(eng) ANTIFA INFO-BULLETIN, Supplement 40

Tom Burghardt (tburghardt@igc.apc.org)
Mon, 13 May 1996 16:18:00 +0200


Israeli bombardment began. His remarkable filmed evidence -- of
which the Israelis were unaware at the time -- now forms the
focus of the still secret UN report prepared for Boutros Boutros
Ghali, the UN Secretary-General, by Dutch marine General Frank
van Kappen who visited the site of the massacre and completed his
interviews with both UN and Israeli soldiers on 26 April.

Much of the UN report was written by a serving British Army
officer, Colonel Geoffrey Dodds, who accompanied General van
Kappen to Lebanon, and who -- like the general concluded that the
Israeli explanations of the shelling were untrue. Colonel Dodds,
a Royal Engineer, works in the general's office in New York.

UNIFIL officers in Lebanon and diplomats of the UN
troop-contributing countries -- they include Norway, Ireland,
France, Poland, Fiji, Ghana and Nepal -- fear Mr. Boutros Ghali
will water down the still-secret report or suppress it in his
desire to seek re-election as UN secretary general.

The US government refused to condemn the massacre and accepts
Israel's claims that its American-made howitzers fired "in error"
on the refugees under UN protection at Qana while trying to
target the source of nearby Hizbollah rockets.

General van Kappen's report acknowledges that the Hizbollah men
who fired two rockets from near the UN base later ran unarmed
into the compound but states that the Israeli shelling
represented not an error but a deliberate change of trajectory
which aimed the Israeli shells at the refugee-packed compound. UN
investigators did not find a single Israeli shell impact at the
site in a cemetery south-west of the compound from where the
rockets were fired.

-----

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*****

http://www.yahoo.com/text/headlines/960509/news/stories/neonazi

Reuters New Media

Thursday May 9 12:04 PM EDT

German Trial of US ``Farm-Belt Fuehrer'' Begins

HAMBURG, Germany (Reuter) - U.S. neo-Nazi leader Gary Lauck
went on trial Thursday in Hamburg, charged with inciting racial
hatred by exploiting freedom of speech laws in his homeland to
pump extreme right-wing propaganda into Germany.

Investigators say Lauck's National Socialist German Workers'
Party Foreign Organization (NSDAP-AO) has built up a huge
extremist publishing empire over the last two decades and become
the main source of banned neo-Nazi propaganda in Germany.

Prosecutors took 1 1/2 hours to read the 38 counts against
Lauck, a 42-year-old from Lincoln, Nebraska, dubbed the
``Farm-belt Fuehrer'' by U.S. Nazi watchers.

The charges accuse him of importing neo-Nazi and anti-Semitic
stickers, symbols and literature.

Lauck, sporting his trademark thick Hitler-style mustache and
wearing a blue suit, declined to say anything to the court about
the charges he faces. He faces up to five years in jail if found
guilty.

His only comments to the court were answers to the judge's
questions about his personal details. Asked if he had any
children, Lauck replied: ``Not as far as I know. I have a dog and
two cats.'' He gave his profession as ``management consultant.''

Around 50 anti-fascist activists held a demonstration outside
the court before the trial. They carried banners saying:
``Destroy the NSDAP-AO!'' and ``Never Forget! Never Forgive!.''

The court spent the afternoon session reading propaganda
material published by the NSDAP-AO, whose name is derived from
the full German title of Hitler's Nazi party. ``The Jews are
treated too humanely,'' read a passage from one booklet.

The charge sheet accused Lauck of smugglng into Germany his
neo-Nazi magazine ``NS Kampfruf'' (National Socialist Battle Cry)
as well as armbands bearing swastikas and stickers with slogans
such as ``The Jews are our misfortune.''

Propagating Nazi material and symbols is illegal in Germany
but not in Denmark, where Lauck was arrested. The Danish courts,
however, decided his written and verbal attacks on Jews broke the
country's racial hatred laws and allowed his extradition.

Attorney Hans-Otto Sieg said the charges Lauck now faced did
not correspond to those on a warrant for his extradition from
Denmark, where he was arrested in March last year.

But presiding judge Bertram Reuss ruled that such objections
should be considered only after the final submissions at the end
of the trial and rejected appeals by Lauck's lawyer for an
immediate halt to the trial and the release of his client.

