(en) ASIA CONNEXIONS -- Nov/Dec 1996

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=09=09=09ASIA CONNEXIONS ... critical news and analysis about the Asia-Pacific ... =09=09 November/December 1996

************************************************************************** "It was the profit motive that made Canada aware of its Pacific destiny."= =20 -- Eric Downton

"Pacific Challenge: Canada's Future in the New Asia" (1986) ************************************************************************** ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ CONTENTS:

COVER STORY: -- Paving the way for APEC: Cleansing the Philippines

CANADA: -- Liberals abandon human rights for profit

HUMAN RIGHTS PROFILE: -- Indonesia, East Timor and West Papua

BOYCOTTS: -- Labatt pressured out of Burma -- ... But Pepsi stays

NEWS SHORTS: -- Indonesia, Philippines, Tibet, China, Kashmir

CANADIAN SOLIDARITY GROUPS

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

PAVING THE WAY FOR APEC: CLEANSING THE PHILIPPINES

[The Philippines is the host of the 1996 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit. Vancouver will be hosting in 1997 and ASIA CONNEXIONS will be providing ongoing analysis of this important "organization" in future issues.=20

With the upcoming arrival of 18 world leaders to Manila and Subic Bay, President Fidel Ramos' government has undertaken a "cleansing" of potential eyesores. EMMANUEL SAYO, who has just returned from Manila, analyzes the wider effects of APEC's "free trade" agenda in the Philippines.]

Little did more than 15,000 squatter families know that they would become victims of the coming Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit, to be held this November. The summit is a major occasion for the Ramos government to showcase the country and attract more foreign investment.=20 Doing so, however, means getting rid of eyesores, such as the squatters around Manila and those near the road leading towards Subic Bay, where the official summit will be held. =09 APEC began in 1989 in Australia as a loose, non-binding association of 18 states. It is a large economic grouping, which accounted for almost 75% of world trade in 1994 and which has a combined GNP of US$13.2 trillion, more than half of the world's total. The region is home to 40% of the world=D5s population, including many with a high level of disposable income, making it a lucrative market for transnational corporations.

At the 1993 annual summit in Seattle, the United States succeeded in turning APEC into a more formal body in order to speed up trade and investment liberalization in the region. This sealed APEC=D5s future as a free trade bloc, not unlike NAFTA and other trade blocs that have emerged in the 1980s after the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs. GATT, with its sister group, the World Trade Organization, constitutes the third pillar of global capitalism (the other two are the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund). They seek to effectively manage trade and competition between transnational corporations.

With APEC, the US has managed to stymie Japan, its main rival in the region. In effect, APEC has become a venue for the competition between Japan and the US for greater profit and economic domination of the region. =09 Thus, APEC is a component of what many would today call =D2globalization=D3= or the internationalization of capital. While this may mean different things to different people, there is no question today that globalization is part of the continuous expansion of capital that had been going on for a long time. Capital keeps on expanding, dividing and redividing the world into its various spheres of influence and seeking out places for accumulation and endless growth. APEC exemplifies the expansion of capital in a particular region of the world, all within the context of globalization.=20 =09 Trade and investment liberalization is only one of the objectives of APEC.= =20 The other two are trade and investment facilitation, and economic and technical cooperation. At the summit this November, each member economy will present its agenda of action, which will demonstrate its commitment to these three objectives. It is agreed that all three objectives should be in place by the year 2020 in a "free trade" region in the Asia Pacific.= =20

Philippines 2000: Fast track integration

The Philippines, as an underdeveloped country, has been experiencing the dire consequences of contemporary globalization. As a result of the conditions imposed by the Uruguay round of GATT, the country suffered a rice crisis immediately after joining the WTO in 1995. These conditions include government deregulation of the rice industry, which put the industry at the mercy of speculators; the conversion of rice lands into export crops; and the importation of rice, which has caused prices to rise. =09 In its desire to attain by the year 2000 the status of "Newly Industrializing Country",the Ramos government came up with a Medium Term Development Program, touted as Philippines 2000. Part of this program is to borrow more money from the IMF-World Bank. As a condition of additional loans, the Ramos government has been forced to approve laws which would fast track the integration of the Philippines into the global economy. Some of these laws are:=20

=09* The Agricultural Tariffication Act, which abolishes restrictions on rice imports and on other agricultural products, such as corn, garlic, cabbage, etc. Without subsidy and tariff protection, domestic agricultural products are unable to compete with foreign imports.

