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(en) Venezuela: For a libertarian and emancipated society, fascism will not come to pass! by Federación Anarquista Revolucionaria de Venezuela - FARV (ca, it)
Sat, 29 Sep 2012 16:47:35 +0200
1st communique of the FARV before the presidential elections of October 7, 2012. -- The
Revolutionary Anarchist Federation of Venezuela, formed by libertarian communist groups
and individuals in the cities of Caracas, Valencia, Maracay and Barquisimeto, presents the
following statement: ---- Black storms shake the air. Capitalism and the international
economic powers seek to recapture the spaces that they are losing in Our America, they
seek to chain us again, they seek to make the local history of the north-west an overall
design for the peoples of the world. We are aware that the situation of October 7 is not a
mere inter-bourgeois conflict, but a scene of class struggle and anti-colonial
confrontation. ---- As anarchists, we recognise the possiblities that have been generated
from the strained State/Organised Communities link, translated into undeniable
achievements in relation to the social and popular rights that the current Bolivarian
process has resulted in among the Venezuelan people.
It would be foolish and unrealistic to say that no progress has been made in meeting the
social and political needs of the historically excluded population in this country due to
the struggles of the Venezuelan people. However, we also recognise the limitations of this
link that, beyond the many errors and failures – owing to the hierarchical, bourgeois and
reactionary nature of any state – tends to dam up the potential of the Venezuelan people
in the construction of a society where capitalist hegemony is eradicated and economic,
social and political organisation predominates through a true socialist, collective and
assembly-based popular power of direct democracy. As anarchists we know that this
deepening process is constituted as a collective and common task for the Venezuelan people
and, therefore, should not be abandoned to the conditions that the tactical link with the
Bolivarian state today raises.
No state is revolutionary: revolutions are made by the people. Therefore, before the
upcoming presidential elections on October 7, we maintain a strong position not to let the
traitorous and fascist bourgeois puntofijista right retake the reins of the national
government, and emphasise our commitment to fight for the deepening of the Revolution .
(Puntofijista refers to a power sharing agreement of the bourgeois parties, L.G.)
We know that historically anarchists of all kinds have been against bourgeois elections
and all the trappings of the electoral show. As anarchists we do not validate this circus.
States do not make revolutions, but they can destroy them. Therefore it is not surprising
that, in certain specific and concrete junctures there have been examples in the world of
electoral political participation by anarchist sectors, for instance the Spanish elections
of 1936 where the Spanish proletarian people, many of them anarchists of both the National
Confederation of Labour (CNT) and the Iberian Anarchist Federation (FAI), gave their
support to the Popular Front against groups and parties of the Iberian right-wing that
quickly carried out the coup in July of that same year.
The same people that went to the polls were those who, months later, made possible one of
the most glorious moments of the world proletariat, bringing into reality Libertarian
Communism and Anarchy. Similarly, the Party for the People's Victory in Uruguay was
founded on libertarian influences from the Uruguayan Anarchist Federation, whose members,
among others, were great fighters that fought the southern dictatorships of decades past.
The junctures and peculiarities of each struggle are not a new issue. At a meeting
celebrated in Biel (Switzerland), on the fiftieth anniversary of the Saint-Imier Congress,
Bertroni and Malatesta raised the question of what the actions of the anarchists should be
in the face of possible social revolutions that were not libertarian.
“It was not about describing a revolution like that which we want, an anarchist revolution
would be possible if all, or at least the great majority of inhabitants of a determined
territory were anarchists. It was seeking the best that could be done in favour of the
anarchist cause in a social revolution that may occur in the present reality.” (1)
But, this exercise of imagination in favour of anarchism, of placing oneself before the
outbreak of a possible revolution, found opponents in the libertarian camp:
“The comrades shine much light upon the question and the friend and comrade Colomer is not
scandalised nor indignant. If these are new issues for him, anarchists are not frightened
of new ideas.” (2)
A hypothetical situation to Malatesta is now a reality confronting revolutionary
All this allows us to express that historical circumstances can not be ruled out when
evaluating our participation in constructing revolutionary socialist spaces. Action and
theory can not be divorced from reality, from the unfolding historical political context
where we act. We are firm in the conviction that the possibility of a genuine radical
revolutionary change has deep roots, is alive in the creative powers of the people in the
communities who struggle to set the country on the path of social transformation and who
support comrade Hugo Rafael Chavez Frias. We are convinced, as experience shows us, that
in the grassroots lies the germ of a new communal society.
At the present moment there are already many examples of activities which, while not
defined as anarchist, undoubtedly exhibit in their daily lives libertarian practices:
communities that have a certain degree of social production, of self-management and
self-organised security (January 23 Collectives, Alexis Vive Collective, Montaraz
Collective, and others); community radio that do not conform to opinions contrary to the
popular cause and which self-identify as libertarian (community radios of the north of
Barquisimento, Waraira Repano, Toromaima Rebelde, Sanareña Community Radio, sites like La
Guarura and the like). The Movement of the “Homeless”, the “Communities in Charge”, the
“Our America Project”, the Ezequiel Zamora Peasant Front and very many other groups and
organisations of the Popular Movement that, while playing a leading role as builders and
promoters of the Bolivarian process, are also deeply critical of the same.
