(en) AMPB Report #20

Paul W. Griffin (Paul_W._Griffin@bmug.org)
Thu, 18 Sep 1997 22:22:05 -0700


A AA AAAA The A-Infos News Service AA AA AA AA INFOSINFOSINFOS http://www.tao.ca/ainfos/ AAAA AAAA AAAAA AAAAA

<x-fontname><param>Helvetica</param>Dear Readers,

Things in Berkeley are great, but I wanted to let you know about our f= riends at Black Liberation Radio in Decatur, Illinois. Napoleon Williams a= nd Mildred Jones, the station founders, are getting severe harrassment from= the state attorney general and two of their children have been taken away = =46rom them. Mildred is currently in state prison and expecting a baby very = soon. The medical care in prison is very substandard, so Mildred is hoping= to get a release before the baby is due. Napoleon has been charged with f= elony eavesdropping, and has been unable to get the charges dropped. The r= eason they are catching so much hell is because of the radio station. 99.7= FM is the only place on the dial to hear black voices and music in Decatur= . Despite having all of their equipment ripped off by the police last Janu= ary, BLR continues to broadcast and serve the community. Right now they r= eally need your help. Please write a letter of support for Black Liberatio= n Radio and send it to the govenor of Illinois. Send copies to Napoleon an= d Mildred so they know people are supporting them=21 Here are the addresse= s to send your letter. Thanks for caring=21

Govenor Jim Edgar 207 Statehouse Springfield IL 62706. =20

Mildred Jones, B49044, P.O.Box 5001, Dwight, IL 60420.

Napoleon Williams 629 E. Center St., Decatur, IL 62526.

The phone number for BLR is (217) 423-9997.

For more info about BLR, go to this web site:

http://www.students.uiuc.edu/=7Ep-riism/rfc.html.

SPECIAL NEWS...NAPOLEON IS NOW ONLINE=21=21=21

YOU CAN REACH HIM AT:

liberationradio=40webtv.net

<bigger><bigger><bigger><bigger><bigger><bigger><bigger><x-fontsize><param>= 24</param></x-fontname><x-fontname><param>Geneva</param> AMPB REPORT VOLUME =2320</bigger></bigger></bigger></bigger></bigger></bigg= er></bigger></x-fontsize><x-fontsize><param>14</param>

<bold></x-fontname><x-fontname><param>Helvetica</param> </x-fontsize><x-fon= tsize><param>10</param>A PUBLICATION BY THE ASSOCIATION OF MICRO-POWER BROA= DCASTERS=20

<bigger><bigger></x-fontsize><x-fontsize><param>14</param>

</bold></bigger></bigger></x-fontsize><x-fontsize><param>12</param>=23 TITL= E ARTIST LABEL