=09* Amendment to Foreign Investment Act, which permits 100% foreign ownership of businesses in the Philippines. =09 =09* Deregulation of Oil and Petroleum Industry, which allows the foreign oil cartels to determine the prices of petroleum products.=20

In theory, another major component of Philippines 2000 is the creation of millions of jobs, thus making it unnecessary for Filipinos to seek work abroad. It also includes a program that is supposed to reintegrate overseas workers once they are back in the Philippines.=20

GNP Growth: A critical look

Lately, the Ramos government has been boasting of its historic 7.1% growth in GNP during the first six months of 1996. Some government officials have used the growth rate to vindicate the government=D5s program of economic reforms. It is a program based on attracting foreign investment through liberalization and an export oriented, debt driven economic strategy.=20 =09 A critical look raises the issue of whether this GNP growth can be sustained and whether it will lead to alleviation of poverty. In the first place, a large share of this growth comes from overseas workers, whose remittances are close to US$2 billion. Remittances are a source of revenue which cannot be depended upon for the long term. In fact, this increase of remittances underlines the government=D5s failure to provide employment to a large segment of its labour force, many of which seek employment abroad.=20 =09 Most of the foreign investment is in speculative stocks and bonds and is therefore insecure. Such investments can be pulled out anytime and shifted to other locations, where returns are higher. This does not bode well for a long term program of industrialization.=20 =09 Whatever growth there has been, the economy has benefited mainly the elite, while the poverty rate continues to hover well above 70%. It is the kind of growth that is not much cause for celebration for the majority of Filipinos.=20

Enter APEC

As this year=D5s host to APEC, the Ramos government has been preparing for the event with predictable pomp and extravagance. Already it has spent several millions of dollars sprucing up Manila and the road leading to the summit site. Thousands of squatters have been forcibly removed from their shanties, and other have been either cleaned up or temporarily sheilded from the direct view of foreign leaders and other visitors. There is also growing militarization, not only because of the coming summit, but because of people=D5s resistance to APEC and its long term effect on the country.= =20 =09 To impress other APEC members, the Ramos government has committed itself to reducing tariff rates by 5%, even before the deadline of 2004.=20 Meanwhile other members, such as Malaysia, are reluctant to open up their economies to others.=20 =09 This rushed implementation of APEC objectives will surely have a negative impact for the majority of Filipinos. Cheaper agriproducts, from Australia, the US and Canada will flood the market, spelling disaster for domestic agriculture. In order to attract foreign investment, cheap labour will be encouraged. Various market oriented hiring schemes, such as temporary hiring, contracting, and job-sharing are now legal, and union bashing is facilitated by the government.=20 =09 Thus APEC means the continuation of global capital=D5s imposition on the already suffering Filipino people. [end]

[Emmanuel Sayo is a member of the BC Committee for Human Rights in the Philippines.]

* * *

LIBERALS ABANDON HUMAN RIGHTS FOR PROFIT: CANADIAN POLICY AND THE=20 ASIA-PACIFIC=20 by David Webster

The year 1997 will be launched amid great fanfare as Canada's "Year of the Asia-Pacific." Cultural festivals and youth troupes will abound. So too will the exchanges between Canadian business and their "Pacific Rim trading partners."=20 =09 The Year of the Asia-Pacific, however, has as its centerpiece the promotion of the Liberal government's trade driven agenda. Human rights, supposedly a core Canadian value according to government briefing papers, is not on the agenda. =09 The year-long "festival," culminating in the annual Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit in Vancouver, is the most open expression yet of Ottawa's abandonment of human rights concerns in favour of the bottom line.

