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(en) France, Alternative Libertair #222 - Biodiversity: The damage of industrial fishing (fr) [machine translation]

Date Thu, 27 Dec 2012 10:14:38 +0200


The huge factory vessels and freezer tuna fish are able to transform and in a few days that fleets of thousands of artisanal boats could make in a year. They are a major cause of destruction of marine ecosystems and help prepare the food crisis by destroying biodiversity. ---- Industrial fishing has increased the market for seafood from a few million tonnes in the early twentieth century, it had reached 70 million in 1970 and $ 145 million today. States, governments, shipowners have behaved as if the marine resources were inexhaustible. Today, according to the FAO - UN organization for food and agriculture - 8% of the fish species sought are exhausted, 17% are overexploited, 52% are exploited to their maximum. Fish caught are less fat and more young people. "At least three quarters of the main fishing areas of the world" are or will soon be affected by overfishing.

Not content to exhaust the resources of the sea, the fishing industry [ 1 ] is the subject of enormous waste. About 30 million tonnes, nearly 30% of everything that is caught is death rejected overboard as non-compliant.

Hardship increased labor
In addition, trawling nets do not detail the seabed and buy up all forms of life. The huge metal rollers for hauling nets each year affect an area of ââseabed twice that of the United States! And another thirty million tons of fish caught are to be transformed into oil and meal for poultry feed, cattle, pigs, farmed fish, destroying more protein than livestock provides not for human consumption. To maintain the level of catch, the policies are the headlong: boat launching gear and more powerful, more efficient, resulting in a continual increase in operating costs of vessels. Hence the inexorable decline in profitability of fishing enterprises that governments offset by aid for the construction, equipment, stabilization of fuel prices, demolition of dilapidated boat ... In social terms, elongation and multiplication of trips, the speedup on the boats are all factors that have the effect of rendering more difficult the work of the fishermen.

Industrial plunder resources
Today in France, the fishing industry provides the bulk of the catch of fish and other marine resources. A difference should be noted between the offshore fishing, trawlers often performed on 30 to 50 meters for oil 10 to 15 days and the great fishing, practiced on the high seas for campaigns lasting several months on boats up 110 meters long. It is the latter that contributes the most, by far, the plundering of the resources of the planet since the 1960s there has been a rush of European fleets, Russian, Japanese, Korean and Chinese on the fish stocks in the country south. Local fishermen are seeing a continuing decline in their catch, while the industrial fishery products are intended for consumers in the North. As for artisanal fisheries, it is more diverse and employs the vast majority of workers. As in the South, the little sinners suffer damage from the industrialization of fishing.

Jacques Dubart (AL Agen)

[ 1 ] According to Greenpeace, the industrial fleet, armed ships of 35,000 represents only 1% of the world fleet, but more than 50% of the global fishing capacity.
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