Sieg also said transcripts of telephone calls Lauck made from
his home in the United States to Germany, had been obtained
illegally and should be ruled inadmissible in court.

Reuss said the court would rule on the point when it was time
to consider the evidence.

``My impression is that this court has already decided to
convict my client,'' Sieg said afterwards.

In addition to the racial hatred charge, Lauck also faces
charges of portraying violence and disseminating insignia and
propaganda of anti-constitutional organizations.

*****

Date: Thu, 9 May 1996 17:18:44 -0700 (PDT)
X-within-URL: http://www.usa.net/gtonline/today/wor070.html

GT OnLine World New
_________________________________________________________________

PAST AND PRESENT CONVERGE IN ITALIAN TRIAL OF EX-NAZI
_________________________________________________________________

Associated Press

ROME -- His back to the children and grandchildren of Nazi
victims, a former SS captain listened intently Wednesday as a
clerk recounted a World War II massacre of 335 civilians and the
charges that brought him to justice.

The opening of Erich Priebke's trial -- on the 51st
anniversary of the Allied victory in Europe -- spanned past and
present as it recalled Nazi atrocities and the parallels to war
crimes being investigated today in the former Yugoslavia.

Priebke, 82, is likely to be one of the last significant Nazi
officers to face trial in a country still uncomfortable about its
Fascist past and always worried about a resurgence of
ultra-nationalism.

His trial also shares an unsettling parallel with the first
war crimes trial of the Bosnian civil war, which opened a day
earlier at The Hague. Dusan Tadic, a Bosnian Serb, is the first
person to face an international war crimes tribunal since the
Nuremberg trials a half century ago.

"The past and present are both here," said Giulia Spizzichino,
who had six relatives killed in the massacre that Priebke is
charged with. "We want justice for what happened. But we need to
show that evil is not something of the past, but is still with
us."

Priebke is charged with taking part in the slayings of 335
people in 1944 at the Ardeatine Caves outside Rome to avenge a
bombing by Italian partisans that killed 32 German soldiers. The
victims included Roman Catholic priests, a 14-year-old boy and 75
Jews. He faces a maximum sentence of life imprisonment if
convicted.

Priebke admits to killing two victims and calling out the
names of 100 others who were led to the caves, gunned down and
then dynamited in an attempt to hide the bodies.

But he insists he would have faced death himself had he not
followed orders.

"My biggest worry is that this is not a trial of Erich
Priebke, but a trial about the incarnation of Nazism and the
ferocity of Nazism," defense attorney Velio Di Rezze said.

The prosecution contends Priebke could have rejected the
orders. "He was under orders, but they were illegitimate," said
the chief military prosecutor, Antonino Intelisano.

Wearing a silver-gray suit and blue-gray tie, Priebke walked
briskly into the courtroom Wednesday surrounded by police. He did
not look at the more than 100 relatives of victims in the
chamber, including one who carried a photocopied list of the Jews
killed at the caves.

A court clerk read out a chronology of the massacre and the
charges. Priebke, his hand on his chin, listened closely,
occasionally jotting notes in a leather-bound folder and
whispering to Di Rezze. A few times, Priebke smiled.

"I told him he should lighten up. He shouldn't seem so
sinister," said Di Rezze.

Priebke lived for decades under his own name in a resort in
Argentina, his background only coming to light when he admitted
to a television interviewer in May 1994 that he took part in the
massacre. He was extradited six months ago.

Wednesday's session was dominated by procedure, as Judge
Agostino Quistelli rejected prosecution appeals to move the trial
from the cramped, wood-paneled military court to allow more space
for the media and spectators.

Court officials said the trial could last about a month. The
next session is scheduled for Friday.

*****

Date: Wed, 8 May 1996 06:06:25 -0700 (PDT)
X-within-URL: http://www.usa.net/gtonline/today/wor050.html

GT OnLine World News
_________________________________________________________________

ITALIAN PARTY HITS RAW NERVE WITH CALLS FOR SECESSION
_________________________________________________________________

Associated Press

ROME -- The Northern League has risen from being a regional
protest movement to a party that made, and then broke, a national
government.

Now, it is sending shockwaves through the establishment with
calls for northern Italy to secede, and with the appearance of an
ominous-looking green-shirted security force that evokes Italy's
fascist past.

