibly (with the need
prior permission of the UPPs
for events and festivals that
will happen there) as ideologically
with interference in culture and
local economy, through initiatives
agents and external institutions as
NGOs, media companies and institutions
Industry (Group S, Firjan, Network
Globe, etc.).

Not only the leaders and references
Community, but also the young resident
slums, becomes ideologically disputed
State and economic sectors in
projects that "promote protagonism
juvenile "and" training of new leaders
for these territories. " Seeking to build
involvement and partnerships between entities
local and external institutions character
diverse (government, financial,
industrial, corporate media) is stimulated
a practice of entrepreneurship (exploration
other workers) and a
consumerist culture through access to credit.
Actions that are nonetheless forms
social control, by inserting the
poor grades in the consumer market
a supposed policy of "social inclusion",
but which in practice means indebtedness
and reliance on market mechanisms
and the financial system.

Proposals such as the Solidarity Economy (project
World Bank) does not empower the
people, but it does act as a vector
outsourcing and casualization of labor.
Propose to generate jobs and income, but not
lead to autonomy or popular movements
social. All lacquered by a
populist rhetoric with practical welfare
a so-called "inclusion socioprodutiva"
with Government, NGOs and companies
communication in order to demobilize acting
organization of local initiatives
social, cultural and collective production.

Rising cost of living and job insecurity

Along with the military occupation of the State
slum comes the increased cost of
life. Without an increase in income
the people, the new collection of fees
basic public services, represent
an increase in the family budget
monthly up possibilities of
residents.
-------------------------------------------------- --------

"[...] The support and encouragement to build spaces
Community binders are critical because the logic
system is to keep the people divided and skeptical of their
own possibilities of transforming reality. "

-------------------------------------------------- --------
Despite the speech that "there is now a
State presence in the slum "areas and
formerly degraded, which has the
Actually the market is compelling the people
to leave their homes and communities
and go away, a flagrant cleaning
social. ManhÃes Elizabeth, a resident of
Hose hat in Leme, spoke of
which has been facing difficulty to keep
home and the support of four children. "In
2009 I paid $ 350.00 and currently
rent is $ 600.00. If I or my
husband lost his job, I do not know what
we do, "desabafa7.

Without secure housing affordable
current policies that accelerated gentrification,
attracting those who want to live
near beaches and enjoy good view
residences that will be provided with sanitation
light and other regulated services,
ensuring flashy and with immense
structures such as walkways and lifts the
access for those who want to have a
"Experience the slum." The slum is "integrated
to asphalt, "but the poor people is not integrated
socially.

Following this logic, the city as a
whole is getting more expensive. Being
second highest cost of living in the country and a
the most expensive cities in the Americas, Rio
occupies the 13th position of world's most expensive.
Obviously, the performance of the government
for the benefit of the people and in favor of our
social demands, does not follow this
ranking. The people remained without the slightest
assistance in hospitals, public transport,
schools, and sanitation services. Tragedies
caused by rains (for
account of omission and embezzlement of
government), higher fares
public transport (and inefficient
in subhuman conditions), queues and overcrowded hospitals
lack of places in public schools, extremely
poor, are facts that are repeated
annually for decades.

Building our proposals and to articulate struggles

Given this scenario, our struggle, before
everything is working for a project
of real social change becomes each
again a reference to the people,
adding different popular sectors
on a front of the oppressed, which in
summons to update our actions before the
current dynamics of the class struggle.

Thus, given the design elites, which operates
both in political and in economic
and ideological, organizational and intentionality
are key to analyzing
social contexts. It takes work to
From concrete proposals and programs
fighting in actions that accrue to
the construction of popular power and the
consequent strengthening of our field
political.

We must strengthen and stimulate the organization
popular movements and other
autonomous forms of popular organization,
taking the people as protagonists in local
housing, work and study. Identifying
and encouraging the different initiatives
existing and acting in everyday
establishing identities and complicity in
a culture of mobilization and struggle. In that
direction, support and encouragement to the construction
of community spaces agglutinating
are critical because the system logic
is to keep the people divided and descrentesuas
own possibilities of transformation
of reality.

We argue that a popular education
acts not only on individual-level support,
but is primarily a tool
that helps in mobilizing collective of young
and family members of the class in discussion, management
decision and, by themselves, the issues
that relate to their areas of housing,
work and study. As initiatives
of cooperative, collective production
and popular economy that break with the logic of
market and relations of exploitation
and field workers by
business or financial system.

In this struggle, we understand the neighborhood and the
community not only as the space
housing for our people, but that is
closely linked to issues
recreation and culture (and media access
develop culture with autonomy, not
restricted only to the elites), work (fight
the rights of workers, casualization
concentration of labor and employment
rich areas and distant neighborhoods
periphery), transportation (and expensive fares
bad service dominated by mafias), of
study (fighting for public education and
Free access not elite), health
(Poor sanitation and subjection to
market mafias health plan) and
food (farmer's holding
by agribusiness, which generates food
poisoned, expensive and a detachment
social struggles of the people and the different
territories and regions).

In this sense it is essential to combativeness
and articulate the different struggles of everyday life.
In the reconstruction of the social fabric and
subject of social transformation identified
and solidarity with other sectors of
oppressed and locked in conflict with the
different spaces, but often related.
These are those who live in
slums, suburbs and metropolitan areas;
blacks, women, poor students,
unemployed, workers exploited and
precarious and oppressed by farmers
State and capital. Humbly, we
the FARJ, we continued on the field and in the city
building our people with the organization
popular. We invite you to join forces
us, all those / who believe the
a radical transformation of society.

Notes:

One. Today, Odebrecht, for example, has
performances in some countries in America
America like Panama, Argentina, Colombia,
Mexico, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru and Cuba.AlÃm
several works by the country, as the plant
Belo Monte, the consortium of construction of
Maracana, Puerto Wonder and some works
Plan for Accelerated Growth
(CAP), the Federal Government.

2nd. The BNDES financing in addition to being
mergers of large national companies (for
they become competitive trans
global market) is a major
Project funders Integration
Regional Infrastructure (IIRSA). Financia
Also, with funds from the Support Fund
Workers (FAT), 50% of works
World Cup in Brazil, as
construction or renovation of stadiums, too
probably will be delivered to the administration
private cost to the
entrepreneurs.

3rd. In developments like Port Wonder
in the harbor area, the transfer occurs
public lands for the union
private sectors through operations
Consortium and Public Private Partnerships
(PPPs), where the priorities are diverted
these areas of use (before housing
or social interest) for interests
Private.

4th. Recently the Senate approved
funding of $ 150 million
Inter-American Development Bank
(IDB) to City Hall, to be
used in the works of Morar Carioca,
the Municipal Housing, which
intends to "urbanize" all slums
Rio 2020. The agreement also provides for a
consideration of $ 150 million
by the municipality (public money).
Agreements such as this create a linkage
greater public policies with
financial interests.

5th. http://www.cidadespossiveis.com/post/38136636822/moradores-removidos-por-obra-olimpica-ha-dois-anos

6th. Ditto

7th. http://www.observatoriodefavelas.org.br/observatoriodefavelas/noticias/mostra-
Noticia.php? Id_content = 1097
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