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(en) Brazil, CAB: Socialism LibertÃriio Magazine #1 - Our Statement of Principles (pt) [machine translation]

Date Mon, 10 Dec 2012 14:08:05 +0200


"One in conception and practice of self-management have their specific production,
its own speech. have their own production of power, in this case, is people power." Uruguayan Anarchist Federation (FAU) ---- The especifismo, our chain of anarchism, particularly in Latin America, has been concerned more half a century with issues of popular power. In this text, we try to formalize relevant elements of this discussion, which today are shared by the organizations that constitute the CAB. Our popular conception of power is both a goal and a strategy, both of which provide the basis for a political practice grounded in historical and geographical context in which we operate in order to strengthen our intervention in the set of forces at play. It is not, thus, a purely theoretical or philosophical discussion, which aims merely to know the reality or reflect abstractly on it.

For us, anarchism is an ideology: "a set
of ideas, motivations, aspirations, values,
structure or system of concepts that have
a direct connection to the action - what we call
practice of politics. " [FARJ. Anarchism and Social
Organization]

We think that anarchism must
necessarily conceive of this policy in practice
inserted, and that is what we conceive
Our proposal of popular power, based on
a particular strategy for intervention
social, political practice, which can
boost our revolutionary goal and
socialist.

Anarchism and popular power

Anarchism arises during the century
XIX as a form of socialism, or
as one of its chains, which account
Today, with a long history in the struggle of
oppressed, involving clashes, achievements,
defeats, joys, sufferings and martyrdom.

"There are sacrifices, struggles, and dreams in blood
Within this concept of socialism. There
a long history of resistance. It is a
historical production linked to the yearnings
from below. It is not a science, but a
aspiration, a hope of human beings,
class, collective and oppressed peoples. "
[FAU / FAG. Wellington Gallarza and Malvina
Tavares: FAU-FAG work for a theory
libertarian political]


This long history of anarchism,
inseparable from the struggles that have taken place and still
occur in the system of domination in which we
insert constitutes an intense memory on
which constitute our ideological certainties,
guided by the principles which have been basing
the anarchist ideology. The long history of
Anarchism has accumulated in more than one
century of intense battles, lived and built
collectively from a rich set
experiments that sought the same
finalist objective: promoting social revolution
and consolidate a socialist and libertarian,
historically called libertarian socialism,
Libertarian communism or simply anarchy.
"The goal of the socialist project originating finalist
is the establishment of an egalitarian society,
a society [...] classless. " [CAZP. Alagoas
and the Popular Power] This goal provides the order of
dominance in general, both the holding
economic, as the other types of domination.
For us, it is essential to overcome the discussions
form of the terms in question, and perform a
approach that takes into account the content
fundamental anarchist proposal. Hence,
understand that anarchism has always been
guided since its inception in strategies
popular power. When Bakunin by
example, proposed a program for
intervention of anarchists in the Association
International Workers, did not
nothing but propose a project
popular power that could transform
society through a practice
revolutionary workers. We
assert, contrary to what have been
asserted that anarchism was never against
power but developed, while
Critical a particular type of power
(Domination) and propositions of another kind
power.

All practices anarchists forged
among the oppressed classes and had
and aim to make them protagonists
their struggles and their own process
emancipation and liberation were, and are,
for us, popular power projects. There
germs proposals of popular power in
popular struggles of the past and present.
So do not understand the idea
popular power is something new; anarchism,
as emphasized in its long history,
power projects developed some popular
always located within the landmarks featured
its principles.

--------------------------------------------
"There are sacrifices, struggles, and dreams in blood
Within this concept of socialism. There is a
long history of resistance. It is a production
historic linked to the desires of the low.
It is not a science but an aspiration, a
hope of human beings, classes, collective
and oppressed peoples. "
-------------------------------------------

When we reflect on the issue of
popular power, in reality, we resumed the part
significant theories and practices developed
by anarchists throughout history, but at the
same time, we chose some of them in
detriment of others. Furthermore, we have developed
own positions in order to revitalize issues
we consider fundamental to practice
appropriate policy with the context in which we
inserted.

The concept of power

They are different understandings of the concept-
to power in left field, and our
own defense of the concept of popular power, en-
tend to be necessary to define with some accuracy the
our concept of power.

We conceive of power as a relationship
from established social confrontation between
social forces, when one or more forces
impose themselves on others.