1 URBAL BEATS VARIOUS ARTISTS POLYGRAM=09

2 JUNGLE WARFARE MICKEY FINN & DARREN JAY MOONSHINE =09

3 HAPPY END OF THE WORLD PIZZICATO FIVE MATADOR

4 PEACEFUL PLANET / RHYTHM ZONE COMP. MANGO

5 LIVE AGAIN=21 ISRAEL VIBRATION RAS

6 REGGATTA MONDATTA VARIOUS ARTISTS ARK 21

7 SWINGING FROM THE RAFTERS LONG JOHN HUNTER ALLIGATOR

8 IF A TREE FALLS VARIOUS ARTISTS EARTHBEAT=21

9 CHOCOLATE SUPA HIGHWAY SPEARHEAD CAPITOL

10 1980-1986 DICKS ALT. TENTACLES=09

11 BROADWAY & 52ND US 3 BLUE NOTE=09

12 KNIGHTS OF THE BLUES TABLE VARIOUS ARTISTS VICEROY =09

13 GENERATIONS I VARIOUS ARTISTS ARK 21

14 SON EGAL TARIKA XENOPHILE

15 AUTOCLAVE AUTOCLAVE DISCHORD =09

16 A WE RULE FRANKIE PAUL RAS

17 10 MILLION HOURS A MILE MIRANDA JULY KILL ROCK STARS =09

18 BEDOUIN SOUND CLASH BADAWI ROIR

19 THE COLOUR AND THE SHAPE FOO FIGHTERS ROSWELL

20 LOVESONGS FOR UNDERDOGS TANYA DONELLY REPRISE

21 SOUTH DELTA SPACE AGE THIRD RAIL ANTILLES

22 AMERICAN INDIAN DANCES CEDARTREE SINGERS U.S. POSTAL SERVICE

23 ON THIS PLANET STEVE ROACH FATHOM=09

24 POST WORLD HANDBOOK TCHKUNG=21 TIM/KERR

25 THE GREAT MILENKO INSANE CLOWN POSSE ISLAND

26 REBEL RADIO SAMPLER UK SUBS CLEOPATRA =09

27 SILENCIO=3DMUERTE VARIOUS ARTISTS H.O.L.A.

28 POLICE ACADEMY STRONTIUM 90 PANGEA =09

29 INTERVIEW MORRISSEY MERCURY=09

30 YEAR OF THE HORSE NEIL YOUNG REPRISE=09

31 THE LONESOME TOUCH HAYES/CAHILL GREEN LINNET =09

32 TECHNOMAJIKAL LEE PERRY REACHOUT INT'L

33 IN STEREO JACK KILLED JILL NEW RED ARCHIVES=09

34 THE BOOK OF SECRETS LOREENA McKENNITT WARNER

35 CATALOG SAMPLER MISSION OF BURMA RYKODISC =09

36 TRYSOME EATONE LOVE SPIT LOVE MAVERICK

37 KEROUAC KICKS JOY DARKNESS VARIOUS RYKODISC=09

38 EIRE-ISLE OF THE SAINTS JOHN DOAN HEARTS OF SPACE

39 REJOICE PETER BROGGS RAS

40 JAMMU AFRICA ISMAEL LO TRILOKA

<bigger><bigger><bigger><bigger><bigger><bigger><bigger></x-fontsize><x-fon= tsize><param>24</param><bold><italic> CAPTAIN FRED'S

PICK TO CLICK</bold></italic></bigger></bigger></bigger></bigger></bigger><= /bigger></bigger></x-fontsize><x-fontsize><param>12</param>

</x-fontsize><x-fontsize><param>10</param> <bold><italic>WE WANT THE AIRWAVES- THE RAMONES

BUSY CHILD- CRYSTAL METHOD

BABYLON MOVING- DOG BARK

MY BABY PORTABLE PLAYER SOUND

-THE PIZZICATO FIVE

KENOUNA- ALI FARKA TOURE

FOREVER- TARIKA

MISS INDIAN USA HONOR SONG

-THE CEDARTREE SINGERS

RUDEBOY SHUFFLIN-M ISRAEL VIBRATION

MESSAGE IN A BOTTLE- MAXI PRIEST

=0AMY HERO- FOO FIGHTERS

STATE OF ALERT- UK SUBS

DICKS HATE THE POLICE- THE DICKS

NERVOUS BREAKDOWN- PENNYWISE

U CAN'T SING R SONG- SPEARHEAD

SNAKES- US 3

NINE BELOW ZERO- NINE BELOW ZERO

WHERE ARE WE GONNA WORK WHEN THE

TREES ARE GONE?-BIAFRA/ NIXON

HOTEL VOULEZ-VOUS- MIRANDA JULY

X-PERRY-MENT- LEE PERRY

<bigger></x-fontsize><x-fontsize><param>12</param></bold></italic></x-fontn= ame><x-fontname><param>Geneva</param> </bigger></x-fontsize><x-fontsize><param>10</param></x-fontname><x-fontname= ><param>Helvetica</param>hi paul.