Liberal U-Turn

With the election of Jean Chretien's Liberals in 1993, Canadians might have expected a different emphasis in foreign policy. The Liberals promised to "support democracy worldwide and reaffirm Canada's will to help the poor."

Lloyd Axworthy was the party's main foreign policy voice as opposition critic to Conservative Foreign Minister Barbara McDougall. "Our view is that Canada must become far more activist, internationalist and independent in its foreign policy. if Canadian interests are to be served in a time of global change," he declared in 1992. When McDougall announced human rights would henceforth be at the centre of Canada's actions overseas, Axworthy chided her for not putting words into practice.

Four years later, Axworthy is the Foreign Minister, with former human rights activists Raymond Chan and Christine Stewart serving as junior ministers for the Asia-Pacific, and Africa and Latin America respectively.= =20 Chan was a founder of the Canadian movement for democracy in China, while Stewart often led the Liberal charge in Parliament against Canada's links with unsavory regimes. However, the junior ministers have little to do but deflect criticism on human rights. Axworthy's predecessor as Foreign Minister, Andre Ouellet, was widely seen as ineffectual and uninterested in his job. Real foreign policy decisions were made by an inner circle of comprised of Prime Minister Chretien, Finance Minister Paul Martin and Trade Minister Roy McLaren.=20

Chretien, for instance, launched a comprehensive review of Canadian foreign policy soon after gaining power. But he made it clear that the review was not to interfere with emerging government strategy on Pacific Rim trade. "We want to intensify [relations with] the Pacific region because that's where the growth is right now," he said at the time.=20

McLaren, a Toronto MP who headed the Liberal right wing, impressed his stamp firmly on foreign policy before stepping down. He authored an International Trade Business Plan in 1994 that has been perhaps the single most important document of Ottawa's foreign policy. Growth markets in the Asia- Pacific region were targeted as export markets for virtually everything produced in Canada, including high-tech military equipment. Among the largest target markets were notorious human rights abusers such as China, Indonesia and Turkey.=20 =09 A year-and-a-half ago, Andre Ouellet met with the foreign ministers of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in Vancouver. He announced the Liberal government's wholehearted agreement with the ASEAN line that human rights are an internal affair. For Canada "to try to be a boy scout on your own, to impose your own rules on others when indeed nobody else is following, is absolutely counter-productive and does not lead to any successful future," Ouellet told reporters. He even offered to promote ASEAN's viewpoint at the Halifax G7 summit.=20 =09 Ouellet did not ask whether the ASEAN governments, which include such dictatorships as Indonesia, could speak for their people. In 1992, as ASEAN governments formulated their "internal affair" position on human rights, NGOs from all the ASEAN states issued a blunt rebuttal: "The advocacy of human rights cannot be considered to be an encroachment on national sovereignty," they wrote.=20 =09 This year, Axworthy became Foreign Minister and McLaren and Ouellet retired from politics. Axworthy has talked a better game, insisting that human rights are a core concern once again. On Nigeria, for instance, Canadian policy does seem to have shifted. But in Asia, where "the growth is," observers see no change in Canadian policy.=20

