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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #286 - Nicaragua: Ortega, from popular power to liberal business (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Fri, 5 Oct 2018 08:43:46 +0300


In the 1980s, Ortega ruled the country in a popular and progressive way. But since 2007, his clan has gradually adopted the institutions in a clearly neoliberal perspective. ---- At the head of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), Daniel Ortega governed Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990 with a vision of popular and progressive power in a country ravaged by civil war. In 1990, during the presidential elections, although the majority of the population then support the FSLN, the weariness of the civil war between the Sandinista government and the Contras-Revolutionaries, then funded by the United States, as well as the rejection of the service Mandatory military are right Ortega, who against all odds, loses the presidential election.
Returning to power in 2007, Ortega wants to be a candidate for his succession in 2011. The Nicaraguan constitution does not allow more than two presidential terms he must obtain a majority that he does not have in the Assembly (Nicaraguan Senate) in to modify it. He made a deal with former right-wing president Arnoldo Alemán of the Liberal Constitutionalist Party (PLC), then imprisoned for corruption during his reign (1997-2002). Ortega negotiates the release of Alemán in exchange for support from the PLC. Alemán is not only released but also presidential candidate of 2011 and at the same time the Constitutional Court authorizes Ortega to stand for a third term. After these negotiations with a right-wing criminal, it becomes clear that Ortega is not afraid to use his power and state entities for his personal benefit. Since then, he has pursued a policy of total centralization of power in which all state officials must be loyal to him if they want to keep their posts. Several examples can be cited: the obligation for public officials to participate in Party events such as demonstrations in support of the government or, more recently, the prohibition to participate in demonstrations or even to approve them publicly. More than 130 doctors and 40 professors from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua (UNAN) have been fired. It is with this strategy of manipulation and concentration of power that Ortega is " he has pursued a policy of total centralization of power in which all state officials must be loyal to him if they want to keep their posts. Several examples can be cited: the obligation for public officials to participate in Party events such as demonstrations in support of the government or, more recently, the prohibition to participate in demonstrations or even to approve them publicly. More than 130 doctors and 40 professors from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua (UNAN) have been fired. It is with this strategy of manipulation and concentration of power that Ortega is " he has pursued a policy of total centralization of power in which all state officials must be loyal to him if they want to keep their posts. Several examples can be cited: the obligation for public officials to participate in Party events such as demonstrations in support of the government or, more recently, the prohibition to participate in demonstrations or even to approve them publicly. More than 130 doctors and 40 professors from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua (UNAN) have been fired. It is with this strategy of manipulation and concentration of power that Ortega is " the obligation for public officials to participate in Party events such as demonstrations in support of the government or, more recently, the ban on participating in demonstrations or even publicly endorsing them. More than 130 doctors and 40 professors from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua (UNAN) have been fired. It is with this strategy of manipulation and concentration of power that Ortega is " the obligation for public officials to participate in Party events such as demonstrations in support of the government or, more recently, the ban on participating in demonstrations or even publicly endorsing them. More than 130 doctors and 40 professors from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua (UNAN) have been fired. It is with this strategy of manipulation and concentration of power that Ortega is " reelected "in 2011, then in 2016 with his wife, Rosario Murillo, as vice president.

A betrayal of Sandinism
From the economic point of view, it's not better. In 2007, Ortega received tremendous support from Venezuela's Hugo Chavez to meet Nicaragua's oil needs. He takes the opportunity to enrich himself and his family and to control the country. Venezuelan aid was never administered by the state but by the private company Albanisa, whose subsidiary Petronic, which supplies oil, is owned by the Ortega-Murillo family. One of their sons, Laureano Ortega, is the director of the Pro-Nicaragua Agency, which was responsible for managing the $ 50 million investment for the construction of the Nicaragua Canal, a project that has never started and was very much disputed by the peasants. These funds have enabled the Ortega-Murillo family to create a whole series of private companies and to become owners of the main media including television channels and radios. Ortega has developed relationships with the business community, creating free zones and offering major concessions provided that these people never intervene in politics. Ortega controls all state institutions, justice and the police. The economic interests of the Ortega-Murillo family, and the conduct of a completely neo-liberal policy backed by the IMF are proof of a betrayal of Sandinism and all those who fought for the revolution. It is for this reason that many former fighters of the revolution and former leaders of the FSLN, like Dora Maria Téllez or even General Ortega's elder brother, General Humberto Ortega, criticize the president for his lackluster, un-socialist, violent and centralized policies. Ortega's slogan " Nicaragua socialist, Christian and solidarity "is an empty message. His government is not socialist and even less popular and progressive, it is more like a neoliberal oligarchy.

Pavel Bautista

http://www.alternativelibertaire.org/?Nicaragua-Ortega-du-pouvoir-populaire-a-l-affairisme-liberal
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