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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #286 - Nicaragua: Power in the Storm Zone (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Sun, 30 Sep 2018 10:00:26 +0300

Since April 18, the country is shaken by a protest movement. Started to oppose the reform of the Social Security, the popular demonstrations violently repressed gave birth to a composite movement against the authoritarian system of the president Daniel Ortega. Back on this mobilization that woke up Nicaragua. ---- On April 16, the government launched a social security reform without debate in the Assembly, signed directly by Ortega and published two days later. On April 18, young students decided to demonstrate and did not communicate the venue until one hour before its start. The meeting place was to remain secret for a while, so that the government could not occupy this space beforehand by its sympathizers and officials forced to demonstrate in favor of the Ortega regime. The goal is not to let young people demonstrate on this public space and to dislocate their movements. Indeed, a week before, the locations planned for the demonstrations against the negligence of the government in the management of the fire of the Indio Maiz nature reserve in the south-east of the country, festivity "organized by the government to show the support of the people in Ortega.

During the demonstration on April 18 against the reform of the Social Security, students and students are very violently attacked by the Sandinista Youth, civilians organized and paid by the government. Present at this time, the national police does not intervene and, with complicity, let the Sandinista youths suppress the protesters with aluminum tubes and other knives in complete impunity, even under their protection.

Sandinista Youth suppresses protests
The next day, several universities rebel and protest. The police strongly repressed these demonstrations and deplore the first extrajudicial executions provoked by real shots firing at the protesters' heads, breasts and stomachs. Several media that transmitted the clashes are censored. From then on, protests broaden in favor of freedom of expression, the right to demonstrate peacefully and demand justice for the murdered youth.

Since the suspension of the reform, the repression continues and it is a real terror of state, led by the police and militia paramilitary masked and armed, that falls on the population: in the neighborhoods of several cities, on the highways occupied by the peasants and even in the houses of the opponents. The record of the repression is very heavy with hundreds of people murdered, detained and tortured in prison and thousands of wounded.

This protest movement that awakened Nicaragua began with the mobilization of students from several universities spontaneously. In other words, these young people were not members of a political party or organized movement. It is after the repression of April 18 and the death of the demonstrators that the Nicaraguan society has solidarisée with the students: spontaneously people provide food, medicines and create makeshift hospitals for the wounded who are not admitted in state hospitals. Notably because of the order that some public hospitals have to not receive young people shot and wounded.

The central role of the Civic Alliance
On 22 April, as Ortega decided to revoke the reform and organize a national dialogue, the movement began to organize. The student youth is getting organized and is starting to receive support from other sectors such as employers (Higher Council of Private Enterprise, former ally of Ortega), peasants, especially the movement against the Nicaraguan canal, and the organizations in favor of human rights. Today, this movement is represented by the Civic Alliance for Justice and Democracy whose objectives are to democratize the country, restore the independence of state institutions and obtain justice for the victims of extrajudicial executions, the wounded , detainees, threatened and victims of enforced disappearances. All this being possible only if Ortega decides to leave the power. No political party is part of either the Civic Alliance or the movement in general. Some politicians, including the Liberal Constitutionalist Party (PLC), have stated their support for the movement but have been heavily criticized for wanting to appropriate the popular struggle.

A movement marked by diversity
In the demonstrations, it is possible to see Catholics, evangelists, atheists, feminists, ecologists, right-wing and left-wing people, including Sandinistas who also demand the liberation of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) from the domination of the Ortega clan. The movement is therefore marked by diversity and seeks a concrete goal: to get Ortega and his family

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