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(en) Chile, Politics and Society #27 - Contents + Editorial (ca) [machine translation]

Date Tue, 04 Dec 2012 17:37:31 +0200

Contents ---- Editorial ---- Social struggles, state violence and prospects in the context of resetting the opposition to capital ---- Education and social change: a view from Colombia ---- Strategies criminalization and social movement responses ---- Notes on the experience of popular power in times of UP ---- Traces of utopia. The self experience of four Chilean schools in 2011 ---- What is anarchist communism? ---- Editorial ---- In the previous issue of PyS we mentioned the increase of social struggle that has been recorded in recent times in the country, which motivated us to think of a new cycle of conflict and even to raise upward resetting of the popular and opposition to the model. While this semester has not had a great intensity in the fight, it is clear that the country is experiencing a different climate from about 5 years ago. Think this new cycle of clashes between classes, which opened for some time, leads to the reflection that the processes are not necessarily linear.

Thus, fluctuations experienced by the conflict between antagonistic classes gradually become evident when we look at the social events that have occurred in recent times in Chilean society.

These small changes in the political and class consciousness that have managed the various sectors in the society have been perceived the current power bloc, which has been awkwardly adjusting their responses to the crisis of legitimacy and undeniable political force in model the country. These measures have aimed primarily to contain and dismantle the popular movements and organizations that continue in the process of strengthening and maturing. At the same time, given the persistence of social mobilization, sectoral or regional, has been the increase and sophistication of the repressive state apparatus.

The increase in these various conflicts, whose background is the struggle and class antagonism, and had been going a few years ago, but has reached levels that would have been difficult to predict a decade ago. Without being in a pre-revolutionary process, let alone something like this, we intend to reflect on the issue of repression as a strategy that fits the dominant bloc in a political context in more open social conflict. From our village, urgently required, therefore, discussion and reflection on the role of violence in political action and the safeguards that are supposed to ship these conflicts bourgeois right. To this end we interviewed the historian Sergio Grez Toso, that we share their vision of these issues. We have also included a text of lawyer Julio Cortes on strategies of criminalization of protest and the role they play in the current political context. As an editorial board, and as part of the libertarian communist camp, we believe that careful reflection on these issues will equip ourselves to meet the political criteria times ahead. At the same time, this reflection will help us avoid outdated tactics or idealized.

By the left, and more critically in sectors revolutionary struggles intensified involves having to devote its energies on providing answers and solutions to problems and short-term quotas, at the risk of losing sight of the objectives beyond. Precisely because of this problem believe it is necessary to approach the discussion "on the horizons of the long-term struggle" (central theme of this edition). In that sense, although the prospect of popular power narrows a defined orientation for our sector, also remains a series of propositions too abstract or general. Thus such proposals require thought to the dilemmas facing and will face the popular movement. This deepening exercise should be in multiple directions: building program, social articulation strategy, among others. This is a huge task and as a magazine we can only bring certain items to these discussions. In that spirit we have included a text by Leopoldo Montenegro on the experiences of people power during the Popular Unity government, as well as a review of the book "Traces of Utopia", which discusses the realization of self-management perspectives in the field of struggles in education.

In that sense, we think inside the revolutionary intent left unresolved there is a discussion, and we do not believe that will be resolved in the short term. While some place their bets in the municipal elections, or talk about a constituent assembly (both institutional decisions about social conflict), others do struggle on multiple platforms or exercising social sectors building programs through social institutions wide. However, the forms of construction and remain somewhat accumulation produced by the left bit. For this discussion we found relevant to understand what has been done elsewhere. So we took advantage of interviewing the Colombian educator Marco Raul Mejia, who in addition to referring to the processes of the popular struggle for their country and how they have taken to build a strong social fabric, we discussed issues as diverse as the principles that should guarantee peace in Colombia or the role of teachers in the discussion of new forms of education. Looking continental trends we find the same struggles that we are part of, but with the advantage of having them in perspective.

About the electoral situation, as well as revolutionary anarchists but we are convinced that a sustained social transformation process from the state apparatus has clear limits and structural weaknesses. Our position is to build strong grassroots, independent and autonomous class against bourgeois institutions. That's one of the lessons of the period of the Popular Unity government and the coup that gave the term. While no text in this issue specifically addresses this issue, you will find lights along with many pages of this magazine. In this connection, the text of the experiences of the People in times of UP also draw lines on the complex relationship of the popular movement with the institutional apparatus. Also in the interview with S. Greg can find their particular position in front of the municipal elections in October.

As concerns us avoid postures magazine decontextualized or ahistorical about these joints. We believe that the key questions facing these processes are: What is at stake in this election, What roads open and what closes roads?, And who can earn and what builds? Given this we believe that in this municipal election of 2012 not in play any significant popular construction process, or to open or to close the roads that the working class is opening slowly. By the same token, as the elections seem a central element, neither is the make-election campaign. However, we also assume that our vision is limited. We know the reality of all the counties, let alone all the regions that make this strip of land. However, we risk raising the stakes election, in the current period, it serves as a space to build social spaces that point to revolutionary social change. And this by a combination of practical facts: that bodies are still embryonic and popular mainly because the bourgeois institutional framework allows catalyzing Popular routes to the current model. Therefore, be part of the current electoral game not only legitimizes all injustices inherited from the authoritarian regime, but even they are not suitable for the processes of change and maturation that this society needs. This little reflection could be expanded much more as it needs deep analysis and decision class position. That is, we take it up at all times (not just in the election), it is an ongoing task that we as struggling sectors. Therefore, we invite our readers to help us nurture these and other considerations that are relevant to address the process of building a classless society without exploitation.

Health and Social Revolution

Already street number 27 of "Politics and Society"

The journal "Politics and Society" (formerly "Man and Society") reached number 27, corresponding to the austral spring 2012.

Can be found in various outlets of Santiago and regions can also be ordered at the following email: distribucion.pys @ gmail.com
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