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(en) Brazil, Anarkio.net: A-Infos #17 - SLAVE LABOR IN BRAZIL by Pietro Anarchist (pt) [machine translation]

Date Sat, 02 Mar 2013 17:21:03 +0200

The forcible occupation of "America" ââby Europeans was made ââbased on slavery and genocide of the natives. In spite of this preliminary aggression, for a period of almost three hundred years have forced millions of Africans coming to America also under forced labor. This unhealthy "right" of white European elites acquired by their condition or bourgeois aristocrats, supported by a gang of scoundrels and unscrupulous religious in America created a society totally exclusive and slavery, possibly unprecedented in human history. Although all forms of slaves (paleoamerÃndios and Africans) have tried to resist, fight proved always unequal, and the slave succeeded in maintaining their order exploitative - servile regime - by forging and imposing over the years a society totally unequal . On one side the rich landowners who had access to all the blessings of his time, in another estremo slaves restrained any right.

Between the two classes have millions of poor whites and mestizos miserable that served to feed the armies of white slavers, the religious seminaries, and produce the necessary food nutrition of the whole society. It was almost a rule in America adopting the Plantations in agriculture, using only menial labor, extending the model mining in Brazil and Spanish America. In this world of explorers and slaves, who were free to survive as squatters, sharecroppers or collectors and were often involved in the cultivation of basic food for himself and the landowners.

The sad scenario in Brazil occupied a prominent place, being one of the last to accept the end of the slave regime. When the abolition, in 1888, that made ââso partial and incomplete, thousands of captives were simply evicted from farms starting to thicken the slums of incipient Brazilian cities and towns. With the opening of the ports named in 1808 to intensify coming from poor to Brazil, many of which are beyond the European wars, religious persecution, political and searching for an opportunity to break with its past needs. Following the change of our political condition Cologne for Empire, begin to allow the formation of small farms which are now occupied and cultivated almost entirely by poor whites who immigrate usually accompanied by their families. In particular we note that the captive besides having denied his freedom if he prevents access to land, no matter how small the portion. Notably in the coffee farms of southeastern Brazil, slave labor will gradually being replaced by poor whites as well, usually foreigners, who are subjected to a nefarious system of partnerships. Although called a wage scheme, the rule was that these women, men and children hardly saw get their hands on money values. The import of skilled manpower White also had a macabre logic, because here migrated thousands of individuals who have not found any occupation and opportunity in Brazil. The slums in cities like Santos, SÃo Paulo and Rio de Janeiro were mostly filled by immigrants. Cities like Curitiba and Porto Alegre also viewed arise around their centers formed in colonial villas consist of miserable that quickly become exploited the nascent industry that had been spanning from the second reign.

Former slaves, no school, no work fixed without citizenship rights, because they could not even vote, because they were kept in illiteracy, eventually forming a social layer to fully margin, serving only as a reserve of skilled labor and living in poor conditions in the belts of misery passing willing to be around all the major cities. To them add up the millions of Brazilians free, however poor, destitute of any possession and even access to elementary education. Not only that, as previously mentioned, millions of poor people come mainly from Europe "try his luck" in a country that still had leaves even the system of servile hand. The elites obviously had everything planned in order to "liberate" the captives, but it is organized with the aim of having both arms surpluses for farming and for the industry that formed.

The result could not be different, a fully stratified society with an elite at the top, holds all privileges and millions of poor to survive on the basis that they had and still have to subject themselves to the most brutal forms of exploitation. The anti-slavery resistance present since colonial empire takes shape in the second when he next twentieth century, achieves success. Although the nominal freeing slaves and conquered in the most populous in Brazil, and in remote villages in the interior of the country she managed to stay undercover until today (2013). The newspapers and trade supporters, even the reactionary Republican holder of absolute power from 1889, routinely denounced the presence of skilled labor in slave regime in the "hinterland" of Brazil. Guarded by gunmen - gunmen - and kept in conditions worse than the slaves of coffee farms thousands of workers were - and still are - exploited in cattle farms, the planting and harvesting of cane sugar, in extraction of latex and even in the construction of several railroads during the period called First Republic.

