(Eng) Bulgarian Anarchist Federation Congress (Fr)

neil birrell (neil@lds.co.uk)
Tue, 23 Jan 1996 18:42:44 +0100


The following article first appeared in Le Monde Libertaire 18th Jan 1996
The English version is soon to be published in FREEDOM
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LE VIIIe CONGRES DE LA FEDERATION ANARCHISTE
BULGARE
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LE MONDE LIBERTAIRE
145 RUE AMELOT
PARIS
TEL (1) 48 05 34 08
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RESUMO ESPERANTA
English text follows

Multaj problemoj atendas la bulgaroj anarkistoj. La situacio en la
lando estas tre malbonega. Junuloj kuras de ilin responsabiliton
kai ili estas malinterese al la debato de ideoj. Tamen, la komradoj
konas la situacio. Ili estas dedikadaj al la organizo kai la solidario
ke oni trovas en g'ia koro. Ni volas sukceson por la du.

Ni sukcesos! Antau'en!
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THE 8TH CONGRESS OF THE BULGARIAN ANARCHIST
CONFERENCE

THE EIGHTH CONGRESS of the Bulgarian Anarchist Federation
has taken place in Sofia, the capital. For two days - the 23rd and 24th
September 1995 - in a large hall of the Alexandra-Stambolijski
Farmers Union. The hall was packed. Most of those present were
representing local organisations from towns and villages. There were
also guests - anarchist sympathisers. Some of those invited were
writers, journalists, members of the Farmers Union and social
democrats. They had all spent long years with the anarchists in
concentration camps under the yoke of the Bulgarian Communist
Party. They came to salute the anarchists and their congress for whom
they have respect because of their courageous behaviour in the
Bulgarian gulag.

The most emotional part was when the writer Josif Petrov saluted the
anarchists for their courage in the fight for justice and liberty. He
dedicated a poem to them. This was recited by an artist and the
meeting was enchanted.

In the afternoon only the delegates were in the hall. Constructive
work began. Christo Boitchev, a member of the organisation in
Plovdiv, read his report on the national and international state of
affairs. He gave a profound and detailed report well backed up with
statistical evidence concerning global developments and concluding
that we are facing a deep crisis to West and East, North and South.

The social, material, economic and moral situation in Bulgaria is not
only degrading - it is intolerable! Unemployment is making shocking
progress. Retired people have been lunged into misery. The last rise in
their pensions was a farce and an insult to humanities honour.
Workers wages are low and are well short of inflation which goes
ever upward - out of control and beyond reason. In one year the prices
for bread, cheese, meat and oil have doubled where they have not
tripled. Crime is now threatening so the citizen has been plunged into
fear.

THE BAF PROPOSALS TO GET OUT OF THE CRISIS

The dissolution of military forces.
A declaration of true neutrality distanced from all military
alliances.
To create, within the country, an organisation for peace which aims
to work with neighbouring people against war.
Form groups in districts and communes under citizen control - the
police, who in the majority have links to the criminal mafia, being
incapable of getting rid of crime. These groups should stand up to
the new mafia which has emerged from the Communist Party.
At the same time a struggle against the new millionaires who are
using the people's money which was stolen by the Communist
party: to organise free co-ops in agriculture, industry and
distribution.
To organise a free commune outside the shadow of the state at the
heart of which citizens may express their wishes and oversee the
execution of projects decided upon by the General Assemblies.

Stoian Tzolav, who participated on the side of the Spanish anarchists
in the revolution of 1936 and who spent any years in the fascist
concentration camps of Bulgaria before being sentenced to death
(later commuted to life imprisonment) by the Communist Party in
1949, gave a report on the international anarchist movement.

Christo Kolev, a member of the BAF secretariat and a member from
Karlovo, gave a talk on the state of anarchism in Bulgaria.

The commission concerned with the finances of the Federation gave a
very detailed report with full receipts for expenditure. The finances
whilst not great are not hopeless.

The commission that is concerned with raising money to buy premises
for the BAF announced that it had accrued about a million leva. The
congress appointed five persons to deal with the purchase of a
property.

The congress appointed a federal council as an editorial board for the
BAF's journal - Free Thought. The council elected from within itself
an overall editor.

The congress chose a federal council to deal with relations with both
internal and external organisations.

Many problems await the Bulgarian anarchists. The situation within
the country is disastrous. Young people flee from their
responsibilities and are indifferent to the debate of ideas. However,
the comrades are aware of the situation. They are dedicated to the
organisation and the solidarity found in its heart. Both are worthy of
success.

We will succeed. Onwards!

FREEDOM PRESS
http://www.lglobal.com/TAO/Freedom