Any society has a relationship
between permanent and dynamic forces that are
game. Therefore, any society has relationships
power. Individuals, groups, social classes
have ability to perform, which may or
not become social forces. Thus,
distinguish these two concepts: "a
social force has determined capacity
realization. Ability to perform
can be understood as the possibility
producing a particular social force,
when put into action by the agent
the holds. " [Fabio Lopez. Power and Domain]
Thus, the ability to perform arises
in the realm of possibilities, an agent, a
group may have a capacity of
achievement, but turn this capability
in social force at the time that intervenes
the forces at play. The social force implies that
ability to exit the field of possibility
and becomes part of the field of reality.

One can not also confuse
social force with power. "Power can not be
mere synonym of social force, as to have
power is necessary to make use of his strength and
she take effect - or at least be able to use
this force (when it suits) and this is
enough to achieve the effect. " [Fabio
LÃpez. Power and Dominion] The power exists,
Indeed, when there is an imposition of will
agent or group of agents through
the social force that can mobilize to
superimpose the forces mobilized by those
opposed.

Power and domination

Talk to any society has
power relations does not mean, however,
say that all societies and all
social relations are based on
domination. That is why we consider
distinguish the fundamental concepts of power
and domination.

Domination is a kind of power that
characterized as an authoritarian,
against which we have mobilized
historically. Domination is a relationship
hierarchical power that can institutionalize
with each deciding what concerns
other and / or to all. She explains inequalities
Structural relationship involves command / obedience
between dominator / dominated, the alienation
dominated, among other things. It is the foundation
basic relations of classes, even if not
can reduce the domination of class domination.
[Alfredo Errandonea. Sociology of her domination]
Anarchism, since its inception, has been struggling
against the different relations of domination: between
social class, gender, race, etc. imperialists.
So anarchism is against a type of power
characterized by the domination that, unfortunately,
characterizes the model of hegemonic power in
capitalism.

In opposition to domination and the model
of power that characterizes the dominating power,
advocate self-management and federalism
Libertarian, characterized by a power model
self-management and federalism, called by us
popular power. Self-management and federalism are
the opposite of domination and involve
in planning and decision-making processes,
proportion to how much is affected by them,
personal, group or collectively. Its application
generally entails replacing one
system of domination by a society
egalitarian / libertarian.

"We can say that self-management would be in
Overall, the effective power of decision
all the political, economic,
social; not performed from top to bottom, the
from the dome, but from bottom to top, the
from the base. Definition that encompasses several
fields: forms of political organization,
organization of production processes
and services, education, cultural and
ideological. Self-management, so conceived,
to the extent that we believe it to be
implied, is a whole concept that needs
consistent elements for an authentic
development. Implies a transformation
radical, not just economic - as,
limited form is often treated - but
also political and ideological. Self-management
bodies not subject to the submission to
and obedience to the command, but tends to
destroy, to discontinue the current notion of
politics as something for a caste,
another giving content to the concept:
making, by his own hand, the various
social agencies at all levels and
without intermediaries, the issues that
compete in order to build an order
social on these bases. This also
policy involves socializing, not deconstruct
your specific space, but think of it from a
other way. "[FAU. Power, Self-Management and
Class Struggle: an approach to the issue]

As we will seek to demonstrate,
our conception of power is popular
grounded in notions of self-management
and libertarian federalism as opposed to
domination. Therefore we differentiate power
of domination, the power we hold,
constructed from the idea of ââself
and federalism, forms the foundation of our
concept of popular power and opposes radically
domination.

The concept of people power

As we have emphasized, we understand that
"The power is not necessarily unpopular";
"People power must exist to oppress legitimate
plans of tyranny, which always arise in
heads of some agents. " [Fabio Lopez. Power and
Domain] So our project with people power
becomes a tool, a type of counter
the existing power, characterized by domination.

In terms of macro-social, we can say
we conceive power as a popular model
general power of guided self-management
and established by the oppressed classes in
relation to the dominant classes, which provides
the foundations for a new society. The power
popular, well conceived, seeks suppression
of capitalism and the state of relations
domination in general, replacing them
a new power structure established
from workplace and housing, only
may consolidate, thus, through an
revolutionary process.

Oppose our project with people power
domination implies, necessarily,
a fight hard against social forces
mobilized fundamentally Classes
dominant. Amid the class struggle, which
characterizes the system of domination in which
we operate, we have a very
clear as part of the oppressed classes - have
we understand anarchism as a
ideology of the oppressed classes - boost
a process according to the capacity of
achievement in these classes and social forces, from
his intervention as popular movements,
able to impose our force the ruling classes,
end the domination and establish this power
popular, based on generalized self-management. The
popular power must therefore be built by
strength of the oppressed from the communion of
certain principles, united in solidarity in
its diversity and with the same goal.

