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(en) France, Organisation Communiste Libertarie (OCL) - Egypt, Emergence of an anarchist movement - Appearance of a "Black Bloc" in Cairo and elsewhere ... (fr) [machine translation]
Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:28:34 +0200
Egyptian anarchist movement emerged with a wave of bombs and street fighting: A procession
of the Black Bloc in Cairo tonight, preparing for confrontation with security forces near
Tahrir Square to celebrate the second anniversary of the revolution.
http://oclibertaire.free.fr/local/cache-vignettes/L520xH293/cortege_BB-a1198.jpg ---- The
anarchists were present in Egypt before, during and after the revolution, but so far, they
had not yet organized a mass gathering under the banner of anarchism. The "Ultras"
football teams in Egypt have for years been associated with anarchist ideas and actions,
and they are widely credited with having raised the level of activism that brought down
the Mubarak government in February 2011. ----
Last night, anarchism left graffiti-walls, small conversations and online forums of Egypt,
and came to light in Cairo, declaring themselves as a new force in social revolution
underway, triggered two years ago, with several incendiary bombs launched against the
offices of the Muslim Brotherhood.
Later, the government closed the Facebook pages of "Black Blocairo" and "Egyptian Black
Bloc", but they were revived.
"Expect our next attacks as a response to the closure of our official ... " Have they
written in a statement released this morning (translated below).
Today, the Black Bloc made his first appearance in mass in Tahrir Square, and shortly
after, they attacked the firebomb the Shura Council (Egyptian Parliament), demolished part
of the wall riot barriers leading to Tahrir Square, and with others, have engaged in
fighting against security forces.
These statements and actions are in preparation for the day after the second anniversary
of the revolution, and what some call a "whole new level" of protest in Egypt.
Anarchism and the concept of Black Bloc have gained prominence in recent months through
Egypt. They come from various groups / anarchist circles that have coalesced and merged
during the revolutionary period. A massive distrust towards all political parties among
the youth, a scathing critique of the role of religion in governance and the inspiration
of the anarchist resistance in the world (mainly symbolized by the revolt in Greece in
late-2008) helped this catalysis.
Below, the statement "Black Blocairo" about the closure of their websites, their
incendiary bomb attacks against government offices and their calls for revolt
Yesterday and after we finished our intervention, we met some revolutionary movements and
we decided to unite together in our next attack, in consequence of which we conducted our
first two attacks, as we have said yesterday:
1 - In the burning site office "Ikhwan Online" (Muslim Brotherhood)
2 - burning the office down the street Ikhwan Al-Manial in Cairo.
And we announced our revolution today from Al-Tahrir Square until Egypt and its people get
Dignified life, freedom and social justice!
Black Blocairo, The Hooligans
Wait for our next attack as a response to the closure of our official ...
These actions were taken on the evening of Wednesday, January 22
Found in the press "official"
Young Egyptians create a group for violence to fight the Muslim Brotherhood
EFE - Cairo
Young Egyptians have created a group called "Black Bloc" (Block Black) for "fight fascist
tyranny of the Muslim Brotherhood" and will use force to achieve their goal, according to
what they announced in a video posted on Youtube this last hours.
In the recording, the group says it will fight against "the Muslim Brotherhood and its
armed wing" and asked the Interior Ministry not to intervene in this case because it will
retaliate if he faces.
Though that the Brotherhood has repeatedly denied that it had an armed wing, the Egyptian
media have reported in recent months of the existence of these alleged militia Muslim
A source within the Egyptian security services confirmed the existence of the agency Efe
this new group and said they were last night in Tahrir Square, where they chanted slogans
against the Muslim Brotherhood.
In the video the group posted on the Internet, many young people appear with hoods and
black clothes slide across one of the bridges over the Nile in downtown Cairo with
Egyptian flags and anarchists.
Young people say they want to "liberate the human being, to destroy the corruption and
overthrow the tyrant. '
This new organization is inspired by the radical left groups in other countries of the
world, which have expanded with anti-globalization movements.
Tomorrow will be in Egypt the second anniversary of the revolution that toppled the regime
of Hosni Mubarak with a mass demonstration called by the revolutionary parties and
opponents to protest against the president, Mohamed Morsi Islamist.
