(eng) ANTIFA INFO-BULLETIN, Supplement 30

Tom Burghardt (tburghardt@igc.apc.org)
Thu, 25 Apr 1996 03:42:16 +0200


are going to go fast! If you can't make it, please send in a
contribution for Black Political Prisoners.

FORWARD!

Sis. Marpessa
==============================

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Contact: Shaba Om
Telephone: 718/329-2353

May 13, 1996 marks the 25th anniversary of the acquittal of the
Panther 21, who in 1971 were the leadership of the eastern region
of the Black Panther Party (BPP). The Panther 21 were arrested
in a pre-dawn raid on April 2, 1969 and charged with conspiracy
to blow up the New York Botanical Gardens, department stores,
etc. On May 13, 1971, after the longest political trial in New
York's history, all 21 New York Panthers were acquitted of all
charges in just 45 minutes of jury deliberation. The acquittal
of the Panther 21 was a major political setback and embarrassment
for the Manhattan District Attorney's office and the New York
Police Intelligence unit known as BOSSI which extensively
infiltrated and disrupted the BPP's community programs. On May
14, 1996, the Committee to Celebrate the 25th Anniversary of the
Acquittal of the New York Panther 21 will host a program at the
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, located at 515
Malcolm X Boulevard (at 135th Street in Harlem) which will run
from 5:30 PM to 9:30 PM - Speakers will include former Panther
21 members:

Afeni Shakur (mother of Tupac Shakur); Dhoruba Bin-Wahad
(political prisoner for 19 years until his release in 1990);
Jamal Joseph; Kwando Kinshasha; Shaba Om; Ali Bey Hassan; and
former BPP Communications secretary, Rosemary Byrd.

The case of the Panther 21 serves as a classic example of police
infiltration and political repression which created a new
generation of political prisoners in the United States. For many
membership in the Black Panther Party proved to be a serious
liability that resulted in assassinations, frame-ups, long-term
incarceration. Unlike Mark Rudd, Jerry Rubin and other white
"radicals" who were able to re-integrate into the mainstream, the
lives of former Black Panther Party leaders were, more often than
not, irrevocably shattered. Their lives will bear the scars of
the brutal and violent repression they endured forever. Many
believe that the indictment of the Panther 21 was a racist and
politically motivated frame-up by the government, through its
Counter-Intelligence Program, to destroy the Black Panther Party
and the Black Liberation movement.

The Black Panther Party was a grassroots organization of young
Black men and women dedicated to the empowerment of Black people.
While the Black Panthers advocated self-defense they never
supported unprovoked, random, indiscriminate violence - The right
to self defense was but one of the ten points of its political
platform. Contrary to the racist image painted by the mainstream
media, the BPP was not a bunch of gun-toting thugs, blood-thirsty
fanatics -

Leaders of the Black Panther Party were targeted by the
COINTELPRO for what the FBI termed "neutralization" (a code word
for assassinations, frame-ups, imprisonments and public
vilification) in early 1969. Federal and local law enforcement
agencies successfully assassinated many Black Panthers (Fred
Hampton, Mark Clark, Zayd Shakur) or successfully imprisoned them
for life (Geronimo ji jaga pratt, Mumia Abu-Jamal, Marshall Eddie
Conway, etc.) by utilizing extra-legal means (e.g. suborning of
perjury, harassing and intimidating witnesses, withholding of
exculpatory evidence, etc.)

In the late 1960s, as the U.S. "civil rights" movement grew and
became more militant in its opposition to racist and poor
domestic and foreign policies, the FBI intensified its domestic
surveillance and counter-insurgency programs aimed at the Black
community. The BPP became the primary target of the FBI's
Counter Intelligence Program (COINTELPRO). The 1974 findings of
the Church Committee (a Senate Committee on Government
Operations) revealed that almost 90% of the FBI's counter-
intelligence activities that were aimed at the Black community
targeted the BPP. The US government's Counter-Intelligence
Program (COINTELPRO) effectively destroyed radical Black
political dissent in the US by murdering, framing, incarcerating
its leaders or forcing them into exile.

