(AA) ++ Information from Brazil - June 1996

esperanto (lingvoj@lds.co.uk)
Fri, 28 Jun 1996 04:57:10 +0200


The intention of this bulletin is to inform you that the counter-
information work done up to now by the ANA (Brazil) is to continue
despite recent non-appearance. In the following we offer a brief
resume of the social, political and economic situation in Brazil and
further information relating to the anarchist scene here in Brazil.

In Brazil times are hard with no prospect of improvement. The state,
in its various guises, continues firmly on its course of implementing
neo-liberal reforms. All is done in the interests of two international
organisations (the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund)
and big transnational groupings who are promoting the destruction of
the, already inadequate, public services - in short our right to social
and retirement payments as won by the working classes.

In the name of 'economic stability' the government of President
Fernando Henrique Cardosa, supports the dismantling of the nations
wealth by means of privatisations and the tentative non-parliamentary
approval of administrative reform, using the argument of 'efficiency'
to reduce the state. He tries to convince public opinion of the need to
cut the budget and the Civil Service. The pre-decided programme of
administrative reform to cut public expenditure and bureaucracy and
free up more public wealth to financial speculation signifies a
reduction in those services coming from the state to the people such
as health and education. The conclusion is evident: the government
has no interest - it never had- in improving public services but rather
to maintain financial confidence and with it once again to renege on
the state's obligations in order to give the initiative to the private
sector who hope to make money from health, education, transport etc.

At the same time as public debt is rising the government first pays the
public debt in order to please the IMF and encourages foreign
speculators with investments of public money.

Related to this is a rise in the child workforce, poverty, recession and
unemployment. The workers and unions are squashed and children are
employed in their place thus putting more adults on the dole queue
and destroying the future of those youngsters who would otherwise
be at school.

Official statistics show that 7.5 million children and teenagers work
in Brazil which is equivalent to 12% of the working population. Of
this figure about 3m are aged between 10 and 14 years of age.

And more: In Brazil 4 children are murdered every day. From 1988 to
1990 4,611 children and teenagers were murdered in 17 Brazilian

Another impressive number: there are in Brazil in the region of
500,000 child prostitutes.

The number of murdered prisoners, slum dwellers and landless
peasants is also shockingly high.

On the 17th April this year in the city of Eldorado de Carajas (PA)
the military police murdered 19 landless peasants (see FREEDOM
18th May). It was a real massacre testifying to the cowardliness of
those responsible - shooting as they did, even women and children.

Also during the term of office of the present government we have
seen 55 rural workers killed in conflicts with the forces of state
repression and the big land owners.

Another worrying situation is the rise of slave labour (see article on
this page). In 1993 according to the CPT (pastoral Land Commission)
29 cases of slave labour were recorded involving 19,940 people. The
following year there were 28 cases involving 25,193. Slave labour in
Brazil has been responsible for 95 deaths in the last 15 years. As a
rule the deaths occur when the worker tries to escape.

In addition to all this barbarity we must report systematic torture in
police custody of those accused of petty crime, impunity for those
who murder homosexuals, high levels of violent crime, murder and
suicide among the Indians and more and more sex tourism. Here as in
Bosnia, Chechnya, Haiti, Somalia... human life is worth nothing. We
have to halt this logic. The alternative as we know is anarchy!

One characteristic of the current situation is the rise of skinhead
violence. We recently received news of one young black, 23 years old,
who was murdered by a group of skinheads in the city of Curitiba
(PR). He was hit by an arrow in the neck as he was returning from

Perhaps to speak of better things. From 29-31 March at the meeting
of the National Conscientious Objectors a new organisation the MOC
(Conscientious Objectors Movement) was set up in Brazil. We hope
this organisation will flourish as it organises the struggle.

With regards to the anarchist movement we continue to be
disorganised and our ideas have very little or no social penetration. In
Brazil there are groups in various state capitals including some of the
cities in the interior - notably in Sao Paolo. But unfortunately 80% of
these groups are small with between 2 and 5 members. These activists
are also in the main young people of between 16 and 24 years of age.
Few have clear ideas about anarchist struggle and at the same time
have only vague ideas about various issues. There is great confusion
amongst us.

In spite of all this various activities, street demos, meetings etc.) are
organised in the country. We can report that groups are involved in
libertarian education, social ecology, anarcho-syndicalism, punk
culture, anti-racism, anarcho-therapy, anti-militarism etc.

In terms of publications (newspapers and magazines there is very little
- they practically don't exist. This is due to financial problems and
also, perhaps, because the new generation doesn't like and doesn't
know how to write anarchically. However, occasionally a book about
libertarian theory written by university professors.

Since 1995 with the support of the Uruguay Anarchist Federation
(FAU) the Process of Brazilian Anarchist Construction has begun
involving a large number of comrades and groups. The initial idea
was for a bigger organisation... In the short term (1996-20001) to
form organic groups organised at local, regional and national level.
And finally to seek a better form of co-ordination