Railroad Construction of SÃo Paulo to Rio Grande do Sul with the Northwest of Brazil, just to name one example, in the early years of the twentieth century, as a rule had maltreatment workers, the constant lack of payment, exploitation in the supply of food forcing the employee to always buy the Boss or his representatives and with it always being in debt to the warehouse. Recalling also that the workday was time to start and never finish. The rule was from star to star, and in any weather. Often waves of workers were killed by rebelling or trying to leave the construction site. Those who were sick were rule lead them to remote places and leave them abandoned until the death could support.

succession In "State of Siege" that Brazil lives with the advent of the Old Republic and the sequence of two overt dictatorships - New State and Redeemer - the slavery issue becomes taboo and a crime against homeland. Who dared only to comment on the issue, was subject to the rigors of the law and even condemned to disappear. Public Schools and individuals contained in the curricula of History, Social Studies, Civics and Social and Political Organization of Brazil that the "stain of slavery" had been solvida on May 13, 1888, with no more ominous this institute in Brazil and therefore, all free.

disagree that vainglorious speech, reactionary and nazifascista was not love Brazil, subversive and good thing to be quiet for the sake of our development. The subject being commented sheepishly back to the process of slow and gradual opening occurred in the 80s of the twentieth century. International pressure incipient determined that although some progress had governmental actions, and unsubsistent obviously insufficient, in our view totally private facade. Yet official figures, which do not correspond with reality effectively, are worrying. Thousands of Brazilians are explored in rural condition in need of slave labor. Inner City as St. Paul also notes the employment of labor, slave labor with the exploitation of thousands of foreigners in irregular situation reportedly seen having entered the country without regard to immigration laws in effect in Brazil.
This problem is due to the fact that in their countries of origin, particularly in the case of Bolivia, the situation in their "homeland" of origin to be much worse. The rescue actions in rural areas explored removal of the local slave labor has proved innocuous.

Often workers pressed by necessity, the absolute lack of work in their places of origin and the fact they were not even access the initial series of formal study looking again 'cats' - bookies hand labor - and return to farms located in remote places where they work in exchange for a plate of food. Another problem is that the punishment for this crime and totally fragile, there is no record of imprisonment on the part of recruiters of labor, slave labor - cats - not the slave owners of securities or prosperous farms and eminent industrialists.

The burden of slavery in Brazil and notorious. In most urban centers still have millions of slum dwellers, totally excluded from the basic principles of citizenship proposed and defended by the state Liberal Bourgeois, calling itself a "social welfare". We get only in the example that follows: We have more than seven million domestic workers in Brazil (according to PNAD 2009). Five million or more without Work Permit signed thus without social rights such as minimum wage, holidays and more. The vast majority with low education, when not totally illiterate.

Federal Constitution still discriminates the other workers because it has workday defined by law and other rights. To end it mostly consists of women, in which a large majority descendants of slaves. "Even with the" title "of the profession with more women in Brazil, occupied by over 8 million people, domestic workers in the country have only 9 of the 34 rights guaranteed to other professions." In 2011 the Government of duty of Brazil was a signatory of ILO Convention 189, but the constitutional amendments and constitutional infrastructure have not yet been made, all falling in the ditch recurrent demagoguery. It remains to observe that this problem is not unique to Brazil, since millions of people are subject worldwide, including in Europe, where a majority of the immigrants, the drudgery, unhealthy and dangerous, no social rights, so as slaves. Meets we keep up the fight against slavery, regardless of mask that is used to make up on it or try to hide it. Denounce slavery is also part of all who struggle against capital and exploration seeking to engage all employees in this journey that has no trench or rest. Our independent organization, without parties, without bosses, no churches, no state is which will permit the realization of the need to end the exploitation.

Caxias do Sul, January 1, 2013. Pietro Anarchista
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