we are planning for our conference in the fall, the scond annual media & de= mocracy congress. last year drew 600 to san francisco. this year we hope = to see about 1000 in new york, at new york univeristy/cooper union. the con= gress will convene the progressive community-- media makers, academics, act= ivists, students and grassroots organizers. as a part of our programming, w= e would like to include a =22do-it-yourself=22 panel, featuring micro radio= broadcasters, ezine publishers, and zine makers... seeta gangadharan, proj= ect assistant

institute for alternative journalism

77 federal st. san francisco, ca 94107

p: 415-284-1427 f: 415-284-1414

http://www.mediademocracy.org/congress

email address is spun=40iaj.xo.com

Dear readers of the Free Radio Press, formerly the Radio Resistors Bulletin= , After a sabatical I am back in school and getting close to the end of my = college career. I am extremely interesed in hearing what all has happened i= n the year since I last published the 'zine, and am ready to put out anothe= r action packed issue. If you have anything you would like covered, please = feel free to let me know=21 Coming up in the next issues will be articles = about radio Free Maine, Pirate Radio here in Alabama, reviews of some recen= t conferences, and much much more. Michael Braunstein=09

Mbrauns1=40wwisp.com=09

HTTP://www.wwisp.com/=7Embrauns1

The Free Radio Press

http://www.rootsworld.com/rw/feature/rrb.html

It's been a while since we've been in touch with other people in the low-po= wer movement, so I thought I'd update you on what's been happening here in = Boston. We've been on the air since March and have been in our present home= since June...We've been getting steady coverage in the newspapers and on t= elevision, which is good news and bad; we want people to know about us and = to listen, but, naturally, the slant the stories always take is that we're = =22pirates.=22 We take great pains to let people know that we are a =22comm= unity=22 station. While we're on the subject, it might interest people to k= now that the BOSTON CITY COUNCIL has passed a resolution supporting the sta= tion. It acknowledges the work that we do and says that community radio has= a right

to exist. I believe this is an important step for this movement as it's my = opinion that our struggle will eventually have to be carried out in legisla= tively. I know a lot of people look to the courts as the saviour of low-pow= er radio, but to me this is a begging bowl technique and very passive. If t= his kind of radio is REALLY going to serve the needs of communities and not= just be a way for small groups to just play the music they like, it's goin= g to have to have the support of a broad base of people. These people will = demand change from their legislators; people will hold massive rallys in su= pport of the right to broadcast and of the First Amendment in general. As p= art of our strategy, we are going to get non-profit status. This means we w= ill have a community board and that the community itself will own the stati= on. Let's see what happens when the FCC tries to go after the City of Bosto= n. Clearly, this route is not one that some, or a lot of people, are going = to want to follow. For those who see the sense in what we're trying to do, = I hope that if they want some help on how to go about it, they will be in t= ouch. I would also like to note that there's no doubt in my mind that there= 's going to be an explosion of low power radio in the Boston area. People a= re in touch with me all the time about starting stations and it will soon b= e time to have some kind of a gathering to talk about the issues that the m= ovement faces. In the meantime, I welcome any feedback about what we're try= ing to do as well as news of other stations.

Steve Provizer

20 Reedsdale St.=20

Allston, MA 02134

617-562-0828

http://www.tiac.net/users/error/radiofreeallston/ =20

=20

Paul,

I just read your brief report on the Micro Radio Conference which was poste= d to the FRB website and wanted to say thanks for giving those of us withou= t the time and means to make it out to the West Coast some idea of what wen= t on. What struck me most of your account was your last sentence, which ind= icated thoughts of holding the next conference in Decatur. Yes, please=21 = I have watched the Napoleon Williams case for many months now and tried to= bring some details and info to light here in neighboring Champaign-Urbana = (home of the U of I) and would greatly welcome the attention and publicity = on Central Illinois such a conference would bring. Central Illinois is a h= otbed for

labor troubles as well as racial troubles, two themes which progressive rad= io activists have been working on hard, including Mr. Williams. Obviously t= he =22warzone=22 of Decatur has been the quiet front of the micropower stru= ggle and the many issues which brings these micropower enthusiasts together= . If you have any influence in pushing to bring the conference to the heart= land I would greatly appreciate it and be willing to help in any way possib= le since this is where I am. =0A Please let me know if I can provide any info or help in any way=21