Mainstream political parties, the Roman Catholic Church and
government officials all have protested since Northern League
leader Umberto Bossi said Saturday that the north should become a
separate nation.

The rhetoric at the rally in Mantua jumped up a notch from
Bossi's usual agenda of more autonomy for Italy's regions. His
talk touched a nerve across Italian society -- and so did the
rally's green-shirted guards, whose presence recalled Fascist
leader Benito Mussolini's black-shirted paramilitaries.

Mantua's prosecutor, Mario Luberto, is investigating whether
Bossi can be charged with threatening the unity of the state, a
crime under Italian law. And he said Tuesday that police are
looking into whether the green-shirts serve "a subversive
function."

Justice Minister Vincenzo Caianiello declared flat out Monday
that "Secession is against the constitution."

The idea also offends Italian World War II resistance veterans
who fought against fascism. Bossi is "giving life to a very
dangerous game," one veteran wrote in the Turin daily La Stampa.

The Catholic Church, long holding itself out as a champion of
national solidarity, also weighed in on the debate, with Rome
Cardinal Camillo Ruini saying that dividing Italy would hurt "the
very economic interests of our peoples."

But despite such formidable opposition, the League isn't
backing down.

"Secession means complete self-governing, either in a federal
system, or out of it," said League parliament member Fiorello
Provera. "We, as the north, have a right to defend ourselves."

Bossi brought the League to prominence in the early 1990s with
a campaign against high taxes, bureaucracy, corruption and heavy
state aid to the poorer, Mafia-ridden south.

The rumpled, gravel-voiced politician has turned provocation
into a fine art. He has called for Italians to invest abroad and
to withhold state television taxes. He has threatened to pull his
legislators out of Parliament and set up a self-proclaimed
"parliament of the North" in Mantua. He has baptized his
potential state Padania, the geographical name for the Po River
plain.

In 1994, the League joined with media magnate Silvio
Berlusconi's conservative coalition, which won elections that
year. But Berlusconi did little to appease the League's appetite
for autonomy. Bossi pulled out of the coalition and caused the
government to dissolve.

The League stayed independent in last month's national
election, scoring up to 40 percent of the vote in some northern
provinces for a surprisingly strong 10 percent showing overall.

Solid local organization has helped the League's popularity,
as well as the deep vein of voter anger in the economically
booming north, an area bursting with small businesses and
export-producing companies.

These League-supporters resent generating a lot of tax
revenue, much of it drained away by Rome for the south, in
exchange for so few public services.

"Bossi is interpreting a very widespread state of mind," said
Lucio Lami, editor of the pro-Northern League newspaper
L'Indipendente. "(He reflects) the revolt of the north against a
bureaucratic state which doesn't solve problems and ... spends
tax money without reforms."

In a recent survey by the SWG polling agency, 53 percent of
League voters said they probably or certainly would follow Bossi
down the path to secession.

At the very least, his rhetoric could push the victorious
center-left coalition to give regions more autonomy over taxes,
public spending and the justice system.

The real fear of the establishment is that northerners will
stop paying taxes en masse, Provera said.

*****

http://www.nando.net/newsroom/ntn/nation/050996/
________________________________________________________________

'BIRDIE AFRICA' SAYS BULLETS HINDERED ESCAPE FROM BURNING
MOVE HOUSE
_________________________________________________________________

Copyright &copy 1996 Nando.net
Copyright &copy 1996 The Associated Press

PHILADELPHIA (May 9, 1996 6:47 p.m. EDT) -- Children and
adults trying to flee the burning MOVE row house in 1985 were
thwarted by a barrage of bullets from outside, according to the
only child to survive the fire.

Michael Ward, known at the time as Birdie Africa, also told a
federal jury Thursday that two other children escaped the
building with him and MOVE member Ramona Africa -- a mystery,
given that the children's bodies later were found in the rubble
of the house.

"The grownups were screaming, 'We're coming out, we're coming
out,"' Ward, now 24, testified. But he and others in a
basement-level garage could hear bullets hitting the side of the
burning house, he said.

He also said he saw Ramona Africa fleeing to safety with two
children, 14-year-old Katricia "Tree" Dotson and 12-year-old Phil
Phillips, both of whom died that day. After testifying, Ward
speculated to reporters that Tree and Phil may have been hit by
police gunfire.

