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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #283 - Neither god nor schoolmaster: And our rational Amazonian school ? (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Thu, 17 May 2018 09:18:58 +0300

Let's go back to our original subject. We had a clue, two months later where are we looking ? Did these remote lands of Catalonia Ferrer also know the libertarian education of the martyr of Montjuich ? And if so, how did it happen ? A passage by the libertarian library Maxwell Ferreira de Belém will give us some additional elements. This library is a little treasure chest for us, local anarchists, whether libertarian communist, or another sensibility. There, the posters and flags of the world's anarchist movements - among which Libertarian Alternative figure prominently - despite their number fail to hide the impressive amount of books, in Portuguese of course, but also in Spanish, English and French, available in this place that pursues the libertarian tradition of athènes and other places of popular education so dear to our eyes.

And so, during a visit, a comrade who knows my research, goes to the shelves and a safe hand out of one of them a book: O Anarquismo na escola, no teatro, na poesia [1]by Edgar Rodrigues. He said to me, " Look in there, comrade, I think you can find things that will interest you. "

Thus, returned to my penates, I leaf through the summary and set my heart on the chapter dealing with rational schools created in Brazil, and there, the list goes on, long, provided: Belém is there, and prominently, well and truly in 1919, two years after the great general strike launched from the economic center of São Paulo and which allowed considerable social progress. The rational school of Belém is there, almost sensitive, presented for its inauguration by figures close to the local labor movement such as a certain Bento de Menezes ... neither more nor less than this famous Bruno de Menezes (under his name of "civil status"), the poet of Pará so much praised by my libertarian comrades keen on Amazonian letters.

What exactly does the text of Edgar Rodrigues tell us ? The Rationalist Teaching is the subject of a warm commentary in the pages of O Semeador [2]which tells us about the inauguration of the Francisco Ferrer Rational School, in Belém - Pará, on October 13, 1919. Representatives Federations of the working classes, Union of the drivers, the resistance of the barber officers, the Federation of the civil construction, the Union of the artists tailors, the Union of the employees of hotels and restaurants, the Union of the workers Shoemakers and the cosmopolitan center of Braganza spoke under the presidency of " Comrade Silva Gama ". " The comrades Júlio Clement dos Santos, Antonio Porto, Bento de Menezes and Fernando Nazaré also spoke of the importance of rationalist education " now established in Pará ".

Next step, another place of research: the public archives of the state of Pará. There, the goal will be to find the documents that describe the creation of this school, its location, who was a teacher, how long it has worked and what reactions, positive or rejection, it has aroused. Many things to discover in short.


[1] Anarchism at school, at the theater, in poetry.

[2] The Sower.

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