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(en) Chile: "Politics and Society" Magazine, Winter 2012

Date Mon, 02 Jul 2012 19:09:59 +0300

A new issue of libertarian communist "Politics and Society", the second of its new era after the change of name of the publication (formerly "Man and Society") ---- Contents: -- Editorial ---- "A people power strategy for Chile. Subject to change, class and territory," by Manu Garcia and Jose Salas ---- Interview with Gabriel Salazar on regional rebellions and movements anticentralist by Miguel Urrutia Fernández and Esteban Ferreira Urrea ---- "Student movement: a critique of the education system towards a critique of the neoliberal model," by Natalia Mazu and Oliver Evans ---- "Crisis of the education system: elements for a balance of perspectives on education program" for Computer Education "Politics and Society" ---- "People power and social rights. Unimagined maturation of human capital in Chile", by Miguel Urrutia Fernández and Esteban Ferreira Urrea

- "New ways of co-policy institute and produce the well-being. Congressional intent for a Social Education Project", by Rafael Agacino

- Review: "The awakening of society. Social movements in Latin America and Chile," Mario Garcés


It's been almost a year since the last issue of this journal. Since then, what is beginning to envision as the emergence of various social conflicts, with the passage of time was becoming a constant in social life and politics. While every historical process has its fluctuations with high and low, as the relative social tranquility that we experienced in late 2011 due to lower class conflict, and this year started full of important port protests as unemployment, strikes of retail, the struggle of the people of the FENAPO, environmental protests, the various regional conflicts in Aysen, Calama, among others. Many of these struggles involve not closed continuities process and demonstrate the ability to project in the time it has become increasingly popular subject in advancing in their articulation.

The counterpart of this situation is the erosion of traditional political figures and substantially discrediting existing political institutions. Given this scenario, since the ruling bloc have drawn different and complementary strategies of repression and validation intensification of political participation in bourgeois institutions as a way to legitimize the system. We are witnesses to reform the electoral system, proposals for change in the rules of the political system, the tax system, including moving away or close more or less neo-liberal dogma, but which all tend to guard it.

In this scenario, we believe that sectoral struggles as the student will continue to have relevance and importance in the national situation. Much has been said about the role played in this context that movement (dynamic of conflict, a catalyst for discontent, etc..), But what interests us is to reflect on the more political projections that emerge from cross this social sector particularly because this year will touch confront those who have taken the path to capitalize on their progress in the application for office in municipal elections, thereby changing the focus of conflict. So, we are also responsible for analyzing how you can go on providing a programmatic content to this struggle, under the assumption that this content will be a condition to further deepen the progress, both in protest, as in the possibility of converging with other sectors struggling in a class project. In this regard include 2 articles and a column by economist Rafael Agacino addressing these issues from different edges.

Moreover, we note with interest the various demonstrations and regional conflicts have been taking place in the country. We call attention to the logic that have multisectoral mobilization as the Aysen and Magallanes, where they have been unified demands of different kinds and ask questions about the potential that allows the articulation of disparate social actors in a region, but we question about the the territorial limits imposed as building space. That's why we added in this issue an article that reflects on the conditions and possibilities of building land, and that could take place in a strategy class perspective and profound social change.

Similarly, we care contribute to the understanding of the historical burden of such disputes. What are rooted in our tradition, but also on the novel that may have current struggles. With this claim went to interview the historian Gabriel Salazar to deliver us their views on these issues. In addition, we include the review of a work of the historian Mario Garces, who has been studying these issues from the perspective of social movements. Although, as libertarians, sometimes we have political differences with the vision of both historians, it seems relevant to what they have to say and for the same reason, we added some criticisms and questions to the review mentioned as a way to give rise to a debate.

Another element that seems interesting to note, regarding the various conflicts that have developed during this period, both territorial and sectoral, is that these struggles have pointed to various "social rights" as cornerstones of their claims. We refer to the demands in health, education, housing, transportation, etc.. In connection therewith we find it essential to deepen the discussion on how the left intended for social change could understand and characterize these rights from a materialistic view of bourgeois right away. We present therefore a text which seeks to contribute to this look and pass the place in the center of criticism of the neoliberal model and its doctrine.

Somehow or another, all these issues are crossed by a dispute that is more totalizing, we refer to the various political capital strategies and accumulation of forces. In this respect, quite bets have been reported to co-opt or tighten the repression of popular movements from the sectors that make up the dominant coalition or by the reformism instrumentalizing to advance their electoral agenda. But little has widened the prospects for the left of revolutionary intent on that, becoming obvious gaps or outright absence of clear roadmaps in the construction process.

We believe it is extremely important that both the revolutionary left in general and particularly from the anarchism discuss these issues because we believe that are central to the challenges we face today and will play in the times ahead. We make a humble appeal to the debate on these issues as we are concerned with the analysis break light and full of slogans to try to look at problems in depth. For this, we commit ourselves as we open our editorial team and published as a platform for discussion of programmatic issues, in order to achieve content and provide guidance for the revolutionary struggle we are facing as a people.

We hope that we present here a contribution to the reflection and constitutes a trigger for the exchange of ideas, but especially to nurture our political stakes.

Editorial Team

"Politics and Society"

Winter of 2012
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