(eng) ANTIFA INFO-BULLETIN, Supplement 41 [2/2]

Tom Burghardt (tburghardt@igc.apc.org)
Tue, 14 May 1996 18:46:20 +0200


For regular information on the classwar in Turkey
and Kurdistan
--------------------------------------------------

** End of text from cdp:misc.activism. **

*****

From: Arm The Spirit <ats@etext.org>
Date: Sun, 12 May 1996 09:49:14 -0400 (EDT)

-----

German Antifa Jailed For Hitting Nazi Lawyer

On April 16, 1996, a 22-year-old architecture student was
sentenced to 1 year and 3 months in prison by a court in Hamburg,
because he and a group of other unknown anti-fascists beat up a
neo-nazi lawyer. The court convicted the anti-fascist of assault.
The lawyer, Jurgen Rieger, was attacked outside a courthouse in
Hamburg in August 1995. He was there to represent the fascist
"National Info-Telephone" which was on trial for spreading hate
propaganda. During a break in the proceedings, Rieger went
outside and was clubbed by a group of antifas.

*****

http://www.nytimes.com/yr/mo/day/news/world/neo-nazi-trial.html

May 10, 1996

Trial of U.S. Neo-Nazi Begins in Germany

By ALAN COWELL

HAMBURG, Germany -- Trying to wisecrack with a panel of
German judges, an American neo-Nazi leader went on trial in
Hamburg on Thursday, accused of mailing anti-Semitic literature,
swastika emblems and other material to his clandestine followers
in Germany.

The charges against Gary Rex Lauck, 42, of Lincoln, Neb.,
could bring a maximum five years' imprisonment in Germany, where
dissemination of Nazi thought and symbols is illegal. Lauck's
National Socialist German Workers Party-Foreign Organization is
on a list of groups banned in Germany.

Such is Lauck's apparent reverence for Hitler that he wears
a toothbrush mustache and, in photographs taken before Thursday's
hearings, parted his hair as Hitler did.

The trial in a somber, dark-paneled courtroom is seen by
German investigators as the climax to a 20-year campaign to halt
Lauck's activities. He was arrested in Denmark in March 1995, and
was extradited to Germany last September when a Danish court
ruled that his publications constituted an offense against
Denmark's laws on racial hatred.

German officials said the United States had turned down
previous German requests for help in arresting Lauck because his
publications and political activities were protected by American
safeguards covering freedom of expression.

When the trial opened Thursday the presiding judge, Bertram
Reuss, inquired about the personal details of Lauck, who wore a
blue-gray business suit as he sat beside defense lawyer Hans-Otto
Sieg.

Had he been born in Milwaukee? the judge asked.

"I can't remember but it says that on the document," said
Lauck in barely accented German.

Was he married?

"I don't know. There's a divorce proceeding."

"Well, if you're not divorced, you're married," the judge
replied.

Did he have children?

"As far as I know, none. I have a dog and two cats," Lauck
said.

He gave his profession as a business consultant.

Then, prosecutors spent 90 minutes reading the list of 38
counts, detailing mail sent to many parts of Germany, including
swastika emblems emblazoned with the words: "The Jews are our
misfortune" and "Foreigners out."

Lauck's lawyer sought to have the trial stopped, arguing
that the charges brought in court Thursday were not the same as
those cited in Lauck's extradition from Denmark.

"I do not believe that this trial should be taking place,"
the defense lawyer said. But Reuss said he would rule on that
issue when all the evidence had been heard.

"I have the impression that this court has already decided
to convict my client," the defense lawyer told reporters. Lauck
made no formal response to the charges.

Outside the courthouse a small clutch of leftist protesters
urged the destruction of Lauck's neo-Nazi party and held aloft
banners saying: "Never forget. Never forgive." In the public
gallery inside the courthouse, several young men with the shaved
heads fashionable among far right youth in Germany sat in silence
through the proceedings.

The judge and other court officials spent the afternoon
reading material said to have been mailed by Lauck to followers
in Germany, including a pamphlet saying "Jews are treated too
humanely."

According to German investigators, Lauck's principal
publication, "NS-Kampfruf," or National Socialist Battle Cry,
appears every two months in 10 languages. Some 20,000 issues are
mailed to addresses around the world, principally in Germany.
Among other things, it advocates the establishment of a "Fourth
Reich" including Germany, Austria and Eastern European countries
once occupied by Hitler.

Since his arrest last year, the publication has continued to
appear, suggesting that Lauck has lieutenants in the United
States.