China: "Life goes on"=20

The biggest "prize" in Asia, of course, is China. Chretien's 1994 "Team Canada" trade junket marked a U-turn from the limited sanctions policy imposed after the 1989 Tiananmen Massacre. (The Team Canada idea has been attributed to former BC Premier Mike Harcourt, and the trip was joined by nine premiers, making the policy U-turn an all-party event.) Spin doctors in Ottawa claimed that trip inked $9 billion in contracts. Human-rights groups, however, were shocked.=20 =09 "Would you sell your mother for $9 billion?" asked Michael Craig of the Toronto-based China Human Rights Group. "I think that it's quite obvious that the Canadian government would." =09 Chretien was most enthusiastic in trying to sell Candu nuclear reactors to China. That sparked fears among environmentalists who pointed to India's use of a Candu to explode its first nuclear bomb in 1974. China already has nuclear capability, but critics saw the possibility of Candu technology enhancing the sophistication of their nuclear arsenal.=20 =09 "China is probably the least honourable of the nuclear weapons states ...= =20 a kind of nuclear outlaw," said Norm Rubin, research director of Energy Probe. China, for instance, carries out its nuclear testing on indigenous Uighur lands in Xinjiang province. =09 Recently, it was revealed that Canada is even selling military products to China. Over a three-year period the foreign ministry issued permits to export arms to China worth $51 million. The 1996 permits had to pass Axworthy's desk. =09 As Asia Connexions goes to print, the Globe and Mail has revealed that a six-member delegation of the Chinese Army, led by Lieutenant-General Qian Shugen, is undertaking an official military visit to Canada ("Chinese army leaders visit Canadian Forces," November 1, 1996). The delegation, the first of its kind since the Tiananmen Massacre, will tour military bases and visit two Canadian high-tech companies. =09 Newly appointed Defence Minister, Doug Young, defended the visit , describing the trip as "business as usual" and urging those concerned about the Tiananmen Massacre "to come to grips with the fact that life goes on," ("Young defends Chinese army visit," November 2, 1996).=20 =09 Young added that Canada would not make known to his Chinese military guests Canada's supposed opposition to human rights abuses and the imprisonment of dissidents. According to Young, "I don't want the military messing in politics."

Indonesia: Canada's best fit

The Liberal U-turn is even sharper in the case of Indonesia, the so-called "prize of Southeast Asia." The Mulroney Tories had imposed an informal arms embargo in 1992 which was ended when the Chretien Liberals came to power. Military export permits worth $5.7 million were approved in 1994;=20 the 1995 total surged to $362 million. =09 Several current cabinet ministers had been members of an international group called Parliamentarians for East Timor (PET), which aims for self- determination and the upholding of human rights in the Indonesian-occupied country. PET included Deputy PM Sheila Copps, Industry Minister John Manley and junior minister for Africa and Latin America, Christine Stewart. None of this trio has raised any protest about the Liberal U-turn. =09 Suharto's Indonesia is a favorite of Chretien and his provincial cohorts, the only country to so far host two Team Canada trade missions. Between the first trip in November 1994 and the second in January 1996, Canadian investments in Indonesia have doubled from $3 billion to $6 billion. =09 Canadian diplomatic officials readily admit that the human rights situation in Indonesia and occupied East Timor has deteriorated. According to the outgoing Canadian ambassador to Indonesia, Lawrence Dickenson, in East Timor there has been "intimidation, stepped-up military and police visibility, arrest and ill-treatment ... death, disappearance and severe beatings." =09 Still, Dickenson tows the line of his political masters, extolling the virtues of continued trade. In his view, "Indonesia offers the best fit for Canadian economic interests I have seen."

The "Canadian Idea"=20

Chretien has defended the U-turn in Liberal policy by arguing that trade with China, Indonesia and other flagrant human rights abusers creates jobs for Canadians. Human rights concerns will be raised if possible, but they will not be allowed to interfere with the conduct of trade. Under a policy termed "constructive engagement." human rights are supposed to improve with greater economic involvement with "developing" nations. China and Indonesia, however, are two nations whose abuses have actually worsened as trade has increased.

As a former Canadian diplomat noted years ago, the "Canadian Idea" is to stand up for your ideals, and find a way around them. The Chretien Liberals U-turn is just one recent manifestation of the Canadian Idea.=20 [end]

[David Webster is a member of the Indonesia Solidarity Network.]