The vision of the neoliberal sectors of the Venezuelan right with their desire to
implement economic policies that reduce the state to its minimum expression (as is
currently the case in Europe, Africa and other countries of our America), does not allow
them to feel sympathy to observe and listen to our position. Our struggle is for
libertarian communism. We are not prepared to go back to a “state of things” where we will
be persecuted occupants and social activists, where alternative media will be closed,
where land and companies now communally owned will be returned to the big landowners and
employers, where there will be systematic violation of human rights; where juridicial
instruments that can help the popular cause, the future construction of truly horizontal
and assembly-based community spaces, the realisation of worker, peasant and student
councils will disappear; where the social missions that today are necessary to help the
most dispossessed classes will be eradicated; to regress to a past, not so hidden that
waits to make its fascist attack.
History has already given us many examples:
“From his guard post in La Protesta, Santillán understood better than any of the men of
the Argentine left the direction and the sense of the anti-irigoyenista conspiracy, which
was nothing really but an attempt to destroy the workers’ movement, to halt the social
revolution (which was presumably approaching) and to establish the basis of a corporatist
state (with the support of the armed forces, the landowners and the clergy). When the coup
of the 6th of September – announced from the pages of a newspaper calling for a general
strike – occurred, the FORA disregarded it: relying on an apparently very orthodox and
logical view, its militants refused to intervene in the struggles of the bourgeois
political parties, as if it had been about a mere dispute between conservatives and
radicals or between anti-personalists and personalists (personalism refers to a Catholic
philosophy, L.G.). Relying on inflexible dogmatism, they proclaimed: for an anarchist and
a proletarian the same as the populism of Irigoyen goes for the fascism of Uriburu. This
failure of perspective cost the FORA many lives and many exiled. It can even be said that
it cost the organisation its own life. La Protesta was closed down and put the workers
organisation outside of the law…” (3)
We are as much against these positions of the supposed “left” that would have us believe
that “they are all the same” as those of the careerists and opportunists that assure us
“this is a true revolution”.
So much more for certain “personalities” who, taking refuge in the ideals of anarchism
(and certain postures of Trotskyism), seek to conceal their bourgeois world view and along
with it, conceal the struggles and processes for change that have been developed during
the last three decades from the popular communities and counter-hegemonic movements.
To these anarchists turned peddlers, merchants and tourists of the idea, we too say that
fascism will not succeed.
The FARV reaffirms it will not support any government or any state, only the people in
their emancipatory struggle and the Social Revolution.
Our position is the following: defend the popular gains we have achieved and have cost so
much blood; combat by all means possible the return to power of the fascist oligarchic
right of Venezuela and fight together with the people, the organisations, movements and
social and political collectives allied to our struggle for the autonomous and popular
deepening of the Bolivarian Revolution, against the “red right” and against the failures
and errors provoked by the still present bourgeois capitalist judicial economic structure,
which has yet to be dismantled. If it is not, we could run the imminent risk of being
another failed example of a participative, democratic and socialist revolution in the world.
The overcast sky announces storm. We call all Venezuelan workers, peasants, all the
exploited and excluded of Venezuela to attend the battle of October 7, to close the door
to fascism, be it at the electoral polls or on the street.
Fascism will not come to pass. The invitation is to choose the option that expresses the
vision of the revolutionary and socialist organisations, movements and collectives allied
to our cause and in favour of the continuity of the Bolivarian Process. The invitation is
to be alert to any agenda of violence on the part of the right, to defend our
determination to be free. But, above all, to build – from the base made in the left, from
everyday life and the day-to-day, from the small and common, from the street, the
neighbourhood, the villages and the mountains – libertarian spaces that help the
achievement of the Social Revolution.
“Down with the Mazziniano system that is the system of the republic in the form of a
state, there is no other system if not that of the republic as a commune, the republic as
a federation, a genuinely socialist and popular republic – the system of Anarchism” M.
FOR A POPULAR AND BOLIVARIAN PROCESS!
FOR A LIBERTARIAN AND ZAMORANO SOCIALISM TOWARDS THE COMMUNAL REPUBLIC!
FOR LIBERTARIAN COMMUNISM!
Federación Anarquista Revolucionaria de Venezuela - FARV
(1) Escritos. Errico Malatesta. Anselmo Lorenzo Foundation. Madrid 2002, Pg. 56.
(2) Ibidem. Pg. 59
(3) El Anarquismo en América Latina. Carlos M. Rama and Ángel J. Cappelletti. Ayacucho
Library. Caracas 1990. Pg. LVII
(4) Stateless Socailism. Bakunin http://www.marxists.org/espanol/bakunin/socsinestado.htm
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