German investigators say that his organization does not have
a particularly broad direct following among the estimated 4,000
to 5,000 members of far-right groups in Germany.

But, they say, it plays a significant role in supplying
German groups with propaganda material they could only produce at
great risk in this country. "Gary Lauck is the main purveyor of
hate mail into Germany," said Rabbi Abraham Cooper of the Simon
Wiesenthal Center in Los Angeles, which monitors neo-Nazi groups.

The far right in Germany is generally held to have been in
retreat -- or, at least, to have been forced underground -- since
authorities cracked down on their organizations and leaders after
a wave of neo-Nazi violence that erupted after reunification six
years ago.

*****

http://www.yahoo.com/text/headlines/960510/news/stories/

Reuters New Media

Friday May 10 6:51 PM EDT

Document: Nazis Plotted Post-WWII Return

NEW YORK (Reuter) - Realizing they were losing the war in
1944, Nazi leaders met top German industrialists to plan a secret
post-war international network to restore them to power,
according to a newly declassified U.S. intelligence document.

The document, which appears to confirm a meeting historians
have long argued about, says an SS general and a representative
of the German armaments ministry told such companies as Krupp and
Roehling that they must be prepared to finance the Nazi party
after the war when it went underground.

They were also told ``existing financial reserves in foreign
countries must be placed at the disposal of the party so that a
strong German empire can be created after the defeat.''

The document, detailing an August 1944 meeting, was obtained
Friday from the World Jewish Congress, which has been working
with the Senate Banking Committee and the Holocaust Museum to
determine what happened to looted Jewish money and property in
the Second World War.

As a result of the probe, thousands of documents from
''Operation Safehaven'' have been made public. The operation was
a U.S. intelligence effort to track how the German government
used Swiss banks during the war to hide looted Jewish assets.

The three-page document, released by the National Archives,
was sent from Supreme Headquarters of the Allied Expeditionary
Force to the U.S. secretary of state in November 1944. It
described a secret meeting at the Maison Rouge (the Red House
Hotel) in Strasbourg, occupied France, on Aug. 10, 1944. The
source for the report was an agent who attended and ``had worked
for the French on German problems since 1916.''

Jeffrey Bale, a Columbia University expert on clandestine Nazi
networks, said historians have debated whether such a meeting
could have taken place because it came a month after the attempt
on Adolf Hitler's life, which had led to a crackdown on
discussions of a possible German military defeat.

Bale said the Red House meeting was mentioned in Nazi hunter
Simon Wiesenthal's 1967 book ``The Murderers Among Us'' and again
in a 1978 book by French Communist Victor Alexandrov, ''The SS
Mafia.''

A U.S. Treasury Department analysis in 1946 reported that the
Germans had transferred $500 million out of the country before
the war's end to countries such as Spain, Switzerland,
Lichtenstein, Portugal, Argentina and Turkey where it was used to
buy hundreds of companies.

``As soon as the (Nazi) party becomes strong enough to
re-establish its control over Germany, the industrialists will be
paid for their efforts and cooperation by concessions and
orders,'' the intelligence document said.

The meeting was presided over by a ``Dr Scheid,'' described as
an SS Obergruppenfuhrer (general) and director of Hermsdorff &
Schonburg Company. Attending were representatives of seven German
companies including Krupp, Roehling, Messerschmidt, and
Volkswagenwerk and officals of the ministries of armaments and
the navy.

The industralists were from companies with extensive interests
in France and Scheid is quoted as saying the battle of France was
lost and ``from now ... German industry must realize that the war
cannot be won and it must take steps in preparation for a
post-war commercial campaign.''

He said German industry must make contacts and alliances with
foreign firms and lay the groundwork for borrowing considerable
sums in foreign countries. He cited the Krupp company's sharing
of patents with U.S. companies so that they would have to work
with Krupp.

A representative of the armaments ministry then presided over
a smaller second meeting with Scheid and representatives of Krupp
and Roehling, who were told the war was lost and would continue
only until the unity of Germany was guaranteed. He said they must
prepare themselves to finance the Nazi party when it went
underground.

The intelligence report added that the meetings signaled a new
Nazi policy ``whereby industralists with government assistance
will export as much of their capital as possible.''

Sybil Milton, senior historian at Washington's Holocaust
Museum, said it has long been known that the Nazis planned to do
something after the war and the document's importance may be in
pointing researchers in a direction where they could determine
what had been done.

``Now that the Nazi secret plan has been confirmed, the
central queston is whether it has been carried out,'' said Elan
Steinberg, executive director of the World Jewish Congress.

