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(ca) alas barricadas: [Mexico - Michoacán]2nd Encounter for Self-Determination of Peoples in Nahuatzen by Gavroche
Fri, 1 Jun 2018 09:06:59 +0300
ALB News - The autonomous Mexican municipalities are organizing little by little. On May
13 there was a meeting in the town of Nahuatzen, one of these rebellious people who
organize themselves by following the customs and uses and renouncing the political
parties. Here you have a storyabout this locality In the case of Nahutatzen, the town
self-determined in 2015 after verifying the abandonment of years by the authorities. Then
there was a general assembly of the 4 neighborhoods that make up the municipality that
have been leading the affairs of the people. Last year they asked the authorities to be
governed by the system of uses and customs and suspend political parties in the town,
which is constitutional, but that the authorities normally or not granted or initiate an
interminable bureaucratic process.
In the news that is attached to the summary of the meeting, a list is made of the 40
communities that already make up the Superior Indigenous Council of the state of
Michoacán. As we see in other news from Mexico, the indigenous and popular rebellions are
extended and organized. It should be noted that the member communities in the indigenous
superior council will refuse to install polling stations in their territory in the next
Participation of the Supreme Indigenous Council of Michoacán in the 2nd Meeting for the
Self-Determination of the Peoples.
Nahuatzen: Self-determination, Self-government and Autonomy.
The original community of Nahuatzen, is historically and proudly a p'urhépecha community,
this is demonstrated in its primordial title, the "Lienzo de Nahuatzen", a pictographic
document that provides geographic, historical and social information, and in which it is
confirmed that Nahuatzen maintains pre-Hispanic origins, is a community that was founded
by Señores del lineage uacusecha and p'urhépecha warriors of Sevina and Cheran.
In this P'urhépecha town the 2nd Encounter for the Self-Determination of Peoples is
celebrated today. In this framework, indigenous peoples maintain the legitimate and
historical right to self-determination, self-government and autonomy. Self-determination
to decide politically, economically and socially what they consider best.
The non-installation of polling stations and the expulsion of political parties are
concrete expressions of their autonomy, it is not something that is outside the law, nor
is it a revolutionary act, it is the requirement of a collective right.
In many indigenous communities, such as here, there is also a struggle for
self-government, for forming Communal Government Councils, an organization that maintains
its roots in a deep history of resistance of more than 525 years.
Self-government through councils is to return to our roots, it is our government by uses
and customs, the first council of indigenous government in Mexico happened around the year
550 of the common era in Teotihuacan, where there was a governing council that was formed
by four main, since the city was organized into four sectors or neighborhoods, the
district of the feathered serpent ruled the southeast, the jaguars the northeast, the
coyotes the southwest, and the birds of prey the northwest. This council was developed in
a multiethnic society, where individuals were not privileged but collectivities, for that
reason, historians and archaeologists explain that in this city-State there are no
representations of rulers, nor royal tombs.
In Michoacán, the Cazonci or Irecha, was chosen by a council of notables, elders and brave
men who were called to elect the rulers, the criteria for selecting them were to maintain
certain virtues, such as not getting drunk, paying taxes and doing prayers to their
original gods, mainly to "Curicaueri", to be the most hard-working, and above all, to be
discreet in their actions. This is the historical antecedent of all the communal
government councils that exist in the entity and the 1st Contemporary Communal Government
Council was given in 2005 in the community of Nurío, through what they called the
"autonomy without the permission of anyone".
In the same way, in the military and security aspects, the uacusechas at the time of
delineating strategies for the expansion or consolidation of the Lordship, met in a
Council to plan the actions to follow and maintained their security through the communal
rounds, which represent a pre-Hispanic worldview.
Before the Conquest, the original peoples in the state were organized communally through
neighborhoods for defense or war between the Señoríos, neighborhood organization was
vital, both for the conformation of the P'urhépecha army, as for division and distribution
during war. Through the representativity of the neighborhoods the P'urhépecha warriors
were recruited, and during the battle or defense, they were divided into neighborhoods or
The indigenous peoples have resisted and fought for the defense of their natural
resources, for the land and communal work, for the defense of their territory and in
recent years, they also fight for the delivery and administration of the direct budget.
