Will there be war or peace in Kansas?

United Tribe Of Shawnee Indians (hdqrs@oz.sunflower.org)
Wed, 17 Jan 1996 00:19:01 -0600 (CST)


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For your info. Please post world wide. Thank you.
Jim Oyler, Shawnee Indian

Jimmie D. Oyler, Principal Chief
United Tribe of Shawnee Indians
P.O. Box 637
Shawnee Reserve 206
De Soto, Kansas 66018
913-583-3236
E-Mail Hdqrs@oz.sunflower.org

January 16, 1996

The Honorable Bill Graves,
Governor
State Capitol, 2nd. Floor
Topeka, Ks 66612

Dear Governor Graves:

Certified mail Number Z 064 057 438.

Attached you will find a copy of Motions with Demand and
Warning to you, the Secretary of Revenue and the BOTA.

The State of Kansas and all political subdivisions thereof
to include your office, your politically appointed Department of
Revenue and your politically appointed Board of Tax Appeals
(BOTA) has one of two choices. War or Peace with the United
Tribe of Shawnee Indians.

All concerned "shall" comply with the mandatory command of
the word "shall" as contained the United States Constitution,
United States Treaties with the Shawnee and others and the Kansas
Acts.

No longer will the State of Kansas and political
subdivisions thereof harm the Shawnee Indian men, women and
children of the United Tribe of Shawnee Indians in any way, shape
or form by violating the Constitution, numerous United States
Treaties with the Shawnee and others or the Kansas Acts.

A copy of this letter will be sent to the President of the
United States and others.

I will meet with you at any public location, where the press
is present, if you select peace and state you will comply with
the Constitution, United States Treaties with the Shawnee and
others and the Kansas Acts.

The choice is up to you Governor Graves, what shall your
answer be? Peace or war?

Sincerely,

/S/

Jimmie D. Oyler

BEFORE THE BOARD OF TAX APPEALS OF THE STATE OF KANSAS

(BOTA)

Shawnee Indian Jimmie D. Oyler )
for himself and other tribal )
members of the United Tribe of )
Shawnee Indians, )
) In the matter of the
) Appeal of taxes imposed
v. ) on Shawnee Indian Jimmie
) D. Oyler by the Director
The Director of Taxation, ) of Taxation.
Kansas Department of Revenue. )
) Docket No. 93-9368-DT


MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION OF THE BOTA'S DECISION DATED
10 JANUARY, 1996,
BECAUSE THE DECISION OF THE BOTA TO TAX SHAWNEE INDIANS
WITHIN SHAWNEE INDIAN COUNTRY IS UNLAWFUL AND VIOLATES
THE U.S. CONSTITUTION, UNITED STATES TREATIES WITH THE
SHAWNEE AND OTHERS AND THE KANSAS ACTS, AND

MOTION THE GOVERNOR, THE SECRETARY OF REVENUE AND
THE BOTA SHOW EVIDENCE AND AUTHENTICATION THAT
THE CONGRESS HAS GRANTED KANSAS CIVIL JURISDICTION
(TAX AND REGULATION) AUTHORITY OVER SHAWNEE INDIAN'S
WHO ARE TRIBAL MEMBERS OF THE UNITED TRIBE
OF SHAWNEE INDIANS WITHIN SHAWNEE INDIAN COUNTRY, AND

DEMAND WITH WARNING TO THE GOVERNOR, SECRETARY OF REVENUE
AND THE BOTA FOR RETURN OF INDIAN PROPERTY, COST FOR LEGAL
FEES AND LOST INCOME.

COPY TO

A copy of the above listed Motions and Demand with Warning
to the Governor, Secretary of Revenue and the BOTA, all of the
State of Kansas, will be forwarded to the following:

President of the United States, Senate Majority Leader,
Speaker of the House, the Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs
and numerous Newspapers, TV stations and others by regular mail
and E-Mail.

BACKGROUND

On January 23, 1990, the State of Kansas, commenced and
committed an act of war on Shawnee Indians located Shawnee Indian
Country, (18 U.S.C. Section 1151 a, b & c), known as Shawnee
Reserve 206, by violating the Constitution of the United States,
United States Treaties with the Shawnee and others and the Kansas
Acts, by the use of armed force to trespass and invade Indian
Country known as Shawnee Reserve 206 and steal Shawnee Indian
property, in an attempt to impose civil (tax and regulation)
jurisdiction upon Shawnee Indian Country and the Shawnee Indians
thereon, by bootstrapping civil jurisdiction to criminal
jurisdiction.

Now on 10 January, 1996, the BOTA, composed of political
appointees of the Governor, is again attempting to do the same by
imposing a tax on Shawnee Indian Jimmie D. Oyler, Principal Chief
of the United Tribe of Shawnee Indians.

DEMAND WITH WARNING

DEMAND: All Indian property taken on January 23, 1990 and
or an equal amount of money, with legal fees and lost Indian
income, estimated to exceed $1,000,000 "shall" be returned to the
Shawnee Indians.