thanks,

Paul Riismandel

p-riism=40uiuc.edu

*Beat Radio Commemorates 1-Year Anniversary*

<<Public support remains strong as the dance music station continues its fi= ght to return to the air Sunday, July 23, 1996, 5 pm: Beat Radio made its o= fficial debut over the airwaves of Minneapolis and started a story that con= tinues today. Recognizing the dire state of Minneapolis radio diversity and= the need to provide new and truly different radio options to the people of= Minneapolis, the station came to life as a unique, refreshing choice among= the traditional formats that populate the radio dial. For 103 days, Minnea= polis enjoyed a radio station with a format unlike the city has ever heard.= .. Beat Radio, self-described as =22The Station On Vacation,=22 continues i= ts community interaction and fund-raising at key Minneapolis nightclubs to = publicize the station's legal battle with the FCC. At all events, Beat Radi= o distributes information about the station, its fight to return to the air= , and the general state of Minneapolis radio; supporters can sign the Beat = Radio petition and purchase Beat Radio t-shirts... The website also contain= s music information (with regularly updated Minneapolis DJ charts), area ev= ent listings and links. Over two dozen local links are available to a varie= ty of useful sites, including many dance and R&B musicians and bands. =5Bno= te: Beat Radio supports ARD - Americans For Radio Diversity, www.ard.wack.c= om & www.radparker.com/radio both sites linked at

www.beatworld.com.=5D

Beat Radio 97.7

PO Box 3333

Minneapolis MN 55403

612.391.BEAT

fax 338.0188

www.beatworld.com

The_Beat=40bitstream.mpls.mn.us

I am pleased to announce that Free Radio KKTY will be on the air in a few d= ays. We are a broadcasting in Portland TX (Near Corpus Christi) with a 25-= 30 mile radius. We will be broadcasting Sunday 3:00-5:00 PM,Monday 6:00-9:= 30 PM,Wednesday 7:00-9:00 PM,Friday 5:45-10:00 PM,and Saturday 9:00-12:00 A= M and also on Saturday 5:45-7:45 PM. We are using th MPX96 from North Coun= try Radio with a homebuilt antenna the 1watt Pre-amp and the 40 watt amp fr= om Free Radio Berkeley. Sincerely, Maxwell S

Radio Mutiny, West Philadelphia's pirate radio station, is sponsoring an Ea= stern United States conference for the free radio movement. We are currentl= y in the planning stages for an event on the first weekend in April 1998. = We look forward to a conference in our region akin to the

recent ones on the West Coast, in the interest of building a national movem= ent in support of micro-radio. Members of our station have recently visite= d a number of other free radio stations and we've found the exchange

of ideas, strategies and technical information to be invaluable. Developmen= ts like the Direct Action Media Network, a service that will allow free rad= io stations to have our own national news gathering network, make the prosp= ect of a gathering for pirates in this region even more exciting. Another = top priority for us, in our vision for this conference, is to attract peopl= e from places that don't have a station yet, and fledgling stations in that= hair-pulling stage of getting their station off the ground and onto the ai= r. We hope these groups having the opportunity to communicate with more sea= soned operators will help bring us all closer to the goal of =22letting 100= 0 antennas radiate=22 which gives greater security and more strength for ou= r movement. One thing we'd appreciate is your help with spreading the word = about