* * *

HUMAN RIGHTS PROFILE: INDONESIA, EAST TIMOR AND WEST PAPUA

Indonesia, which illegally occupies East Timor and forcibly annexed West Papua, is ruled by General Suharto=D5s New Order military government which took power in a bloody coup in 1965. That coup resulted in the organized killings of between 500,000 and one million people in what Amnesty International (AI) describes as =D2a precedent for dealing with political opponents.=D3 =09 In East Timor, at least 200,000 people, one-third of the population, were killed or died of starvation or disease after Indonesia=D5s invasion in 1975. Other human rights monitors report death totals closer to 300,000.=20 In any case, the Indonesian government has not permitted an independent investigation of the Timorese genocide, considered the worst per capita since the Holocaust.=20 =09 In West Papua, =D2hundreds of people have been extrajudicially executed ...= =20 over the past 15 years.=D3 In Aceh, on the northern tip of Sumatra, 2000 civilians were killed between 1989-1993 in =D2counter-insurgency=D3 operations. =09 There are at least 350 political prisoners in Indonesia, with beatings and electric shocks the most common torture methods. Many were convicted after what AI describes as =D2unfair trials.=D3 The abuses in East Timor and West Papua are particularly extreme and brutal. =09 After major demonstrations in Jakarta this past July, military repression and human rights violations have substantially increased. =D2Shoot on site= =D3 orders have been given to police and non-violent political prisoners have been charged with subversion which carries the penalty of death. =09 Suharto=D5s Indonesia retains its ruthlessness but the New Internationalist observes that =D2the country=D5s huge potential market lends it respectabil= ity in Western eyes.=D3 [end]

* * *

LABATT PRESSURED OUT OF BURMA by Paul Baylis

In a textbook case of how determined grassroots action can knock the wind out of corporate sails, Canadian Friends of Burma (CFOB), a small, Ottawa-based NGO, has succeeded in getting Belgium-based Interbrew, the world's fourth- largest brewery and parent company of Labatt, to stop selling Labatt beer in Burma. =09 CFOB's Ottawa coordinator, Christine Harmston, calls this "a clear-cut example of how grassroots groups can come together and make a dent in the corporate world." Interbrew's pullout comes on the heels of withdrawals by Heineken and Carlsberg earlier this year die to consumer pressure. =09 Harmston first learned that Labatt beer was being sold in Burma on a trip to the Burmese capital of Rangoon in June, when she noticed signs advertising "Labatt -- Canada's premier beer" at shops and stalls around the city. After returning to Ottawa, she called Labatt's head office in Toronto. Getting no response, she wrote a letter to Labatt president Mike Hill detailing CFOB's objections to the company's presence in junta-ruled Burma which has one of the worst human rights records in the world.=20 =09 In 1990, the military regime, which calls itself the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC), nullified the results of democratic elections, and for six years held opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest. Suu Kyi, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991, has specifically called for foreign companies not to do business in Burma under the SLORC.=20 =09 After the letter to Hill, CFOB got a call saying that Labatt's parent company, Interbrew -- based in Brussels, was responsible for sales in Asia. CFOB contacted two European NGOs -- Burma Centre Netherlands, and a Brussels-based NGO known by its Dutch acronym KWIA, who prepared to lobby the country directly.=20 =09 Although Harmston describes her initial phone conversation with Tony Desmet, Interbrew's manager of international sales, as "cordial", she says there was little flexibility in his position. =09 "Basically he tried to lay a guilt trip on me by saying how dare I try to deprive the Burmese people of Labatt beer when I could simply walk down the street and buy a case. I told him the people of Burma didn't have enough money to buy rice, let alone beer, and that only a select few individuals could afford Labatt beer. He said this may be so, but Interbrew wasn't dealing with SLORC, but with a sole entrepreneur aged 35 in Rangoon, and would I really want to make this guy unemployed by taking away his business?" =09 Desmet went on to argue that isolation wasn't the way to treat countries with human rights problems, but that it was better to flood them with foreigners and business. His finale was, "Well, shouldn't we then stop all business in every country with problems? Why Burma?" =09 Following this conversation, KWIA made its own call to Interbrew to show that it wasn't just CFOB who was concerned. KWIA also published an article in the Brussels paper, De Morgen, criticising Interbrew for being insensitive to human rights, and for moving into territory abandoned for ethical reasons by Heineken and Carlsberg. Meanwhile, Burma Centre Netherlands also wrote a letter to Interbrew. =09 A few days after the article in De Morgen, Tony Desmet called CFOB in Ottawa "a bit taken aback" by the media publicity in Brussels, saying "I need your advice: Do you want Interbrew to give notice to its distributors to stop distributing Labatt Ice beer to Burma?"=20 =09 Harmston's answer was unequivocal: "YES!"=20 =09 A few days later, on October 14th, Interbrew issued a press release saying it was instructing its distributors to stop sales to the Burmese market. "In doing so, Interbrew takes responsibility as a good international citizen," said the release. The announcement came just seven weeks after CFOB had made its first call to Labatt in Toronto.=20 =09 "It seems all too easy," says Harmston. "If only all companies called to ask us for "advice." =09 Many companies, however, have been less responsive to consumer pressure, including Pepsi, which continues to market its products in Burma, despite losing major contracts at Harvard, Stanford and Colgate. CFOB is currently turning its attention to Canada's Seagram, which is marketing its high- end Chivas Regal whiskey in Burma. =09 "Consumer activism equals power and is a vulnerable spot for most companies," says Harmston. "We can take matters into our own hands, rather than wait for governments to do the things we hope for them to do." [end]