Law that is instituted in article 2 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican
States, but that has its deep roots in the San Andrés Larraínzar Accords that they
manifest in Document 2 of Joint Proposals that, "the competent authorities will carry out
the transfer orderly and gradual resources, so that they themselves administer the public
funds assigned to them, and to strengthen indigenous participation in government,
management and administration in its different areas and levels ".
Finally, we can not fail to mention the struggle of the P'urhépecha women, the P'urhépecha
women, who have actively participated in all the great social processes of Michoacán,
however, the official history, nothing or little speaks of it. In different historical
moments, P'urhépecha women have set an example of struggle, playing a central role as a
historical subject, capable of transforming their reality and thereby generating history.
It is a lie that there were no P'urhépecha women rulers in pre-Hispanic times, in the 12th
century Quenomen ruled Zacapu and in adverse conditions, managed to change the patriarchal
system of command. In the current era, it is also a lie that women are not elected to hold
positions in their communities, there are female heads of tenure in Zirahuén and
Jucutacato, and councilors in Cheran, Pichátaro, San Felipe de los Herreros, Arantepacua,
and here in Nahuatzen.
In your struggle for self-determination Nahuatzen is not alone, receive a fraternal
greeting and sincere embrace from the Supreme Indigenous Council of Michoacán and remember
the words of the EZLN: There is no private ownership of the struggle.
"The seed that each one chooses, does not imply a property, neither of who originates it,
nor of who takes it, planted in the land, the private property of struggle, of thought, of
rebellion, of resistance, is diluted , it disappears, it is destroyed.
Maybe it's their turn to be seed, or fertilizer, or water that soothes and strengthens, or
maybe it's up to them to care for the plant that emerges from the earth, there is no
property, its impact, its seed, is diluted in conjunction with other seeds, and something
that has nothing to do with any of its parts is produced, something terrible and
wonderful, a new seed that belongs to everyone, everyone and it belongs to no one. "
Thank you very much.
Supreme Indigenous Council of Michoacán.
On this popular body, it appears on Facebook:
Ordinary session of the Supreme Indigenous Council of Michoacán, the integration of new
communities is approved, there are already 40 original communities that make it up.
In agreement of the General Assembly of Civil, Communal and Traditional Authorities, the
union of new communities to the Supreme Council is accepted under the following principles:
1.- It is totally non-partisan, it does not work with any political party, however, if a
political line is maintained, which is to fight in unity of action, for
self-determination, self-government and autonomy of the original communities.
2.- There is no supreme leader, "President of the Council" or "General Secretary", the
highest authority is the General Assembly of Civil, Communal and Traditional Authorities
that make it up.
3.- It is autonomous, it does not depend neither politically nor economically on the
municipal, state or federal governments.
4.- The free self-determination of each community is deeply respected, the membership or
support is not conditioned in any way, they may leave or enter at the time determined by
their respective General Assemblies.
The Supreme Indigenous Council of Michoacán is made up of 40 original communities:
1.-Santa Fe de la Laguna. 2.-Caltzontzin. 3.-San Felipe de los Herreros. 4.-Cocucho.
5.-Zirahuén. 6.-Apo of the Rosary. 7.-Capácuaro. 8.-Huecorio. 9.-San Angel Zurumucapio.
10.-Jicalán. 11.-Tahuejo. 12.-Zopoco. 13.- Pamatácuaro. 14.- Sicuicho. 15.- Cuanajo. 16.-
Sevina.17.- San Andrés Tziróndaro. 18.-Jucutacato. 19.-Corupo. 20.- Angahuan. 21.-
Carapan. 22.- Rancho Seco. 23.-Comachuén. 24.-Paracho. 25.-Santa Ana. 26.-Cheranástico.
27.- Orange of Tapia. 28.-San Benito. 29.-San Antonio. 30.- Aranza. 31.- Tirindaro.
32.-Green Water. 33.-Fifteen. 34.-Take. 35.-New Zirosto. 36.-Condembaro. 37.-La Tinaja
38.-Urapicho. 39.-Turián Bajo and 40.-Santa Rosa.
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