The United States denies the existence of political prisoners
within its borders - Instead, the US law enforcement agencies
classifies these former political activists that it targeted as
mere criminals. Within the US, the criminal justice system (law
enforcement, the courts, jails and prisons) is used to repress
political activists - Illegal methods were used to frame
political prisoners - A review of these cases reveal gross
patterns of prosecutorial misconduct which includes: the
fabrication or concealment of evidence by the government during
trial. Statistics prove that political prisoners consistently
receive longer prison terms than do right-wing fanatics or
non-political offenders. They are also forced to endure the
harshest conditions of confinement. The majority of political
prisoners in the US today are Black and former members of the
Black Panther Party.

COME CELEBRATE THE 25TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE ACQUITTAL OF THE NY
PANTHER 21.

We welcome your support and ask that you attend a Celebration of
the 25th Anniversary of the Panther 21 Acquittal on Tuesday May
14, 1996 at The Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture,
515 Malcolm X Blvd (at 135th Street) New York, NY 10037

Reception at 5:30pm - 6:45pm
Program (From 7:00pm - 9:15pm)

RSVP by May 3, 1996
For information call 212-410-6593
Tickets:
$500 Patron, $250 Sponsor, $100 Supporter, $50 Friend, $35
Associate, $20 General Admission

ALL PROCEEDS GO TO BENEFIT BLACK POLITICAL PRISONERS IN THE US

** End of text from cdp:justice.polabuse **

*****

X-within-URL: http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/examiner/

_________________________________________________________________

Thursday, April 18, 1996 7 Page A 10
)1996 San Francisco Examiner
_________________________________________________________________

Bombing victims sue FBI, alleging coverup

EXAMINER STAFF REPORT

Two Earth First leaders injured by a 1990 bomb blast are suing
the FBI in federal court, contending that a coverup arising from
a bogus investigation is thwarting efforts to find out what
really happened.

Judi Bari, 46, of Willits and Darryl Cherney, 40, of rural
Humboldt County were injured when a pipe bomb beneath the
driver's seat of their car exploded May 24, 1990, in Oakland.

The FBI and Oakland police initially considered them suspects
in the bombing. No one was ever arrested.

Five years ago, Bari and Cherney sued the FBI and Oakland
police, accused them of violating their civil rights by, among
other things, fabricating evidence. No trial date has been set
because of procedural delays.

The new Bari-Cherney lawsuit, filed April 8, asserts that the
FBI, aided by Oakland police, has conspired in a coverup to
defeat the earlier suit's claims of false arrest, illegal search
and seizure, and suppression of free speech - and to keep alive
suspicion that they are terrorists.

*****

http://www.nando.net/newsroom/ntn/world/041896/world9_2307.html

_________________________________________________________________

BRAZIL POLICE KILL 23 LANDLESS IN AMAZON CLASH
_________________________________________________________________

Copyright &copy 1996 Nando.net
Copyright &copy 1996 Reuter Information Service

BRASILIA (Apr 18, 1996 6:48 p.m. EDT) - Brazilian police "lost
control" and killed at least 23 landless workers while injuring
50 others in a clash on a remote Amazon highway, officials said
on Thursday.

The fighting erupted late on Wednesday as police tried to
clear about 2,500 landless workers blocking a highway to demand
land near Eldorado de Carajas, a small town, 430 miles (692 km)
south of Belem, capital of Para state in northern Brazil.

Para security official Ariosto de Paes said all those killed
were members of the landless group while two or three police
officers were in serious condition in hospital.

Para governor Almir Gabriel blamed the killings on a police
colonel in charge of the operation who "lost control at a crucial
moment." The official had been suspended from duty.

The Landless Movement (MST), representing millions of
displaced rural workers in Brazil, said a 3-year-old girl was
among the dead and accused police of opening fire.