=2E.. BUT PEPSI STAYS

Aung San Suu Kyi, Burma's pro-democracy leader, has called for an international boycott of companies that do business with SLORC. These companies provide the military junta with the foreign currency it needs to maintain Burma's 400,000 person army. Some companies, like Labatt, have already responded to the pressure. Pepsi, however, retains its ties. The beverage company has claimed to have divested due to "public sentiment" but its products are still marketed and sold in Burma. Pepsi's partner is Thein Tun, a pro-SLORC entrpreneur who has bought PepsiCo's stake in Burma. According to Suu Kyi, "As far as we are concerned, Pepsi has not divested from Burma." [end]

[NOTE: Pepsi announced yesterday, January 28, that it will be completely withdrawing from Burma.]

[Paul Baylis is a Vancouver-area writer.]

* * *

NEWS SHORTS

INDONESIA

CIA Intelligence Chief John Deutch met on October 20th with Indonesian President Suharto.=20

According to the head of Indonesia's intelligence services, Mutojib, "The CIA requested a meeting with Suharto to obtain a first-hand account of political developments in Indonesia."

Mutojib added, "President Suharto explained to [Deutch] of the need for national stability."

Suharto's New Order government came to power after a CIA-backed coup in 1965. Amnesty International estimates that between 500,000 to 1 million were killed in the subsequent slaughter.=20

Deutch also held "talks" in China and South Korea.=20

PHILIPPINES

Just weeks before the start of the APEC-leaders summit, the Fidel Ramos government has announced that it would "prevent the entry into the country of any foreigner, who in [the government's] assessment, may distub the APEC meetings and activities." The Ramos blacklist includes Archbishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa, Danielle Mitterand and 1996 Nobel Peace Prize winner Jose Ramos-Horta.

According to Sonny Inbaraj, columnist for the Bangkok-based Nation, "Even to the extent of compromising the Philippines' sovereignty, Ramos will please Suharto regardless of the damage done to the country's international reputation."

The Philippines banned Ramos-Horta and other East Timorese dissidents from entering the country in 1994 during an Asia-Pacific Conference on East Timor.

This year's conference on East Timor was scheduled to be held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. However, like Ramos, Malaysian Prime Minister Mahatir Mohamed has cancelled the international gathering. Organizers say they will proceed anyways.=20

TIBET

Chinese authorities have finally acknowledged the detention of Ngawang Choephel, a scholar and musician who was arrested in Tibet more than a year ago while researching Tibetan folk music and dance. The Chinese government has accused the Dalai Lama, Tibet's exiled head of state, of sending Ngawang as a spy.