EGYPT | Against the Muslim Brotherhood
Birth of a militia to fight the "fascist tyranny" of Egyptian Islamists
Thursday, January 24
Francisco CarriÃn | Cairo
"The Chaos against injustice! " This is the flag that waved the menacing "Black Bloc"
(black block), a group of young Egyptians to provide "ready to hell" and decided to resort
to violence to "fight against fascist tyranny Muslim Brotherhood " and its alleged militia.
The introductory message spread by social networks and explained in a video posted on
YouTube, coincides with the eve of the second anniversary of the riots that forced the
resignation of Hosni Mubarak. The non-Islamist parties and movements have called for
demonstrations tomorrow, Friday across the country to protest against the steamroller of
the Brotherhood, the movement belongs to President Mohamed Morsi, Salafists and its allies
(legalistic). The appointment will be titled "No to the State of the Brotherhood
And here is between a block in action said to be inspired by the radical left groups and
seeks to resist "the Muslim Brotherhood and its armed group" . Although the Brotherhood -
a de facto power of the Arab countries - has insisted he has no militia defending the
liberal media that is based on wild clashes in December between supporters and opponents
of "rais" which resulted in 11 dead and over 700 injured.
Objective: "free human beings"
In the video, the group, whose appearance has been confirmed to Efe by the security
services, application to the Ministry of the Interior not to interfere in their fight
against the Brotherhood and stresses that its goal is to "liberate humans, destroy the
corruption and overthrow the tyrant. " In the images placed in the last few hours on their
Facebook page, you can see young people with hoods and dressed in black marching in
different parts of central Cairo.
At the other extreme, the former leader of the terrorist organization Al-Gama al Islamiya,
Tarek el Zomor warned they will resort to violence to protect "Islamic project" from the
clutches of "communists lay and Nasserist " .
El Zomor, who was released from prison in March 2011, after three decades behind bars for
their involvement in the assassination of President Anwar Sadat, added: "If the President
is obliged to relinquish power by means illegitimate, the Muslim Brotherhood, which are
known to be peaceful, must be cleared so that revolutionary Islamists are leading the
fight against the anarchists and the laity. '
The chaos that comes
The "Black Blocs" are not alone. Assets "Ultras" football teams of the capital, trained
for years to street fighting and avant-garde of the popular uprising two years ago, warned
yesterday that "chaos will come" after a day, hundreds, they protested outside the
headquarters of the Cairo Stock Exchange, blocked a subway line and disrupted traffic on a
Radicals have declared that yesterday was the first day of wrath against the verdict could
be announced next Saturday (January 26) for the tragedy on the stage of Port Said, where,
in February, were killed more than 70 supporters club Al Ahli.
In addition, on Thursday, dozens of protesters tried to shoot down a concrete wall built
in November last year to protect the seats in Parliament and the Council of Ministers in
central Cairo, just a few meters from the symbolic space Tahrir
They threw stones at security forces, who responded with tear gas. After these incidents,
military vehicles reached the place with cranes and concrete blocks to rebuild the wall in
anticipation of further clashes may occur Friday.
The Black Bloc, a new and mysterious "guest" in the unrest in Egypt
(included in many Spanish language media)
They are a violent organization and opaque youth characterized by their balaclavas and
Many Egyptian and Arab media consider them as part of a foreign conspiracy and a threat to
public order in the country.
The members of this group say they act to combat "fascist tyranny" of the Muslim Brotherhood.
The Black Bloc, a violent organization and opaque hooded youths who joined the incidents
in recent days in Egypt, sparked controversy over its goals and identity of its members.
Their hoods and masks, dark clothing and their refusal speak to the media led some
Egyptian and Arab media to consider them as part of a foreign plot that threatens public
however, the group explained in one of their occasional statements that they act in the
fight against the "fascist tyranny" of the Muslim Brotherhood, which now dominate the
Egyptian political scene.
