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(en) France, Coordination of Anarchist Groups CGA - IAL #94 - The Conquest of Bread, a current issue! (fr) [machine translation]

Date Thu, 21 Feb 2013 15:29:10 +0200


Revolutionary society we aspire to ensure the fulfillment of all. The satisfaction of our basic needs is essential to this goal we need to assess what is in the state of capitalist society, and the struggles to bring order to increase the balance of power in our favor and promote emergence of libertarian communism. ---- We're hungry! ---- The bourgeois media marvel regular progress always bigger than we offer to see capitalist society. However, the capitalist economy, supposedly a source of progress in the development of the productive forces it generates, still leaves 870 million people with chronic undernourishment 12% of the world population (1). ---- Although we do not have experienced a situation of mass undernourishment since the Second World War in Western countries, food is a major concern for many of us.

78% of French  e  s, the price remains the primary purchasing criterion (2) of a food product despite strong concerns about the safety of products, especially with regular health crises. Food is the first item of expenditure, more than 20% of the budget class families. It is not to buy caviar since 80% of our budget is used to purchase food commodities (3).

In France, a country with many rich  Artists, more than half of the poor - that is to say, living on less than 900 euros per month - have a seriously unbalanced diet (4). In fact a calorie chips costs 5 times less than calorie fruit (though low-end). When the budget is tight, the choice is quickly made.

We need this product!

Today, we are 7 billion people live which corresponds to a global food needs of 12 à 1015 calories (5). But when the global production of agglomerates 20 \ main agricultural products, we see that the honest worker   s land annually produce 14 à 1015 calories (6). When detailing the needs protein, fats, carbohydrates and vitamins, we arrive at the same conclusion: the honest worker   s world produced in quantity and diversity of what the needs of humanity.

In contrast propagandists Capital, we argue that far from ensuring progress, capitalist economy leads to an absurd state of affairs, we produce a surplus of food and more than 10% of the world population is hungry!

Bread, speculation haven for Capital

If the side of the honest worker   s land, life is not pink (7), this does not apply to the magnates of food and latifundaires.

Until 2008, the economic sectors were favored for speculative construction (building and public works) and new technologies. The bursting of the financial bubble in 2008 has shifted part of capitalist investment into areas called shelters as agricultural production. Indeed, food is a basic need that we are willing to buy at any price. Whatever the economic uncertainties, the demand will remain roughly stable profits while also providing stable sunk or boursicotrice who buys wheat.

Symbolic witness the increased pressure of capital on the food sector, there has been investment firms appear in dairy cows with guaranteed dividends to 5% of the capital and relationship with farmers sharecropping type since it is investors who decide the fate of calves from "their" cows (8). Best known, the Chinese state realizes large purchases of farmland as a major resource (9) in the global politico-economic scene like oil.

As the demand is stable, a small change in supply leads to a significant price variation. As for rental housing (10), a chronic shortage keeps prices high consumption by the capitalists happiness and unhappiness of the honest worker   s.

Regarding processed products, must be added to the capture of surplus value by speculation on raw materials, produced by the shareholders of plants. Nestlà makes 5.1 billion net profit in 2002, Danone â 911 million in 2012, Lactalis 1 billion ... (11)

An agricultural economy volatile source of famine

This increased pressure on the agricultural economy capital is a major source of price volatility, the source of famines.

Indeed, the competition of all agricultural production structures has led to specialize the export sectors of different countries or sub-regions. Finally there are some countries whose production represents a significant share of trading volumes. Eg market milk powder, New Zealand (4.3 million inhabitants  e  s and an area of ââhalf of France) provides almost 40% of world exports (12).

So just a random change, epidemics, in short, an incident that makes production down in most countries exporting to the world price varies greatly, given the elasticity of agricultural markets. As sunk matrix   s know the characteristics of this type of market in the short term, it  s  speculate will rapidly increase if projected fall in the production of a major exporting country. This speculation to leverage that amplifies rapidly rising prices due to an accident producing structurally volatile markets.

To be clear, capitalists maximize their gains at a small shortage (very relative because the volume of stored grain represents a quarter of the annual production) enjoying the unconditional need to feed the population.

To new riots?

The riots of 2008 took place with the price of wheat has doubled in one year and other basic grains which had greatly increased. The origin of this price spike, there is a drought in Australia (harvest 40% lower than the average) and floods in the U.S. in 2007. We had two countries' price makers "on the wheat market that have low exports, with a ratio of the impact on prices through heavy speculation on the rise.

This year's wheat crop was good in France and North America, but it was a disaster in Ukraine and Australia, once again victim of drought. There has been a speculative phenomenon in the fall which is a bit blurred resulting in 30% increase in wheat prices. It is feared that next spring prices soar again if the 2013 campaign goes wrong with the return of massive riots in countries where our classmates are very poor.