Amnesty International accuses China of committing "gross violations of human rights" in Tibet which was invaded in 1949.=20

CHINA

Wang Dan, 27, has been sentenced to 11 years in prison for "conspiring to subvert the government."

Wang was student leader during the 1989 Tiananmen demonstrations.=20 Following his capture, he was condemned to a Re-education Through Labour camp until 1993. He was imprisoned again in 1994, released, and has now been detained since May, 1995.

Since 1989, Wang has written articles critical of the Chinese government, set up a mutual assistance fund to help political prisoners and their families, and petitioned the Chinese government to abide by its own laws.= =20

KASHMIR

Farooq Abdullah, the Indian-approved Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, has threatened extra-judicial executions to deal with "subversives" in the disputed region.=20

"Those who surrender will be welcomed into the mainstream and those who don't will have to die," said Abdullah to reporters on October 19th.=20

The Indian Ministry of Defence has also issued "shoot on site" orders.=20 According to General S. Padmanabhan, if some 1000 Kashmiris, labeled "hardcore guerillas," renew their activities, "we will eliminate them, too." [end]

* * *

SOLIDARITY GROUPS

-- The NO! to APEC Coalition

E-Mail: baustad@unixg.ubc.ca Tel: (604) 215-1103 Fax: (604) 215-1103

-- The BC Committee for Human Rights in the Philippines

21139 Cook Avenue Maple Ridge, BC V2X 7P7 Tel: (604) 463-2145

-- Canadian Friends of Burma

E-Mail: cfob@web.net =09 145 Spruce Street, #206 Ottawa, ON K1R 6P1 Tel: (613) 237-8056 Fax: (613) 563-0017

-- The Philippine Women Centre

451 Powell Street Vancouver, BC V6A 1G7 Tel/Fax: (604) 215-1103

-- The Canada-Tibet Committee

PO BOX 21584, 1850 Commercial Drive Vancouver, BC V5N 4A0 Tel: (604) 871-3331 Fax: (604) 581-3846

-- The East Timor Alert Network

E-Mail: etanvan@vcn.bc.ca

PO BOX 33733, Station D Vancouver, BC V6J 4L6 Tel: (604) 261-7930 Fax: (604) 325-0086

-- The Indonesia Solidarity Network

E-Mail: davidweb@unixg.ubc.ca Tel: (604) 261-7930

-- West Papua Action in Vancouver

E-Mail: jbsingh@unixg.ubc.ca Tel: (604) 251-9914

-------------------------------------------------------------------------- =09=09=09 ASIA CONNEXIONS ... social justice ... human rights ... ecology ... labour ... ... women's rights ... self-determination ... indigenous struggles ...

=09=09 2344 Spruce Street =09=09 Vancouver, Salish Territory =09=09=09 V6H 2P2 =09=09=09 Tel: (604) 733-3367 =09=09 Fax: (604) 733-1852 =09=09 E-Mail: jaggi@vcn.bc.ca

ASIA CONNEXIONS aims to provide information, analysis and commentary about the Asia-Pacific and South Asia regions. CONNEXIONS will publicize local and national solidarity actions and bring them to the attention of the wider community. CONNEXIONS will also highlight issues ignored or downplayed by the corporate media such as human rights, ecology, class conflict, women's rights, labour rights, indigenous rights and democracy and self-determination struggles. CONNEXIONS will also publish stories about Canadians with roots in Asia. ASIA CONNEXIONS is independent and not affiliated with any party or organization.=20

=09=09 People working on this issue: =09=09=09 Tim Crumley =09=09=09 Jeet Kei-Leung =09=09=09 D'Arcy Pocklington =09=09=09 Jaggi Singh

=09=09=09 Contributors: =09=09=09 Paul Baylis =09=09=09 Elaine Briere =09=09=09 Deke Samchok =09=09=09 Emmanuel Sayo =09=09=09 David Webster

Special thanks to Harold Lavender, Tim Folsom, Lew MacDonald and the entire Latin America Connexions collective for their support and encouragement. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

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