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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire #221 - Graphic industry: the rotating pressure (fr) [machine translation]

Date Sat, 01 Dec 2012 12:44:04 +0200


In 1974 the report Lecat said that "France has no vocation graphics." This was the beginning of the employers' offensive against a sector workers very combative and highly structured. In the coming weeks of hard battles or sign new major defeats, a reversal in favor of the workers. ---- There was a time not so long ago when every publisher had its industrial unit, which gave considerable force to employees, as markets were made captives. Gradually publishers have completely disengaged to competition between providers. All sectors are thus affected by a decrease in commercial rates that lead our industry bosses to pay employees the final grade. Meanwhile publishers' profits swell without it benefits employees editorials seats ... That's capture by the editors of the wealth produced throughout the chain, journalist zinio that destabilizes the entire profession.

Unemployed in daily press!

Social plans which succeed since 1976 were used to pay off the massive destruction of jobs, more related to a dizzying modernization as lower volumes. The daily press has gone through the period of early retirement with structural socially negotiated well with keeping up retirement compensation close to the salary. For the first time, real unemployment is increasing with the disappearance of France-Soir and La Tribune and the restructuring of the printing of the World. A component "young", endorsed by the Federation Filpac-CGT union but rejected by the majority Paris (SGLCE), which still provides three years of training paid undermines the management of employment by the early departure of older. Very weak numerically, the sector is mobilized even if the wages for example, employee-es undergo a real stall.

In the distribution of the press, Presstalis (ex-NMPP) and its subsidiaries are confronted more sharply to a drastic reduction of jobs without social support. Thousand jobs could be lost in 2500 and up to 20 000 jobs would be affected cascade (disappearance of small private publishers distribution custodians province, drivers ...). Here, the challenge for employers is twofold since the workload did nothing missing on the one hand they try to switch to complete the work subcontracted to companies in social status off (and here the workers pay the price agreements successive dévitalisaient more each time NMPP) on the other hand, publishers want to achieve the liberalization of distribution and at the end of mutualisation of costs, ideological issue etched in stone Sarkozy of "States General of the press." Yet even the big publishers may bitterly regret when it comes to pay for each distribution! The particularity of Presstalis is to be a "cooperative" managed by the publishers themselves. It is they who set the rates and services quality requirements. As users, they always require more then that as managers they block rates below actual costs and then be surprised of being "in the red"! The back wall of the workers concerned are their all! Actions initiated strikes and blockades securities will increase. The state, which financially supports the distribution on behalf of pluralism must finally take responsibility for the reconstruction of a distribution ensuring the presence of all newspaper titles (especially information policy) and ensuring social status of employee-es.

The work destroyed

The defeat of the working branch printing (brochures, magazines, books ...) is visible in the collective agreement. For the first time this year, the branch that was so long envied end up with the first four levels of the pay scale below the minimum wage! Heroic battles repeatedly failed to prevent the systematic destruction of corporate collusion with government, publishers and leaders cynical by sizeable companies and the formation of giant Quebecor group in which shareholders n ' have not made a penny investment to pump up profits exhaustion material while playing lower prices to capture key accounts.

New poor

Thousands of unemployed have more time to read printed works to China with a surcharge for maximum ecological repatriation! Fifty percent books, 90% of BD, 70% of magazines are printed outside the country, posing as a democratic problem, because the day we no longer have the necessary industrial newspaper and book ... The height is reached with the French Games, state enterprise profits shining, which closed its printing Montreuil to go to Canada's print tickets (but what Montebourg!).

Routing subscribers more resistant because the securities must yet be filed with the Poste in France. But publishers are trying to break down the companies that maintain a status inherited from previous decades. Perfectly coordinated strike despite fierce competition from their bosses, September 20, workers BHR and France-routing (in 77) have sent a clear signal to publishers to protect their jobs and their status. By January, the stakes will mobilize employee-es around strengthening their collective agreement. Tens of thousands of jobs today are concerned with absolute precariousness and miserable wages: press delivery, leaflet distribution, most kiosquiers ... Latest graphic links in the chain, they are also the most abused and the most weakly unionized explaining one another ...

Imagining the Future

Defend jobs and workers in our statutes professions should not stop to think about the major social issues. For example, is it really necessary to print flyers? Or, if the defense of political pluralism and cultural expansion (books and journals philosophical, historical, poetic ...) may justify public funding to immunize private initiative alone the ability to select which can be edited, it is acceptable for large industrial and financial groups that control the daily press receive aid? Is it acceptable that aid is absorbed by the peoples journals and press TV?

Jean-Yves Lesage (AL 93)
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