(eng) United : mailing 8/96

UNITED (united@antenna.nl)
Thu, 22 Aug 1996 09:10:45 +0200

Dear friends,

In this message you will find some information on the commemoration of
Kristallnacht on 9 November, International Day against Fascism and
Antisemitism and on the plans for the "European Anti-Racist Conference"
around the Inter Governmental Conference/European Summit in Amsterdam on 12
and 13 June 1997.

In both of these projects we would like to cooperate with all interested

This message has three files attached to it:
- Calendar of Internationalism 8/96
- Information Leaflet No 9 'Anti-discrimination work: the basics'
- Report UNITED Refugee Campaign and UNITED conference "Speak out for
refugees' rights"

With kind regards,


"European Anti-Racist Conference" - in Amsterdam (NL)
organised by UNITED for Intercultural Action
About 15 European speakers and 200-300 delgates of anti-racist NGO's will
speak out against racism. The main topics will be: institutional racism,
Fortress Europe and the European Year Against Racism.
This meeting is organised on the occasion of the European Summit and the
planned closing of the Intergovernmental Conference in Amsterdam on June
A special working group is working on the contents of the meeting. A
detailed program will be sent out in the end of 1996.
Information at UNITED for Intercultural Action, Postbus 413, NL-1000 AK
Amsterdam, phone +31-20-6834778, fax +31-20-6834582, e-mail


NOVEMBER 9th 1996

in cooperation with minority organisations:
European Union of Jewish Students (EUJS)
European Roma Rights Center (ERRC)
International Gay and Lesbian Youth Organisation (IGLYO)
International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA)
Migrants Forum of the European Union
Mobility International
Roma National Congress (RNC)
and hundreds of other organisations from all over Europe


International Day
Against Fascism and Antisemitism

Why November 9th?
November 9th 1938 was the date of the "Kristallnacht" pogrom in Nazi
Germany. Three days earlier, on November 6th, a Jew, Herschel Grynszpan,
who was angry at the increasingly repressive measures being adopted in
Germany against Jews took revenge by shooting the diplomat Ernst vom Rath
at the German embassy in Paris. The diplomat died two days later and news
of his death reached Germany on November 9th. This started a massive
nationwide pogrom, secretly organised by a section of the Nazi party, which
left many Jews dead in the streets, and hundreds of Jewish businesses and
synagogues burnt, smashed and destroyed. It marked the beginning of the

Europe today
At European level, commemorations of November 9th have taken place since
the 50th anniversary in 1988. The commemoration has taken on a new meaning
as we remember not only the victims from 1938, but also campaign against
the rise of neo-nazism and racism in Europe today, and show support for the
recent victims of racist and fascist attacks.

November 9th 1996
This year we will make a direct link between the violence against the
Jewish minority in 1938 and the violence against minority groups in 1996.
All across Europe intolerant attitudes turn into hatred and violence. The
first victims are always minorities who are different because of their
appearance or lifestyle. It affects minorities of all kinds: ethnic and
national minorities, sexual and social minorities, religious and disabled
We have to stop racists who burn down the homes of black people, who beat
up the disabled and who murder gays simply because of their different
sexual preferences. But we also have to stop governments who destroy the
villages of national minorities, exclude Roma from social benefits,
mobilise hatred through antisemitic speeches and who criminalise refugees
and hold them in detention.


How you can get involved

In 1994 (Protection of Roma) and 1995 (Persecution of Refugees) the UNITED
campaigns on November 9th were extremely successful, uniting thousands of
people against fascism and antisemitism in hundreds of actions across more
than 30 European countries.

This year we are calling on all minority, anti-racist and anti-fascist
groups, on all Jewish, human rights and refugee organisations to join the
actions. Roma people, black people and people with disabilities, lesbians
and gays are asked to join the commemoration of the victims of
"Kristallnacht" and the Holocaust and to show solidarity with all those who
suffer because of persecution and violence today.

We ask all participating organisations, where possible, to contact Jewish
groups and all kind of minority and other organisations in their area, and
to organise joint activities.
Such actions, large or small, could include memorial meetings, torchlight
marches, infostands, solidarity pickets, press releases, exhibitions,
demonstrations, memorial minutes of silence, public speaking tours,
conferences, discussions, concerts, info meetings, film shows, blockades
etc. You are free to choose your own way of organising activities while
respecting the common subject (commemoration of "Kristallnacht" and
violence against minorities today) and the common date (on and around
9/11/96). Indeed it is the variety and creativity of the events that make
the UNITED campaign unique.

How UNITED can help
* Contact UNITED for details from September 1st.
* Inform us on your planned actions before November 9th.
* We will send a special edition of the Calendar of Internationalism
* to the active organisations, with the list of all activities around Europe.
* Contact UNITED for campaign material, reports on the 1994 and 1995 campaigns
* and background information on the history of November 9th 1938.
* The final preparations for the campaign will be made at
*the forthcoming UNITED Conference in Stockholm (9-13/10/96).

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9 November 1996 - Commemoration of Kristallnacht

Stop violence against minorities !

Join the UNITED campaign
UNITED for Intercultural Action
European network against nationalism, racism, fascism
and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413
NL-1000 AK Amsterdam
phone +31-20-6834778, fax +31-20-6834582
e-mail united@antenna.nl