this. Another thing is planning workshops. If you have technical skills (= audio production, rf troubleshooting, repairing consumer electronics, compu= ter skills with Real Audio, etc.) or skills in community organizing, fundra= ising, or legal expertise, for example, please consider conducting a worksh= op and sharing your knowledge. People who would like to speak on panels ab= out, for instance, internal organization for micro-stations, strategies for= building a national movement in support of micro radio, or anything that y= ou think would be relevant to this conference, please let us know. Althoug= h we regret it, we are pretty sure that we will have no way of paying for a= nyone's transportation or speaking at this event. Finally, we're going to = need help fundraising for this event. Radio Mutiny has done many things we= ll, but we're pretty lousy fundraisers. If you can organize a local benefi= t to help this event happen, we'll be eternally grateful. We're extremely f= rugal and won't wast a penny of any money you can find for us. We are thin= king of charging =2410-=2430 sliding scale for the conference, with no one = turned away for lack of funds. This will include meals and a place to stay= for the weekend.If you think that you would be interested in helping with = the planning for the event, the support activities just mentioned, or comin= g to it, please e-mail us=21 It's important for us to have a sense of the = size of the gathering as we plan... We do not envision a formal organizatio= n being born from this event, but a loose network of stations with an affin= ity for each other and able to respond effectively to government harrassmen= t, such as that of Napoleon Williams and Mbanna Kantako, is something we th= ink our movement will need in the days ahead. The legal limbo which now pr= otect micro-stations that was created by the Dunifer case (or so we thought= ; the recent shutdown in Jersey says otherwise) cannot last forever, and th= e NAB's increasing pressure on the FCC to prosecute micro-stations may be t= elling of the times to come. As a movement, we can start to take steps tog= ether that will ensure that micro-radio will never be stopped, whatever the= government ends up deciding

about it.

Solidarity,

The Radio Mutiny Collective

e-mail: wppr=40svaha.com

fax: 215/474-3386

snail mail: 4116 Chester Avenue, Box 238, Philadelphia PA 19104

phone: 215/472-4903

Dear Friend,

Radio World magazine has seen fit to write about =22pirate radio=22 ag= ain, and I thought I should tell you what they are saying. Any comments or= responses would be appreciated=21 Here is the complete text of the editor= ial from the august 20 edition of Radio World magazine...

LOW POWER, HIGH HASSLE

Pirates are on the prowl. The careful reader of RW knows that unlicensed r= adio stations, apparently operating with power levels in excess of those al= lowed by law, are bothering legitimate stations and their listeners more of= ten these days. The NAB Radio Board has adopted a resolution urging the FCC= to take whatever enforcement or judicial steps are necessary to terminate = these broadcasts. According to the NAB, the FCC recently referred 10 new ca= ses of pirate operations to federal authorities around the country for enfo= rcement. Meanwhile, as reported in this issue, all 20 members of the Milwa= ukee Area Radio Broadcasters Association recently complained to the FCC fie= ld office in Chicago about problems of interference caused by low-power pir= ates in their area. (=22Low-power,=22 indeed; at least some of those unlice= nsed operators apparently had threatened to crank it up to 500 W by the end= of the summer.) Also, in a recent newsletter faxed to member stations, th= e NAB cited three articles in RW as evidence of =22the latest skirmish in a= war on pirate radio that has seen its fronts expand over the past six mont= hs.=22 Observers believe much of this activity stems from public awareness= of the ongoing case of the FCC and Stephen Dunifer, the unlicensed radio o= perator in Berkeley, Calif., and poster boy for the micro-power movement. B= ut concerned broadcasters should not dismiss this as a temporary trend. The= movement seems more organized, more visible. In June, about 120 people att= ended the West Coast Micro-Power Radio Conference, and set up an Internet n= etwork for exchanging audio files. Former radio ship operator Allan Weiner = has written a new book and was on the Howard Stern show to promote it. Let= ters to RW prove that this movement has many adherents. The legal limits o= f unlicensed operation are set too low. The radio band can accommodate mor= e low-power operations than it does. But if pirates and their supporters w= ant to ease those limits, they should work within the system to do so. We = agree that the FCC should take all steps to protect the signals of licensed= radio stations from illegal operators. -RW

My two cents for what it's worth. I think the key quote is....

=22The legal limits of unlicensed operation are set too low.=22

Part15 laws allow a fraction of a watt, roughly speaking. =20

Anything over that and you could get in trouble=21 No shit=21

Basically, a mister microphone device with minor modifications could get yo= u a fine of =24250,000...Excuse me.....???????