WARNING: The State of Kansas and all political subdivisions
thereof are hereby warned that total compliance with the
Constitution of the United States, United States Treaties with
the Shawnee and others, treaties that are the Supreme Law of the
Land as guaranteed by the United States Constitution and the
Kansas Acts "shall" be mandatory. Without total compliance total
war between the United Tribe of Shawnee Indians and the State of
Kansas "shall" be the end result.

JUSTIFICATION FOR THE ABOVE MOTIONS AND
DEMAND WITH WARNING

CONGRESSIONAL POWER OF CONGRESS OVER INDIAN TREATIES AND
COMPENSATION UNDER THE FIFTH AMENDMENT TO THE UNITED STATES
CONSTITUTION

Indian treaties were, and remain today, the Supreme law
of the land, superior to the laws of any state, and
protected by Article VI of the United States
Constitution. Only the Congress, through the exercise
of it's plenary power over Indian affairs, may
terminate Indian treaty rights. Should the abrogation
of such rights occur, however, the affected tribes
would be entitled to compensation under the Fifth
Amendment to the United States Constitution. Menominee
Tribe v. United States, 391 U.S. 404.

CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE UNITED STATES

PROTECTION PROVIDED THE
UNITED TRIBE OF SHAWNEE INDIANS BY THE
CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES

Article I, Section 8, Clause 3, the Commerce Clause and
Section 10 Clause 1, the Contracts Clause.

The Commerce Clause provide as follows:
"Powers delegated to congress" ...To regulate commerce with
foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the
Indian tribes;...

The Contracts Clause provides as follows:

...No State shall...pass any...Law impairing the Obligation
of Contracts...

Article III, Section I, The Judicial Branch, The Supreme
Court: reads as follows:

...The judicial power of the United States shall be vested
in one Supreme Court...The judges, both of the Supreme Court
and inferior courts, shall hold their office during good
behavior...

Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1, The Privileges and

Immunities Clause of the Constitution states as follows:

...The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all
Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several
States...

Article VI, Clause 2, The Supremacy Clause states as

follows:

...2. This Constitution and the laws of the United States
which shall be made pursuant thereof, and all treaties made,
or which shall be made, under the authority of the United
States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges
in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the
Constitution or laws of any state to the contrary
notwithstanding...

UNITED STATES TREATIES WITH THE SHAWNEE & OTHERS, TO INCLUDE
TREATIES WITH FRANCE AND GREAT BRITAIN, AND
ASSOCIATED ACT'S OF CONGRESS

Treaty with the Shawnee, January 31, 1786 (7 Stat. 26).
Article VII of the Treaty with the Shawnee, January 31,
1786, (7 Stat. 26) states as follows:

"If any citizen of the United States shall presume to,
settle upon the lands allotted to the Shawanoes by this
treaty, he or they shall be put out of the protection of the
United States."

Ordinance of the Confederated Congress, dated July 7, 1787,
(1 Stat. 50). Article III of subject Ordinance contained the
following:

...The utmost good faith shall always be observed
towards the Indians; their land and property shall
never be taken from them without their consent; and in
their property, rights, and liberty they never shall be
invaded or disturbed, unless in just and lawful wars
authorized by Congress; but laws found in justice and
humanity shall, from time to time, be made for
preventing wrongs being done to them, and preserving
peace and friendship with them...

Treaty with the Wyandot, Delaware, Shawnee, Ottawas,
Chippewa, Potawatomis, Miamis, Eel-River, Wea's, Kickapoos,
Piankeshaw's and Kaskaskias, August 3, 1795 (7 Stat. 49).
Article VI of the Treaty with the Shawnee, etc., August 3, 1795,
(7 Stat. 77), expanded trespass to include the following:

"may drive off the settler, or punish him in such manner as
they shall think fit;"

Treaty with France, April 30, 1803 (8 Stat. 200) called "The
Louisiana Purchase". Article VI, of subject treaty contained the
following guarantee:

...The United States promise to execute such treaties
and articles as may have been agreed between Spain and
the tribes and nations of Indians, until, by mutual
consent of the United States and the said tribes or
nations, other suitable articles shall have been agreed
upon...

Treaty with Great Britain, December 24, 1814,(8 Stat.
218). The Ninth Article of subject treaty concerned the
ratification of Indian treaties and is stated as follows:

...The United States of America engage to put an end,
immediately after the ratification of the present treaty, to
hostilities with all the tribes or nations of Indians with
whom they may be at war at the time of such ratification;
and forthwith to restore to such tribes or nations,
respectively, all possessions, rights, and privileges, which
they may have enjoyed or been entitled to in one thousand
eight hundred and eleven, previous to such hostilities;...
Provided always...

Treaty with the Wyandot, Seneca, Delaware, Shawnee,
Potawatomi, Ottawa, Chippewa, September 29, 1817 (7 Stat. 160).
Article 15 of subject treaty states as follows:

...The tracts of land herein granted to the chiefs, for
the use of the Wyandot, Shawnee, Seneca and Delaware
Indians, and the reserve for the Ottawa Indians, shall
not be liable to taxes of any kind so long as such land
continues the property of the said Indians...