*****

http://www.nando.net/newsroom/ntn/world/051196/world8_4729.html
_________________________________________________________________

CROATIAN PRESIDENT LOOKS TO U.S. FOR BOLSTERING
_________________________________________________________________

Copyright &copy 1996 Nando.net
Copyright &copy 1996 The Associated Press

ZAGREB, Croatia (May 11, 1996 12:23 p.m. EDT) -- Condemned by
Europeans for his authoritarian ways, President Franjo Tudjman
has enjoyed crucial support from Washington in building Croatia
into a new Balkan power.

Emerging from 4 1/2 years of war, Croatia craves recognition
as part of western Europe. But Europeans are staying at arm's
length, claiming a love of pomp, nepotism, concentration of power
and muzzle on the press make Tudjman just one more Balkan
strongman.

"The current regime in Zagreb does seem to be showing
increasing authoritarian tendencies ... and the opposition has
virtually been silenced," the Council of Europe said when it
reluctantly admitted Croatia in April.

The council, which monitors member nations' compliance with
conventions on human rights and other matters, laid down 21
conditions for continued membership. Among those are to protect
Croatia's Serb minority, cooperate with the U.N. war crimes
tribunal, allow a free press and ensure fair elections.

But Europeans have little sway over Tudjman.

Washington, by contrast, has a military cooperation agreement
with Croatia. Retired U.S. generals helped revamp the army into
the force that last year retook most of the land seized by Serb
rebels in the 1991 war over Croatian independence. America holds
the key to arms supplies and training.

U.S. pressure has persuaded Tudjman to support the
Muslim-Croat federation in Bosnia, hand over an alleged war
criminal for trial by the U.N. tribunal and rely on diplomacy to
win back the last bit of Croatia held by Serbs.

But even Washington cannot persuade the septuagenarian
nationalist to take back Serbs who fled the Croatian army last
year. U.S. Ambassador Peter Galbraith calls that Croatia's "most
important human rights question."

Opponents contend that Tudjman is living in his past as
communist Yugoslavia's youngest general and that he models
himself on the late Yugoslav strongman Josip Broz Tito.

Tudjman shares Tito's penchant for fancy uniforms and
trappings of power. Soon after election in 1990, he dressed the
presidential guard in mock-historical garb. He bought a
presidential jet. His entourage got flashy cars, and he acquired
a former state villa for a fraction of market prices.

These moves, coupled with financial deals that enriched
Tudjman's offspring and handed choice state property to his
associates, has disillusioned Croats.

His party barely kept its parliamentary majority last fall
despite Tudjman's control of most news media. It lost in almost
all the big cities, including the capital, Zagreb. Europeans have
strongly criticized Tudjman's refusal to allow a member of the
opposition to become Zagreb's mayor.

Most Croats acknowledge Tudjman's role in achieving
independence, and few have sympathy for the 600,000 Serb minority
that has virtually vanished.

But even officials in his Croatian Democratic Union despair
privately that he is losing touch. His foes are even blunter.

"He doesn't understand the very meaning of democracy and
freedom," said Slaven Letica, a sociologist and one-time
presidential aide.

Vlado Gotovac, head of the largest opposition party, the
Social Liberals, said division of government powers does not
exist. "They are all combined and subjected to the party," he
said.

Tudjman recently attacked critics as traitors and spies, and
Parliament followed up with tough legislation allowing
prosecution of anyone who "offends state officials" or publishes
what the state deems a secret.

Under Tudjman's instructions, the public prosecutor launched
the first criminal court case against free media on May 7,
ordering the chief editor and a reporter from the satirical
weekly Feral Tribune to stand trial for "offending" the
president.

Critics saw the move -- part of a new crackdown on opponents
and the last four publications outside government control -- as
further proof that Tudjman is moving toward a dictatorship.

State TV, meanwhile, had no qualms about showing an extreme
rightist member of Parliament laying flowers for soldiers of
Croatia's World War II Nazi puppet state.

Tudjman, whose Croat nationalism got him expelled from
Communist Party ranks in 1967, has been widely criticized for
insensitivity to the crimes of that state, which killed hundreds
of thousands of Serbs, Jews, Gypsies and political foes.

Memories of those crimes helped drive Serbs into rebellion
against an independent Croatia.

The European Union was scathing about last summer's offensive
by the Croatian army, from which about 200,000 Serbs fled. Some
200 Serbs were murdered and the 9,000 mostly elderly Serbs who
stayed behind face harassment.

The United States has joined that criticism. But its cautions
against the offensive were markedly muted compared to warnings
now against using force to regain the last bit of Serb-held land.
Last summer's Croatian offensive helped Washington's campaign to
force a Balkans peace by weakening the Serb rebels in Croatia and
Bosnia.