"This is the worst ever massacre of landless and worse still,
it was a massacre foretold," said Joao Pedro Stedlhe, national
director of the MST.

He said that after a similar killing of landless workers last
year the MST had warned that failure to speed up the government's
lagging land reform programme would mean bloodshed.

President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, who has pledged he will
settle 280,000 families, said the massacre was "unacceptable" and
a throwback to a "Brazil of the past."

Explaining the incident, state security officials said about
100 police were attempting to clear the landless workers from the
highway when shots were fired at officers.

"The order we gave was for the highway to be cleared and
remain cleared," Para's head of security Paulo Sette Camara told
Globo television. "Of course if the military police were
excessive -- and from what we can see they were -- those excesses
will be investigated."

Images filmed by a television crew showed officers firing
their guns into the air as they retreated under a hail of sticks
and missiles thrown by members of the landless group.

The film also showed wounded men and women, a man among them
waving a pistol and corpses piled on a mortuary floor.

Ana Julia Carepa from Para, a deputy of the left-wing Workers
Party who works closely with the landless movement, said on local
radio that the workers were told by police they would be given
food and buses to take their year-old claims to a local farm to
Para state capital Belem.

But instead, police brought in a bus filled with weapons and
ammunition and began attacking the peasants, the deputy said.

Justice Minister Nelson Jobim was heading a delegation of
congressmen and human rights officials on its way to Belem and
possibly on to Maraba, a ministry spokesman said.

The MST claims that nearly 5 million families need land to
survive in Brazil and encourages groups to invade private estates
which are not being used for farming to pressure the government
to speed up its slow land reform program.

*****

X-within-URL: http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/chronicle/

_________________________________________________________________

Friday, April 19, 1996 7 Page A10
)1996 San Francisco Chronicle
_________________________________________________________________

Bitter Divisions in Italy's Left, Right
Party stalwarts oppose moderation

Frank Viviano, Chronicle Staff Writer

Palermo, Sicily

The rancor of fed-up Italians is the chief political currency
of demagogues like Salvatore (Toto) Maltese, who is running for
the Senate in a sprawling electoral district that includes 38
towns and cities west of Palermo.

Standing on a makeshift stage in Terrasini's central piazza
two weeks before the election, he thrusts his jaw forward as he
speaks and pumps his clenched fists up and down in unmistakable
imitation of Benito Mussolini.

Maltese is a key figure in Fiamma -- the Flame -- an extremist
splinter group from the neofascist National Alliance (AN). Fiamma
loyalists dismiss AN leader Gianfranco Fini as a moderate who has
betrayed true fascism by forming a conservative coalition with
media baron Silvio Berlusconi's Forza Italia (Let's Go Italy).

The coalition, known as the Liberty Pole, ``practices the
politics of the supermarket,'' Maltese charges. ``Like their
rivals in the Olive Tree'' -- the center-left coalition -- ``they
pick and choose from the shelves any idea they think will get
them elected.''

By objective estimates, however, Fini is one of Europe's most
unapologetic rightists, who has publicly defended Mussolini's
legacy on many occasions. It is a measure of Italy's drift toward
the extremes that he, rather than Berlusconi, is now favored in
public opinion surveys to lead the Liberty Pole coalition.

The largest single political organization in Italy after the
election -- but without the majority necessary to govern,
according to the latest polls -- will probably be the Democratic
Party of the Left (PDS), the nominal heir to the Italian
Communist Party and the mainstay of the Olive Tree coalition.

As a bitter and clamorous argument at party headquarters in
Terrasini in early April suggested, many PDS activists share Toto
Maltese's view that the left has joined Berlusconi in the aisles
of supermarket politics.

The shouting was over a decision by the PDS national
leadership to withdraw its own candidate from the legislative
race in western Sicily and to present a united Olive Tree front
in support of former Christian Democratic politician Sergio
Mattarella.

In the anarchic swamp of Italian politics today, half of the
dismantled Christian Democratic Party is presenting candidates
under the Olive Tree. The other half has climbed onto the Liberty
Pole.