In the longer term trend in agricultural prices consumer is largely up for the next decade, between 15% and 40% in real (inflation-weighted) to 2019 (13). Global warming leads to increased climatic accidents, drought or flood. The context of global competition still leads to ever greater specialization of production areas and the abandonment of lean production potential surfaces. Food demand will increase along with the increase in population.

Over the next decade, we see that the structural elements of price volatility and maintaining them at levels higher and higher will increase. It is feared that our comrades  e  s African and Asian should still fight to escape the famine which condemns the capitalist economy.

In view of the prospects for the decade, it is unlikely that the famine resurface in Western Europe. Nevertheless, the economic situation of many of us will harden if food prices increase by 20% as much as the austerity measures that are imposed on us sacrament tendency to empty the wallet. The restaurants of the heart are not likely dÃsemplir with such prospects!

Fight against the monopolist  e  s grain

If the power remains a major concern despite the state of abundance in which we are effective is because it is in the interest of the capitalist class to be so to maximize its profits.

If our food situation deteriorates, it is because our collective strength has weakened. Work capitalists suck on two fronts: on the production, primarily through rents and banking institutions, and consumption by speculation on commodities and dividends agribusinesses and distribution.

The challenge for the work camp is to develop struggles over immediate demands for quick relief from the pressure of capital on the production and distribution of food products. Get access inalienable all to a diversified diet, regulating the purchase price and the sale of food, socializing grain stocks ... are trails immediate demands that we carry in our struggles against the weight capital of our lives.

Meanwhile, we need to build solidarity in the immediate neighborhoods and villages for the most vulnerable among us are not found in too precarious. The development of regular soup kitchens is a possible route to avoid idleness and poor comrades in isolation.

Socialize the land and the products that come from!

For food as the rest of our lives, capitalism structure of dramatic social situations. Since the interests of the capitalist class are structurally different from those of the majority, we believe it is necessary to destroy capitalism and build a collectivist economy whose foundation is the satisfaction of needs.

The Spanish revolution in 1936, showed that agricultural production and distribution of products was collectivized not only fair but very effective. Although the productive context is vastly different including the level of industrialization of agriculture, libertarian communism is the only option for us to organize agriculture as the rest of society.

We produce a volume sufficient food to feed the world, but the degradation of land intensification by fertilizer by mechanical work are very important too ... and train to grow. Libertarian communism would first re-cultivation abandonment of territories as moderately productive, and also reduce the pressure on the great plains grain. Collectivization of production maximize the integration between different productions limiting the need for inputs ... would organize collectively against the environmental degradation that threaten us in the relatively near future.

 E  s organized collectively and without property, we could choose more rational rotations, integrations between crops and livestock fairer, better sharing of tools, ensure correct peak seasonal work by a structural solidarity between honest worker   s (14).

If the social revolution is the hope of a better world, it is becoming increasingly urgent for the honest worker   s land as for those who consume agricultural products.

Johann link Jura

(1) http://www.fao.org/hunger/hunger-home/fr/

(2) TNS Soffres for Ania 2008

(3) Insee, 2006 http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/document.asp?reg_id=24&ref_id=14167

(4) Program National Health and Nutrition: nutritional status in France in 2007

(5) Calculated with a daily caloric need 2703 cal for men and 2010 for women cal source http://www2.cndp.fr/themadoc/besoins/energie.htm

(6) Sales volumes obtained with the global production given by the FAO in 2010 http://faostat.fao.org/site/339/default.aspx and the caloric value of food given by http:/ / www.les-calories.com

(7) Read IAL No. 90, the miserable condition of agriculture.

(8) http://www.afic.asso.fr/Website/site/fra_accueil.htm

(9) The Chinese government and Chinese capitalists buys mainly in South Asia and East Africa.

(10) 2 million homes would be empty to maintain high rents, see the numerous articles in the previous IAL about it.

(11) www.suisse.attac.org / IMG / pdf / Nestle_le_dossier_noir.pdf, http://bourse.lefigaro.fr/indices-actions/actu-conseils/danone-legroupe- ...

(12) http://www.fao.org/docrep/01 0/ah876f/ah876f09.htm. For cereals is mainly USA and Australia. For the chicken, the market is dominated by Brazil ...

(13) Agricultural Outlook OECD and FAO 2010-2019, p. 16.

(14) I delivers a personal testimony. Laborer, I saw many productive hectares abandoned, lived galleys that could have easily avoided or several most suitable tool, expensive tools underutilized while neighbor  s  e in need ... For those who want to pay attention, partitioning by private property entails a monumental mess without the men and women who work the land are bad intention.
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