People, please remember that low power fm stations were legal 18 years ago= =21 Then the FCC changed their rules. Now the minimum power level for an = FM station is 100 watts. I suggest we follow the example of other countrie= s and let the people get on the FM band. I would like to brainstorm with y= 'all about setting up some sort of guidelines for how the FCC should rewrit= e their laws, etc... With a little creativity, perhaps we can change broad= cast history and stop the =22pirate radio war=22 before it begins. I've tr= ied to communicate with journalists from Radio World magazine and have been= misquoted badly. Attempts to get these errors corrected were ignored, but= still we should try to reason with them, right???? -Paul

I have been contacted by some newspapers and found out some interesting stu= ff about my case. Seems that Silverman from the FCC likes me. Or said that = I did the right thing by filing STA and a CP. He quoted to the reporter = =22 this is what Dunifer should have done=22 ... More on all this as it de= velops. I was also called by the wall street journal. I think things are go= nna break loose soon. I have information about Strawcutters case, and othe= r things. I applied for FOIA. That should be interesting... We need to tal= k about developments. Some important

things are coming to light. Probably need to get on the phone.=20

See Ya =21

Doug

Your question is something I've been thinking about a lot. I had some thou= ghts on the subject, but was not certain how realistic they are, but anyway= , here go. =20

I think all stations should have to be micro-powered first. To increase th= e wattage a station should have to prove that they are worthy. That would = mean that they are meeting the public interest. Give them a year on micro = powered, then they are allowed to increase their wattage if they get public= support. If the spectrum is truly limited they the least popular big stat= ion should step down to micro-powered level and allow another station the c= hance to at micro-power. Of course some radio station will be happy at mic= ro-powered level so they never have increase wattage if they don't want. I= f micro-powered is limited, then they could license a reasonable number of = micro-powered station in an area. Knock off a few stations that are not as= popular to allow room for another station to give it a shot.

This system will allow for the much the praised competition. Also allows f= or those that wish stay micro-powered to stay that way. I think it's a coo= l idea. The only thing I haven't figured out how to rate the stations on t= heir popularity. Maybe have this as something you vote on at the voting bo= oths. Maybe that way we would have something worth voting on at the voting= booths.

There are my thoughts. Hope they help.

Jeff

Oh man...Where do I start on the FCC???

The FCC is WEAK=21 The only good point to it is that as an organization the= y require stations to be =22public servants=22...Does the FAA require pilot= s to be good citizens because they're using public airwaves??? Basically, = they make bucks off the =22air=22...so in return, station's must pay...who?= the community=21 That's good...that's great. But listen in Sunday at 7= am/Saturday at 6am (the only unsold time available) when your favorite

station is running their programming and see just how community-relevant it= is...The worst part is...that's all the FCC wants. That's great. Keep up= the good work...here's your renewal...would you like to mega buy up the re= st of the listening area? I currently am directly effected by the FCC and = their notorious slowness (also know for their notorious corruptness) waitin= g for a radio sale to go thru. Clear Channel ( I believe now that they ow= n the most radio in the nation ) can't get approval for the purchase of the= ir 8th radio station in the market...because they have 2 tv stations...one = purchased,one leased. Now...is it fair that the mom/pop stations, the inde= pendent stations, the people that are passionate about the music are all be= ing bought up like monopoly houses ... being exchanged for the big block of= radio =22motels=22? It's capitalism...but it is as close to a monopoly as= I can see. And we suffer. The listener suffers. It's corporate rock. T= here's one guy chugging out the programming for 6 stations? Do you actuall= y think he gives a shit how more than half of them SOUND? Do you think he'= s putting his butt on the line for a new artist