PDS local secretary Giovanni Ruffino described the decision as
``a gesture toward realism'' in a constituency that has
historically backed the Christian Democrats more consistently
than any other in Italy.

But that was no consolation to the Sicilian PDS rank and file,
who had been described for years by Christian Democrats as
``godless Reds'' on the direct payroll of organized crime.

``Ask me to work as much as you like on local issues,'' said
one PDS member at the meeting. ``But don't expect me to campaign
for this man.''

The awkward united front of the Olive Tree was not the sole
irritant. Intent on claiming the vacant center of Italian
politics, the nominally leftist PDS has embraced a program of
fiscal sobriety, federalism and tax and pension reforms that
could easily pass for the platform of the U.S. Republican Party.

Hence the continued rise of populism, behind extremist banners
of various colors that at least appear to stand for something.

*****

Date: Tue, 16 Apr 1996 23:03:14 -0700 (PDT)
From: Michael Novick <mnovickttt@igc.apc.org>

Race-Based Claim by Sen. Rogers Brings Call for Resignation
Tuesday, April 16, 1996 L.A. TIMES

By CARL INGRAM, Times Staff Writer

A top Democratic leader on Monday demanded the resignation of a
Republican legislator who claimed he was exempt from paying
federal income taxes because of what he said was his "white man's
citizenship."

State Sen. Richard G. Polanco of Los Angeles, chairman of the
majority Senate Democratic caucus, called on state Sen. Don
Rogers of Tehachapi to resign. Other Democrats prepared formal
complaints seeking Rogers' ouster.

The demands were made in the aftermath of reports late last
week that the veteran lawmaker had declared himself in 1992 a
"nonresident alien" and holder of a "white man's citizenship" for
income tax purposes.

At the time, Rogers was fighting an effort by the Internal
Revenue Service to collect about $150,000 in back taxes, interest
and penalties. Eventually, the dispute was settled.

In documents filed at the courthouse in Sonoma County, Rogers
claimed that the Constitution's 14th Amendment, which granted
citizenship to former slaves after the Civil War, exempted white
males born in the United States from income taxes.

A Sonoma County government official said the document carried
no legal authority but was remarkably similar to political
statements filed by tax protesters such as the "freemen" movement
in some Western states. Rogers is a defender of militias that
claim governmental powers threaten the liberties of citizens.

On Monday, Polanco and fellow Democratic Sen. Diane Watson of
Los Angeles and Tom Hayden of Santa Monica assailed Rogers, who
is serving his final year in the Legislature because of term
limits.

"This person who has aligned himself with the militias has
now aligned himself with the notion that people don't have to pay
taxes if they happen to be of a certain color and gender,"
Polanco told reporters. Even though Rogers will retire this year,
Polanco said Rogers "ought to do everyone a favor and shorten his
stay, expedite it. He ought to move forward and submit his
resignation."

As he hurried to an elevator a few minutes later, Rogers told
reporters: "No, I'm not going to [resign]."

Rogers has told the Bakersfield Californian that he later
decided the claim on which he based his tax argument had no
merit.

Hayden and Watson criticized Rogers during Senate floor
speeches.

Later, Watson said she will file complaints against Rogers
with the Senate rules and ethics committees, charging that he
cannot legally hold his Senate seat at the same time he proclaims
himself a noncitizen.

"Is tax dodging a new form of welfare for the militant right?"
Watson said in a statement. "How ironic that the very same
extreme conservatives that would dismantle our safety net
and block opportunity for women and minority students would be
quietly renouncing their U.S. citizenship to avoid taxes."

Senate leader Bill Lockyer (D-Hayward), who also has
criticized Rogers, said it was uncertain whether an investigation
will be done or which committee would handle it.

Lockyer said that if the Rules Committee investigates and
finds Rogers acted improperly, it could recommend his expulsion,
which would require a two-thirds vote of the Senate. A lesser
penalty, such as censure, would require only a majority vote, he
said.

Copyright Los Angeles Times

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