"This is not about putting the name of popular power
the old familiar forms of political action and
representation that exclude people of every instance
key decision. Therefore, it is not
simply take the dominant classes
Current centralized political power, rather than diffusing
so, decentralize it in popular bodies of
turn it into something else. To turn it on
a new political and social structure. Seize power
is to take power in the factories, in the fields,
mines, in the factories, in schools, in hospitals,
power plants, in the media, in
universities, and the power of workers and is
when people are bodies controlled by them
broadly democratic and participatory, where
those who take, appropriate functions
guardianship exercised since the state sphere. "[FAG.
Declaration of Principles]

People power is thus the same
both a goal and a strategy advocated
especifista by anarchism. He approaches
our libertarian ideal of a power project
essential to carry out the breaks that
imply the achievement of our goal and finalist
has no relation with prevailing concepts
the "seizure of power" from institutions
domination, as in the case of the State, either
reformist or revolutionary way.

The design of our current strategic

The strategic coherence that marks
anarchist intervention in reality
based on the notion, for us quite
obvious that the goal is to condition the
this strategy and the tactics. That is, the means
utilize lead necessarily
purposes consistent with them. If we put

=====================================
"Although the power is a popular
long-term project (when the force
of the oppressed classes overcomes the forces
the ruling classes), it starts
develop and become stronger from
experiences of mobilization and struggle
short term, forged on needs
immediate population. Thus,
build popular power requires a
immediate action and not wait for
relation to other factors that may
bring it effortlessly as it is in
This company that develops the
embryo of the future society. "
====================================
popular power as a goal
strategy to be achieved through a process
revolutionary mobilization and struggle, not
There is not as devise strategies and tactics
consistent with this goal and we
make walking towards them. This project
strategic anarchism especifista
characterized by that we basically
called building popular power and
the creation of a strong people. In this sense
that the power gain popular also a
fundamental strategic role.


We affirm that the basis of popular power is
self-management and federalism libertarian, so
this strategic process of mobilization and struggle,
understand that self-management and federalism
must substantiate the basis of our program
intervention in the creation and participation
popular movements. Among the various
strategies advocated by historically
anarchists, our strategy of popular power
characterized by constitute a strategy of
masses. That means we want to contribute
with the organization of the masses so that they
can be protagonists of their struggles, and short
long term, taking responsibility both for his
achievements and improvements in day-to-day, but also
the process of revolutionary transformation,
emancipate and liberate the complements.

"Although it is a popular power project
Long-term (on the strength of the classes
overcomes the forces of the oppressed classes
dominant), he begins to develop
and becomes stronger from the experiences of
mobilization and struggle short term, forged
on the immediate needs of the population.
So build popular power requires a
immediate action and not wait over
other factors that may bring him without
greater efforts, as it is in this society
that the embryo develops in society
future. "[OASL. Anarchism and especifista
popular power]

Therefore, we hold that the power
popular has to start being built in the fight
popular, organized and carried out by
various sectors of the oppressed classes in
around the immediate issues, aiming
Breakdown processes deeper.
Build popular power and create a people
strongly imply, in addition to the struggles of
short-term move to medium and struggles
long term and therefore have advocated
popular organization in a front of class
oppressed, which can strengthen the permanent
social force of the dominated classes, put-
in direct opposition to the forces deployed
by the dominant classes. Such a process
popular organization, must be forged "as
result of a convergence process
of various social organizations and different
popular movements, which are the result of
class struggle. " [FARJ. Social Anarchism
and Organization] This is the rearticulate
oppressed around a common project
social transformation.

Among the various tools
for the expansion of existing social force
is the organization. When we set
grassroots organizing and participating
them with a particular program,
we believe we are enhancing
forces of the oppressed classes from this
important tool. "Building power
popular thus implies outset organize new
social movements and integrating movements
existing defending a position
strengthening permanent. And he can only
arise and be carried out with and for the people, while
Class. "[OASL. Anarchism and especifista
Popular Power] In our intervention in
to create popular movements and
to join, we rely on principles
allowing boosting mass struggles
that can contribute in strengthening the
our project of popular power; independence
and class solidarity, militancy and
direct action, direct democracy, self-management
and federalism. These principles, defended
historically by anarchists within the
popular struggles, we have inspired and
a guide for self-managed organization in
order to build popular power.