that hasn't been pushed by the suits? And downsizing=21=21=21 Oh my god...= instead of production staff for each station...there's one guy with an assi= stant if he's lucky. (Another guy)...and four/five people are out looking = for a job. You can have the full timer from your fm pre-record the am jock= liners...no one does one job, and does it well. One person does multiple = jobs to (I'm sure) the best of their ability for half the price and peddles= as fast as he can. And while I hate it all...here I sit...waiting for that= 8th station's sale to go thru...cuz I'm the 8th station baby. Will I get = a job...will I keep a job? Will I make more money? The trade off is...alt= ho their are less jobs and more overworked people...if you're lucky, the pa= y's better, the benefits better, and instead of your station selling out un= derneath your feet every 3 years (on average)...there's some security. Sec= urity. A rare word in radio. It's like working at a carousel=21 Enuff, en= uff with the FCC=21=21=21 Off with their heads...right after the sale goe= s thru=21=21=21 hahaha =0A Stacy

Hi Paul,

Per your comments: Yes, it is importnat to keep trying to get the point ac= ross to them. Perhaps a short column could be drafted stating the =22moveme= nts=22 position and highlighting the more reasonable steps taken elsewhere = and the absolutely outdated state of regulations at the end of this century= . Perhaps calling Radio World should be nudged by calling them on just who = they represent. Are they truly dedicated to the world of radio or the CORPO= RATE world of radio? We have at least as much passion for the medium, yet a= re excluded from the debate about how it might best be used to the mutual s= atisfaction of most. It should be pointed out that attempts have been made= to offer revisions to regulations, but who wants to wait for some incremen= tal change when there is so much to say and play that cannot be heard elsew= here? Of course there are all of the political/ideological/philosophical as= pects of it that could be discussed, but I suspect that if the word capital= ism was even mentioned that there wouldn't be a prayer of it seeing print. = Perhaps appealing to the vetrans nostalgia for a far less centralized and r= egulated medium would appeal to some. I'll think about this more.

Best wishes

Frederic

Paul, I own a Part 15 radio station in Hazelwood, MO on 107.1 MHz. Hazelwoo= d is located 15 miles NW of St. Louis, and 3 miles N of Lambert-St. Louis I= nternational Airport, one of the ten busiest in the nation. It is also one = of the largest municipalities in St. Louis County, with a population of 26,= 829. The Ford Motor Company makes it's Explorer sport utility vehicle at th= eir plant in this city, and Boeing (the world's =231 aerospace company) has= a plant in this town, home to their McDonnell Missile and Defense Products= division. Hazelwood is an ethnically diverse community, and, along with ne= ighboring communities (like Florissant, Bridgeton, Ferguson, Berkeley and S= t. Ann), has a solid business base. However, Hazelwood doesn't have a licen= sed commercial radio service, AM or FM. Eight years ago, I tried to buy a d= aytime-only AM station in the market, with the intention of moving it to Ha= zelwood and operate full-time. Two former college radio DJs would have been= part of the management team. Potential investors weren't interested, and t= he proposal was eventually scrapped. Another point in my proposal was setti= ng aside some on-air positions for those just starting in the commercial en= d of broadcasting, and several off-air positions for those with disabilitie= s, two of the most discriminated-against groups seeking employment in the b= roadcast business at that particular time. Another idea I had was working d= irectly with Vocational Rehabilitation in selecting from a pool of potentia= l workers with various disabilities. At the time, the industry wasn't quite= ready for it. They still aren't, even with the Americans with Disabilities= Act in effect. My Part 15 station cannot cover the entire town...it only c= overs the north central portion of the city, and a small chunk of nearby Fl= orissant. Only two FM frequencies are assigned to communities near Hazelwoo= d, one of them non-commercial. The commercial station, KXOK (97.1 MHz), ass= igned to Florissant, MO, doesn't even try to serve the area anymore, like i= t did during the late 1970s and well into the 1980s. It tries to serve St. = Louis instead. However, with it's transmitter some 25 miles away, in O'Fall= on, MO (even at 100 kW), it's signal is marginal, at best, in some areas of= metropolitan St. Louis. The non-commercial station, KCFV (89.5 FM), assign= ed to Ferguson, MO (which I was affiliated with from 1985 to 1988, and agai= n from 1992 to 1995), is only 100 watts, and basically covers only northern= St. Louis and eastern St. Charles