On May 28, 1830, the Congress of the United States passed,
Act of the Congress of the United States, (4 Stat. at L. p. 411
chap. 148) whereby the President of the United States was
directed to select a country west of the Mississippi, to remove
and settle the Indians upon reads as follows:

Section 3 of the Act provided as follows: ...That in
making any such exchange or exchanges, it shall and may be
lawful for the President solemnly to assure the tribe or
nation with which the exchange is made, that the United
States will forever secure and guarantee to them, and their
heirs and successors, the country so exchanged with them;
and if they prefer it, that the United States will cause a
patent or grant to be made and executed to them for same...
See: May 28, 1830 Act of Congress (4 Stat. at L. p. 411
chap. 148)

The May 28, 1830 Act of the Congress of the United States,
(4 Stat. at L. p. 411 chap. 148) was incorporated into the Treaty
with the Shawnee, August 8, 1831 (7 Stat. 355). Article X, of
the 1831 Treaty with the Shawnee, promised and guaranteed that:

...The lands granted by this agreement and convention to
the said band or tribe of Shawnee, shall not be sold or
ceded by them, except to the United States. And the United
States guarantee that the said lands shall never be within
the bounds of any state or territory, nor subject to the
laws thereof: And further, that the President of the United
States will cause said tribe to be protected at their
intended residence, against all interruptions or
disturbances from any other tribe or nations of Indians, or
from any other person or persons whatever...

THE KANSAS ACTS

The Act to Organize the territory of Kansas (Act of May 30,
1854, ch. 59, section 19, 10 Stat. 283) was passed May 30, 1854.
The jurisdiction of the territory created by the Kansas Organic
Act, as to rights of the Indians within subject territory was not
to extend to the Indians, their rights of person or property, "so
long as such rights should remain unextinguished by treaty with
them".

Section 19, of the Organic Act is quoted as follows:

...That nothing in this act contained shall be
construed to impair the rights of persons or property
now pertaining to the Indians in said Territory, so
long as such rights shall remain unextinguished by
treaty between the United States and such Indians, or
to include any territory which with any Indian tribe is
now, without the consent of said Tribe, to be included
within the territorial limits or jurisdiction of any
state or Territory; but all such territory shall be
excepted out of the boundaries and constitute no part
of the territory of Kansas, until such tribe shall
signify their assent to the President of the United
States to be included within said Territory of
Kansas...

On July 29, 1859, a Constitution for the State of Kansas was
formed. Section I of the Constitution provides that:

...That all rights of individuals should continue as if
no state had been formed or change in government
made...

On January 29, 1861, an Act for the Admission of Kansas into
the Union (Act of January 29, 1861, ch. 20, section I, 12
Stat.126) was passed by the Congress of the United States.
Section I of the Act for Admission is identical to Section 19 of
the Kansas Organic Act and reads as follows:

...That nothing contained in the said Constitution
respecting the boundary of said State shall be
construed to impair the rights of person or property
now pertaining to the Indians of said Territory, so
long as such rights shall remain unextinguished by
treaty between the United States and such Indian tribe,
is not, without the consent of such tribe, to be
included within the territory limits or jurisdiction of
any State or Territory; but all such territory shall be
excepted out of the boundaries, and constitute no part
of the State of Kansas, until said tribe shall signify
their assent to the president of the United States to
be included within said state, or to, affect the
authority of the government of the United States to
make any regulation respecting such Indians, their
lands, property, or other rights, by treaty, law, or
otherwise, which it would have been competent to make
if this act had never passed... See: The Kansas
Indians (Blue Jacket v. The Board of Commissioners of
the County of Johnson), 72 U.S. (5 Wall) 737, (1867).

WHEREFOR: The State of Kansas and all political
subdivisions thereof to include the Office of the Governor, the
Office of the Secretary of Revenue, and the Board of Tax Appeals
(BOTA) has one of two choices, WAR with the United Tribe of
Shawnee Indians or PEACE with the United Tribe of Shawnee
Indians.

What shall it be, peace or war?

Submitted

/S/

Jimmie D. Oyler

CERTIFICATION

I, Shawnee Indian Jimmie D. Oyler, Principal Chief of the
United Tribe of Shawnee Indians, do certify that a true and
correct copy of the above Motions and Demand with Warning in
Docket No. 93-9368-DT was placed in the United States Mail this
date, January 16th, 1996, addressed to the following:

Governor, State of Kansas
Topeka, KS. 66612

Director of Taxation
DSOB, 915 S.W. Harrison, 3rd F1
Topeka, KS 66612

Brian Cox, ESQ.
c/o General Counsel, Dept of Revenue
DSOB, 915 S.W. Harrison, 2nd F1
Topeka, Kansas 66612

Board of Tax Appeals
Docking State Office Building
Topeka, KS 66612-1505

Additional copies were sent to the President of the United
States and others by United States Mail or E-Mail.

/S/

Jimmie D. Oyler
Principal Chief,
United Tribe of Shawnee Indians
P.O. Box 637
Shawnee Reserve 206
De Soto, KS 66018
913-583-3236

E-Mail
Hdqrs@oz.sunflower.org

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