Build popular power means
build other power relations which place
the dominant powers in check, its structures
and economic institutions, political, legal,
military, ideological, cultural, and finally, the status
quo. It is daring to defeat the system
domination and realize, in full solidarity
of popular struggle, the accumulation of social
needed to disrupt social relations
imposed by the dominant classes and by means of
social conflict, move, accumulate, leverage
and break the current systemic structures.
This strategy can only contribute to this
accumulation process and rupture strength
if you are working in our own
political practices, which must demonstrate a
consonance between speeches and actions.

We understand that creating
a strong people can only occur if the
struggles of popular movements are
based on self-management. It is only
expanded participation mechanisms, which
libertarian and egalitarian means imply that
understand power to encourage the strengthening
popular way to create the subjects capable of
accomplish this transformation of social bases as
ample. Arrange the different expressions of
popular struggle according to our principles is to create
a strong people, a factor essential for the
success of our strategy.

The subjects are not revolutionaries
historical data for a historical position
mechanistic and deterministic, nor reach the
consciousness and the light through the actions of self-
claimed vanguards.

"To build strong people and people power
is necessary to construct the subject of change,
since these are not given a priori. [...] The
The subjects revolutionary structure
economic-policy is a starting point, but
not mechanically defines social agents
transformers. [...] However, workers
pending and until we recognize
have willingly, still plays
Breeding gear system. Create
political capacity in people to develop their
potential organizational and practical, these potential
that the people themselves have already latently
since it deals with everyday situations
work and problems of everyday social life. "
[CAZP. Alagoas and Popular Power]

The new guy, able to build
project power to defend popular, must,
therefore necessarily be (re) built. The
intervention that we have through our practical
Search this reconstruction policy in the fight against
fragmentation of the social fabric, completely

=================================================
"The problem of power in a decisive
profound social transformation can only be
resolved at the political level, through struggle
policy. And this requires a particular form
organization: a political organization
revolutionary. Only through your action,
rooted in the masses, it is possible to achieve
the destruction of the bourgeois state apparatus and
its replacement by mechanisms of power
popular. "
=================================================

frayed by the practices of domination, and the
accumulation of daily struggles that generate knowledge and
relevant practices with transformative potential.
"It is, therefore, within the struggles that builds
popular power, and consequently other guy
history, both personal and collective. A
subject that is not determined a priori, but
historically, within the movements' struggles
social. "[OASL. Especifista Anarchism and Power
Popular] We must be convinced that this
new subject should carry with it the idea of ââa
new world, with another form of organization
social, and he is able to empower themselves,
protagonists and transform reality in which
is inserted.

The role of the specific anarchist organization

Although we are defending
power as a popular strategy
masses does not mean giving up a
another essential element in our view,
in the construction of popular power, it is the
specific anarchist organization.

"The problem of power in a decisive
profound social transformation can only
be resolved at the political level, through struggle
policy. And this requires a particular form
organization: a political organization
revolutionary. Only through your action,
rooted in the masses, it is possible to achieve
the destruction of the bourgeois state apparatus and
its replacement by mechanisms of power
popular. "[FAU. The Political Organization
Anarchist]

The specific anarchist organization,
this revolutionary body politic,
thus constitutes a central element
in our strategy of popular power. Not
towards authoritarian and substituÃsta that
overwhelms the capacity of the oppressed classes
in the process of social transformation, or
want to replace this fight. The organization
anarchist is understood by us as
an agent that works like yeast or
engine of popular struggles, "the organization
Politics is not direction, but, above all, a
motor struggles. " [CAZP. Alagoas and Power
Popular] This is a differentiation between
the character of an active minority, which attach to
our political organizations (political)
and the character of the vanguard organizations
authoritarian policies in what concerns
their relations with popular movements (level
social).

"Unlike the vanguard organization, the
politically organized and active minority, who
acts with ethics, has no respect for hierarchy
domain and not in relation to the social level.
For us, as we have emphasized, the levels of political and
social are complementary. [...] The political level
complements the societal level, and the level
complements the social policy. Contrary to
propose authoritarians, the ethics of horizontality
that works within the specific organization
anarchist is reproduced in its relationship with
social movements. When in contact with the
social level, the specific anarchist organization
acting with ethics and not seek positions of privilege,
does not impose his will, not mastered, never disappoints
not alienate, not judged superior, not fight for
social movements or in front of them. [...] The
goal is the active minority, ethically, stimulate,
stand together shoulder to shoulder. "[FARJ. Anarchism
Social and Organization]

It is therefore to sustain
a complementary relationship in
anarchist organization that empowers
popular movements and these, in
instead, are the priority for
anarchist political practice. In this relationship
between self-managed anarchist organization
and movements, drives up the program
anarchist, based on its principles
fundamental and its strategy, so
rebuild the social fabric, organize
oppressed classes, among them the boost
self-management practices and move towards
building popular power.