Photographs showed Galbraith at a key strategy session last
July 22 at which the leaders of Bosnia and Croatia agreed that
Croatian troops could move through Bosnia to attack Croatian land
held by Serbs.

A U.N. official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said the
United States stopped providing U.N. monitors with intelligence
on Croatian troop movements two days before the offensive began.

But even European criticism may cool. With Washington's help,
Croatia has emerged as a new regional power. Both the war-damaged
economy and tourism along the Adriatic coast seem poised to
rebound.

European investors bought heavily in March when the
pharmaceuticals group Pliva became the first Croatian company to
sell stock on the international market. If the economy recovers,
Croats may re-elect Tudjman next year.

*****

X-within-URL: http://www.globe.com/globe/ap/cgi-bin/
The Boston Globe

Cross Burner Freed Because Victims Are White

By Associated Press, 05/13/96

PEKIN, Ill. (AP) - Damon Nance helped build a cross, wrap
it in a sheet and set it ablaze on a family's lawn - an act that
earned him a three-year prison sentence.

``The cross was burned in order to tell black people to
stay out of this neighborhood,'' Nance told police.

But the family he terrorized was not black - he was angry
because a white girl in the home had been dating a black man.

That distinction got Nance out of prison.

State courts have ruled that Illinois' hate crimes law
applies only when the target belongs to a protected class, such
as a racial minority. Because his targets were white, Nance went
free.

``It was still a hate crime,'' said Carla Camp. ``It was
against my daughter and her boyfriend because he's black. That's
hatred.''

Betsy Shuman-Moore, a lawyer with Chicago Lawyers'
Committee for Civil Rights, who helped draft the hate crimes law,
said the courts are interpreting the hate crimes law too
narrowly. Judges should recognize that a crime inspired by
bigotry is a hate crime, no matter who the victim, she said.

``It's terrible. I think the law clearly was designed to
cover this type of situation,'' Shuman-Moore said.

While the state appeals the decision, prosecutors are
considering new charges against 19-year-old Nance and his
companions, perhaps mob action or criminal damage to property -
less serious offenses than a hate crime.

Camp and her husband live in a neighborhood of ramshackle
little houses in Pekin, a blue-collar city of 33,000 almost 150
miles southwest of Chicago.

Camp's 16-year-old daughter lives in nearby Peoria with
her father and visits on weekends. Sometimes she would bring her
boyfriend or other black friends.

``She don't bring them over no more,'' Camp said.

The Camps had lived in the neighborhood for months without
any trouble.

Then someone stuck a cross next to their yard March 10 and
set it on fire. Two days later, there was another burning cross -
this time stuck amid the bushes next to their house.

Police charged two teen-agers with the first
cross-burning. For the second, they charged Nance; his brother
Christopher Nance, 22; and 18-year-old Timothy Wood.

Damon Nance pleaded guilty in early April and began
serving a three-year sentence. Then his attorney realized the
Fifth District Illinois Court of Appeals recently had ruled on a
similar case.

Two minors were accused of displaying pictures of violent
acts toward blacks and were charged with a hate crime. The victim
was white.

State law says a hate crime is assault or some similar
crime inspired by race, religion, gender or several other
specific attributes. It does not specifically say the victim of
the crime must have one of those attributes, but the appeals
court ruled that is what the Legislature intended.

The boys went free, so Nance's defense attorney asked that
his client be freed as well.

Circuit Judge Scott Shore nullified Nance's conviction and
dismissed charges against the other four.

``It's a disturbing decision,'' said Donald Jackson,
president of the Peoria branch of the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored People.

* * * * *

Bay Area Coalition for Our Reproductive Rights (BACORR)
750 La Playa # 730
San Francisco, California 94121
Voice: (415) 437-4032
E-Mail: <tburghardt@igc.apc.org>

On PeaceNet visit BACORR's <women.clinicdefense> conference. For
subscription information e-mail Wendi Jones, <wjones@igc.apc.org>

BACORR text files can also be found on the following sites:

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gopher://gopher.igc.apc.org:70/00/orgs/alternet

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BACORR: DEFENDING CLINICS, EXPOSING TERRORISM --
BECAUSE NO ONE'S GONNA DO IT FOR US!
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++++ stop the execution of Mumia Abu-Jamal ++++
++++ if you agree copy these 3 sentences in your own sig ++++
++++ see: http://www.xs4all.nl/~tank/spg-l/sigaction.htm ++++