Two days before the second anniversary of the revolution of 25 January 2011 and the
beginning of the new wave of violence, one of their leaders said that their aim is to
overthrow the president, Mohamed Morsi, the government and the Muslim Brotherhood to
prevent this group monopolizing power.
few hours after this interview, the group has released a video on YouTube to inaugurate
the public presence of the organization with one goal: "Fight the fascist tyranny of the
Muslim Brotherhood and its armed wing"
Although some media and opposition groups have reported the last months of the alleged
existence of militiamen loyal to the Brotherhood, it has repeatedly denied that it had an
Saturday, the Muslim Brotherhood themselves have referred, in a statement, Black Bloc,
they were designated as "militias black bands" and accusing him of attacking the police
and public institutions on the anniversary of the revolution.
In their video posted on the Internet, many young people appear dressed in black with
hoods, running over one of the bridges of the Nile in Cairo with Egyptian flags and
In the recording, several young men explained that they seek to "liberate human beings
destroy the corruption and overthrow the tyrant"
The Egyptian state television aired a brief report on Saturday in which it is said that
the Black Bloc is a "foreign group in Egyptian society and that, according to observers,
it is controlled by an officer of the Israeli secret service Mossad" and asked citizens
not to cooperate with them.
According quatari TV, Al Jazeera, activists of the Black Bloc, have led skirmishes with
other protesters on Friday near the Presidential Palace in Cairo Al Itihadiya after tried
to remove the barriers erected around the building.
During the demonstrations that day in Tahrir Square, one of the masked militants refused
to make statements in his group because he was not allowed to speak to foreign media.
Sealed and unstructured Egypt
The general coordinator of the Coalition of Revolutionary Forces, Haitam al Shauaf stated
that the new movement was inspired by one of the anti-globalization groups who appeared in
several Western countries in the eighties of the last century.
however, activist reports that the Egyptian version lack of organization and maturity in
its action, because it is a new experience for activism in Egypt, even if, in his opinion,
the group was able to recruit a large number of young people in different provinces.
Shauaf Al added that it is very difficult to obtain information about its members and
their ideological because they are covered with hoods and are reluctant to talk to other
It explained that his coalition, one of the most influential revolutionary movement has
not yet decided how to deal with this new organization, adding that so far they are
currently evaluating their work and that the light of this, they decide. "the Black Bloc
activists do not believe in peaceful struggle, but see that violence is the only way to
force change. Regardless of whether they are right or not, this position is a consequence
of the violence used by the authorities against peaceful protests " , he said.
A "Black Bloc" tram stops in Alexandria and Cairo manifest
Ahram Online, Friday, January 25, 2013
A group of masked men organized protests in Cairo and Alexandria, and calls for " the
fall of the regime "
A group of young protesters, who identified themselves as "Black Bloc", marked the second
anniversary of the Egyptian revolution in blocking tramway in Alexandria on Friday.
A dozen people wearing black masks stopped the tram route using traffic barriers, and also
blocked the road to the Al-Qaid Ibrahim, where demonstrations are expected occur.
The Black Bloc is trying to storm Governorate building in Mansoura
Ahram Arabic news website, Saturday, Jan. 26, 2013
In further attempts to storm the headquarters of the province Governorate of Dakahliya [in
Mansoura, 120 km northeast of Cairo), in the central delta, members of the Black Bloc
group clashed with security forces before destroy the site entrance.
The Black Bloc is a new vigilante group dressed in black who made ââtheir first public
appearance during muscular national events of the second anniversary of the revolution,
Friday, Jan. 25.
According to Ahram Arabic newswebsite , demonstrations calling for the demands of the
revolution continued for a second day in front of the governorate building.
In this dispatch from the Sunday, January 27, RFI
it is reported:
"In Alexandria, Black Block stormed a government building in which they extended a banner
declaring the independence of the second city of Egypt. '
Video of the "Black Bloc Egypt"
Alexandria, January 20, 2012
A peaceful rally outside the gates of the court at the trial for the murders of January
2011 is brutally attacked by the police. There were 31 prisoners, including four members
of the Libertarian Socialist Movement.
They are detained in any legal basis for at least 10 days pass before a judge since
January 30. Three members of this libertarian organization have been arrested in November
2012 on charges of inciting workers to strike and public disorder.
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