For us anarchists Especifists,
build popular power therefore implies
a practice twofold as members of the
oppressed classes, we organize
in popular movements around
large associations that add militants
different ideologies, at the same time as
anarchists organize ourselves, guided by
our ideological positions, to intervene in
reality more adequately. For

===============================================
"The political level complements the social level,
as well as the social level complements
political. Rather than propose the
authoritarian ethics that horizontality
specific functions within the organization
anarchist is reproduced in its relationship with
social movements. When in contact
the social level, the organization esp
ecÃfica anarchist acts ethically and not
seek positions of privilege, does not impose
His will, not mastered, no tricks, no
alienated, not judged superior, not fight for
social movements or in front of them. [...]
The purpose of the minority is active, ethically,
stimulate, being together shoulder to shoulder. "
===============================================

Therefore, we advocate be fundamental affinity
ideological, theoretical, strategic and practice these
anarchist organizations, which have as
foundation accountability and discipline
of its members, always guided by the ethics
anarchist.

The system of domination and anarchist project of popular power

The struggle against domination implies
analytical methods and theories for understanding
criticism of the reality in which we operate.
We characterize the system of domination
as a structure contemporary
dominatrix based relations
the different social spheres, and has the
struggle between classes with antagonistic interests
its most relevant.

Capitalism, the State and the different
structures and institutions that contribute to
the establishment of this system should be
suppressed. We must analyze and criticize
realities, the forces at play, the players
question, our enemies, allies and concrete
potential. This analysis, together with our
Our goal finalist and set of strategies
and tactics, our project is strategic for
intervention and transformation of society.

We believe that, while there
a system of domination, there will be struggles
emancipation of the oppressed, who have
genuine teachings to our project
popular power. It is amid these resistances
we believe that anarchism must
be provided with all the diversity that
characterized popular in the various terrains
which we operate, we must strengthen the values
libertarians who ideologically enable the
existence of this project.

The economic domination, characterized
of the capitalist exploitation, the dominations
policies, characterized by the division of society
in rulers and the ruled and the oppressions
carried out by brute force, by coercion,
both driven by the state, the dominations
of cultural and ideological, based
the ideas that circulate and strengthen this
system - all these must be dominations
fought for us. The culture and ideology
produced by systems of domination create
subject individualistic identities without them
binding to the oppressed classes, completely
incorporated into the capitalist system, that is
also a significant problem, which also
we must face.

The power project popular anarchist
countered in all these levels of domination,
self-managed alternatives to fighting, "generating
spaces and incentives for participation in
unions, cooperatives, community centers
and student, in organizations and in protest
claims: for work, health, housing, land. "
[FAU. Power, Class Struggle and Self-Management]

In these distinct practices is essential
sustentemos that the recovery of the economy and
policy on the part of the oppressed classes, so
as the stimulus for the development of
class identities and cultures of the different
oppressed, and also the diffusion of an ethics
guided by values, means that should underpin
Our popular power project.

The CAB and the construction of popular power

Our proposal of anarchism, as
yeast and motor capable of propelling the
popular struggles, national and continental
it is therefore completely bound to
this project of popular power that continue
drive, a strategy and a goal
we judge to be consistent over time and the
place in which we operate.

The anarchist ideology is to
us, the bedrock of our practice
policy; conceive, therefore, that our
have transformative ideas from
our practical intervention actually
materiality required to intervene in
interplay of forces which characterizes the system
domination in which we operate and seek
turn it to the practices of intent
we are revolutionary features.

It is not enough just to want utopia
libertarian socialism, we must walk
in his direction. Our power project
popular seems appropriate to address this
challenge, basing our tireless
interventions, since the most common questions,
daily, short-term, even those that
involving strategic planning for medium
and long term.

The CAB aims to boost
a power project in popular locations
in which it operates, making the spark of anarchism
that should ignite the popular movements,
towards our ideal of socialism and freedom.

Struggling, creating, popular power!
_________________________________________
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