counties in Missouri, and part of Madison County, IL. This station has basi= cally reduced itself to a learning lab, and is not on as much as it used to= . Back in the late 1980s and into the early 1990s, it was on 18 hours a day= on weekdays (6:00 a.m. to midnight), and 16 hours a day on

weekends (8:00 a.m. to midnight). By 1995, it was reduced to 16 hours a day= , seven days a week. The closest AM to this area is KIRL (1460 kHz), licens= ed to St. Charles, MO, which broadcasts blocks of traditional jazz

and Urban Gospel music for St. Louis, 24 hours a day. They don't try to ser= ve St. Charles (and nearby St. Peters) at all. Both their day pattern (at 5= kW) and night pattern (500 watts) can barely reach downtown St. Louis, sho= ehorned between WRTH (1430 kHz, 5 kW day and night) and WESL (1490 kHz, 1 k= W day and night). While KXOK and KCFV are well-engineered, KIRL isn't as we= ll-engineered as KTRS (550 kHz), KMOX (1120 kHz) or even WGNU (920 kHz). By= contrast, my station operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week with a var= iety format, concentrated on '70s pop hits. Hazelwood and surrounding commu= nities are grossly underserved by the St. Louis stations. You won't hear lo= cal events promoted on a station like KMOX, KTRS, K-She, Kix 106.5 or Alice= =40104.1, for example. All they care about is the City of St. Louis. Hazelw= ood is a middle-class suburb without it's own radio voice. Those that inves= t in radio strongly believe that licensing a station to Hazelwood isn't goo= d business sense. I also wanted to offer advertising to small businesses at= a lower rate than other St. Louis stations charge, which those that invest= in radio also believe isn't good business sense. I do not agree with these= statements at all. I think 107.1 MHz can be shoehorned in at Hazelwood as = a Class A assignment (with power restricted to 4 kW at 300 feet above avera= ge terrain, and a site restriction to the north, protecting WEAI Lynnville,= IL), and any station who can not only serve St. Louis' northern suburbs, b= ut also the more affluent western suburbs, sell low-cost advertising to sma= ll businesses, and be a voice to their communities, can be successful. It's= that radio investors are afraid to try new ideas, and that's flawed thinki= ng on their part. If a community cannot get a licensed station, whether it = be through broadcaster prejudice or some other illegitimate excuse, then a = Part 15 radio station may be the only way to go. I don't know if power limi= ts are too low, but the height limits certainly are. You can cover a commun= ity on a fraction of a watt, but a taller mast is needed to effectively cov= er your community. Cities like Hazelwood haven't been treated fairly by bro= adcast investors, and that's why Hazelwood doesn't have a radio station. So= me folks say that pirate radio stations are operated by frustrated DJs who = cannot find jobs at licensed stations. That could likely be the case. Colle= ge radio stations are now restricting on-air staffs to students only, and t= hey've placed time limits on their service. For example, at KCFV, eight sem= esters is the maximum service limit (which doesn't apply if the DJ works du= ring the summer). In additon, some larger market stations are now union-res= tricted (fewer non-union positions available), or completely union-affiliat= ed. That may also be the case with some public radio stations. There are al= so a limited number of spaces available at community radio stations, such a= s my local KDHX (88.1 MHz). Although I now work part-time at a licensed st= ation, I am still miffed to see that a town such as Hazelwood, MO doesn't h= ave a licensed station, AM or FM. There should be several things tried, suc= h as lowering the fees for license applications dramatically, allowing new = AM and FM assignments for underserved communities, under the promise to ser= ve the community of license and surrounding areas only (in other words, if = your station is licensed to Hazelwood, you cannot serve St. Louis), and, of= course, allowing higher tower height limits on Part 15 stations. I don't k= now about higher power limits on unlicensed stations, the question is: =22W= ill higher limits work without producing any harmful interference?=22 That'= s the question that hangs on the tongues of the world.

E.B. Stevenson

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