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(en) France, Alternative Libertair #220 - Denmark: Christiania built on sand + Supportive public finance: The old shed its skin SNUI (fr) [machine translation]

Date Sun, 04 Nov 2012 14:26:24 +0200


Denmark: Christiania built on sand ---- Self largest district in Europe and alternative life experience which will celebrate its 41 years this month, the neighborhood of Christiania in Copenhagen lives tormented hours since power has made up his mind to expel its inhabitants and residents . Resistance was organized, but it is hard to cope. --- For forty years, the neighborhood of Christiania in Copenhagen welcomes those who want to try a new form of community life. Located on a former military abandoned the original inhabitants - squatters according to the authorities - decided in 1971 to establish a free city. The area known quickly renown as well as laboratory social and cultural experiences as a place of drugs.

Soon, the city built collectives created by various activities, or thematic areas in which residents are encouraged to get involved to strive for autonomy, which was unfortunately never fully achieved. These groups play a major role in the success of Christiania, especially to anticipate many problems. By booking a large space to agricultural crops - the area is spread over 34 hectares - or by sharing tools and skills, collectives have risen to the challenge of autonomy while practicing self in everyday life. Christiania has also sought to maintain systematic contacts with the world of medicine and law to ensure its independence. Offering those who want ample space to express themselves and develop their artistic activity, Christiania has constantly grown and now has over a thousand people - including fifty births over forty years.

Forty years of self

Despite its significant successes since its foundation, Chistiana is in conflict with the Danish authorities. For a long time past closed their eyes on the progress of activities Christiania, seeing the 'marginal' s choosing to "self-park" behind the brick walls of the old barracks, thus facilitating monitoring. This concentration also provides a financial benefit, the inhabitants and residents of Christiania earning a minimum income - the equivalent of our RSA - lower than the other inhabitants of Copenhagen. The situation could have stopped there, but it was not counting land pressure faced by urban centers. In 2006, based on the fact that the presence of the inhabitants was only tolerated by the city that had never sold the land occupied, the government had no difficulty to outlaw the current occupation.

Painful compromises

Start the first demolitions and accompanying protests. In 2011, residents are offered to buy plots. When we know that most people are just coming to Christiania to give merchants the links, we measure the cynicism of the decision. Discussions around this "proposal" gives rise to heated debates within the community, but ultimately the choice of partial redemption wins a narrow majority. The second generation of people sees the only way to pursue the ideal of "free city." The group also decided to establish a fund to build a building capable of accommodating older who can never pay anyway habitat. This decision, though ensuring the survival of temporarily Christiania, still leaves deep divisions between groups, tensions still unsettled at the moment, to the delight of the Danish Conservative parties. Harassed by the government, highlighted in tourist guides who try to turn into attraction, Christiania lives today perhaps the most serious crisis of its existence. His forty years of ideals nonetheless resolutely modern time when merchants are the headquarters of the largest free city in Europe.

Nico (Paris North East)


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Supportive public finance: The old shed its skin SNUI

From 19 to 21 June, the Union Solidarity SNUI South Treasury held its 28th congress in Albi. Among the most militant in a sector where social unrest is well established, the union changed its name during the last Congress for Partners Public Finance.
Directorate of Public Finance (DGFIP) is amalgamated in 2008 and tax administrations of the Treasury. Since 2007, it is not less than 15,000 job cuts, or the non-replacement of 3 of 4 starts to retire, has already undergone DGFIP, and the new government plans to cut another [ 1 ]. Faced with the deterioration of working conditions and public service after this case, the officers DGFIP were often at the forefront of struggles in recent years. Strike against the merger in spring 2008, which saw dozens of sites blocked by strikers than the fall of 2010 against the pension reform which DGFIP were among the highest strike rate, social protest is deeply rooted in this sector. The two main unions Solidarity and the CGT, and the presence of a mass trade unionism and land in this administration is a key to understanding class relations that are played.

In the first elections in post-merger joint committees in 2011, Partners led with 33% of the vote before the CGT and FO with 29% with 20%. 3% progressed solidarity and consolidated its top position. Most of the activists on the ground are Solidarity trade unionists and the CGT. The latter accepts the unity of action with Solidarity. FO was the majority union "hand in hand with the directors" in the old Treasury, came to keep playing posture radical its public expression.

Reaffirmation of political independence

Solidarity Public Finance is the largest union of the Trade Union Solidarity with just over 20,000 members (about 100,000 in the Union). Its general approach that can characterize today combative and anti-liberal citizen is distinguished from other unions more openly anti-capitalist South. Thus, the reaffirmation of the political independence of the trade union at the conference last June is not neutral as it is a left-wing government is now in power. The decision to change the name - 72% - was also the occasion of lively debate, a minority seeing a willingness to radicalization in the adoption of the name Solidarity! Radicalization, and that's the whole point of union action, it is in the struggle and in the street hears the Solidarity build in the coming months.

Jean-Luc (AL Rennes)

[ 1 ] The government plans to cut 2,500 jobs in 2013, according to Le Monde on 2 August 2012.
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