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(en) France, Alternative libertaire #221 - Mayotte: Out with the exception policies (fr) [machine translation]

Date Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:25:35 +0200


Indian Ocean island, Mayotte, like other Dom, is marked by the discount on migration issues. The arrival of a leftist government may well not change that much ... Mayotte, island of the Comoros archipelago, has been marked in recent months by several dramas that illustrate the fact that the policy of France settled there around specific provisions in this area, provisions are inconsistent respect the most basic human rights. The new Interior Minister, Manuel Valls, decided by a circular dated July 7, 2012, to end the detention of families and therefore children in detention centers, offering instead house arrest for families. But this shall not apply in Mayotte, a territory which is not governed by the code of entry and residence of foreigners, but by a law of exception. Therefore, children continue to be detained and deported in Mayotte.

Children in detention

The death of an infant two months detention center Pamandzi, August 16, then came to remember the cruelty and cynicism of maintaining this exception, if need be. The minister then explained that the situation warranted this Mayotte sprain.

As stated in the Cimade expulsion involved almost 6000 children in Mayotte in 2010, a figure which could gloat the prefect of the time, in defiance of the law [ 1 ]. And it is unfortunately topical, as the means deployed to monitor the inlet between Mayotte and Anjouan, Comoros Island nearest distance of about 60 km.

Rising tensions

However, with the departmentalization of Mayotte, canceling this policy drastically possibilities of movement between the islands of the archipelago, may well increase tension between populations and feed major setbacks.

The living conditions of migrants and migrant, having virtually no possibility of regularization against an administration increasingly suspicious, and trying to escape controls more frequent, leading to accept many clandestine employment . Hardening of status differences between Mayotte and French Mahoran and migrants actually created the conditions for a volatile situation, completing the break family and social ties that existed between the islands yet.

Towards the end of Balladur visa?

Posted July 18, 2012, the report Sueur, the Senator of Loiret, book proposals for various Mayotte [ 2 ], whose No. 24, which calls for "ending" Balladur visa "that has no ending illegal immigration and substitute an award visas more realistic and rigorous in order to better control immigration. "

This proposal, marked with the seal of realism, yet provoked opposition from some local elites. Years of repressive policies have indeed widened absurd significant differences among populations, where the soil sowing practices of rejection and stigmatization ... Hopefully dissenting voices will be heard on the island in favor of measures to prevent the continuation of such forms of legal exceptions, serious consequences in terms of human lives.

VB (AL 93)

[ 1 ] See www.cimade.org and specifications Special Common Causes, "Mayotte, tear," July 2012. See also the paper Upanga: www.upanga.com.

[ 2 ] See "Mayotte: a new department faces serious challenges" on www.senat.fr
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