Ramona Africa, 40, was the only other survivor. She has taken
the city to court over the May 13, 1985, standoff, in which
authorities trying to serve four arrest warrants exchanged
gunfire, dropped a bomb on the radical group's house and allowed
the subsequent fire to burn.

Eleven people in the house died, five of them children, and 61
homes in the West Philadelphia neighborhood were destroyed.

The city, which has spent $33 million to settle lawsuits and
rebuild the neighborhood, already agreed to pay $1.7 million to
Ward, who was burned and whose mother died in the siege.

Speaking in a mumble so soft that court officers propped a
second microphone in front of him, Ward recounted for jurors what
he could remember from a day of chaos when he was a 13-year-old
called Birdie who had not been taught to read or write.

Ward said he was sleeping in a second-floor hallway that
morning when he was awakened by the voice of former Police Chief
Gregore Sambor telling people to leave the house. The children
and some of the adults, including Ramona Africa and Ward's
mother, descended to the basement, where they entered an
adjoining garage through a hole in the wall, he said.

The children and three women spent all day in the garage,
while other adults appeared occasionally from other parts of the
house. Later in the day, he said, they could feel the police
bomb.

"It, like, shook the whole house," he said. "We didn't know
what happened."

MOVE people didn't try to leave the garage until they realized
later that the house was on fire, Ward said. "We couldn't even if
we wanted to because of all the firing going on," he said.

As the house burned, an adult MOVE member holding a child
tried to crawl from the garage to an outside alley through a hole
in the wall, but retreated because of the shooting outside, Ward
said.

Later, some of the people in the basement made a run for it,
Ward said. He, two other children and Ramona Africa escaped. Ward
said that his own mother pushed him through the hole, and that
police later pulled him to safety.

Ramona Africa, who was severely burned, spent seven years in
prison on a riot charge. Outside the courtroom Thursday, she said
she didn't know what had happened to the two other children, "but
I do know that they should not be dead."

*****

X-within-URL: http://www.globe.com/globe/ap/

Boston Globe AP on the Globe Online
The Boston Globe
_________________________________________________________________

HOUSE CANDIDATE USES BIBLE TO DEFEND SOUTHERN SLAVERY
_________________________________________________________________

By Associated Press, 05/09/96

MONTGOMERY, Ala. (AP) - A white state senator running for
Congress wrote a speech in which he argued that slavery is
justified by the Bible and was good for blacks.

``People who are bitter and hateful about slavery are
obviously bitter and hateful against God and his word, because
they reject what God says and embrace what mere humans say
concerning slavery,'' Charles Davidson wrote.

Davidson, 61, a Republican from Jasper, had prepared the
speech for a Senate debate Tuesday over his proposal to fly the
Confederate battle flag over the Capitol. The measure was tabled
before he had a chance to speak, but he passed out copies later.

``It's sad to think we have anyone who has that type of
thinking in 1996. That may have been appropriate in the 1930s and
1940s, but not in 1996,'' said state Rep. Laura Hall, chairwoman
of the Legislative Black Caucus.

Davidson cited the Book of Leviticus - ``You may acquire
male and female slaves from the pagan nations that are around
you'' - and quoted 1 Timothy as saying slaves should ``regard
their own masters as worthy of all honor.''

``The incidence of abuse, rape, broken homes and murder are
100 times greater, today, in the housing projects than they ever
were on the slave plantations in the old South,'' he wrote.

``The truth is that nowhere on the face of the earth, in
all of time, were servants better treated or better loved than
they were in the Old South by white, black, Hispanic and Indian
slave owners.''

Davidson, a restaurateur elected to the state Senate in
1994, is running for the GOP nomination for the U.S. House seat
being vacated by Democrat Tom Bevill. The primary is June 4.

``The issue is not race. It's Southern heritage. I'm on a
one-man leadership crusade to get the truth out about what our
Southern heritage is all about,'' he said at a news conference
Thursday.

He added that his ancestors fought in the Civil War but
did not own slaves.

``I've never heard anything like all this. It's shocking
to me,'' said Martha Foy, state GOP national committeewoman. ``I
just find it shocking he could have spent so much time on this.''

* * * * *

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