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(en) Indian Anarchist Federation: INDIA-A CHANGE OF MASTERS - SARTHAK

Date Fri, 6 Apr 2018 07:48:13 +0300


August, 1947. Freedom. U.K. ---- T'HE transfer of power in India has taken place, with pomp and pageantry, and a rather too self-conscious atmosphere of "being in the presence of history". Viscount Mountbatten, the Viceroy, becomes an earl and Governor General. Pandit Nehru's position is unchanged as Prime Minister and Foreign Minister. Mr. Arthur Henderson, the Parliamentary Under-Secretary for India, doubles his salary and becomes Minister of State for Commonwealth Affairs. But the highest slice of the political spoils goes to Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the Governor- General of the new Dominion of Pakistan and President of its Constituent Assembly, which has given him the title "Quaid-e- Azan", while Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan, the Pakistan Prime Minister referred to him as "the Ataturk or the Stalin of our States"-a remark the appropriateness of which depends upon your evaluation of these figures.

No End to Poverty

Thus is power transferred, but what of the Indian peasants and what of the workers in the great industrial cities? Can they now feel that the country is theirs, that the burdens of poverty, squalor, starvation and ignorance will be lifted of the hauling down for the last time of the Union Jack and the hoisting of the saffron, white and green of India, and the green flag of Pakistan, but for the nameless Indian masses will these prove the "colours of liberty"? The streets of Delhi ring with the cry Jai Hind- Victory is Ours, but will it not be a. hollow victory for those who for years have fought and suffered for this day, to find that they have exchanged subjection under British Imperialism for exploitation under the nascent Indian capitalism?

Useless Words

In his speeches Pandit Nehru has championed the Indian masses. He declares that his government aims

"To bring freedom and opportunity to the common man, peasants and workers of India."

But Nehru's government depends on the support of the Indian industrialists whose interests are inevitably directly opposed to such a policy, and since the first concern of every government is to perpetuate its own power, Nehru will find an ever-greater pressure upon him to pay no more than lip-service to the high ideals of his inaugural statement.

Those sincere and genuine elements in India who really believe in the possibility of a "two-stage" liberation of the Indian people;-first the throwing off of foreign domination and, secondly, defeating native capitalism; should study the experience in Ireland and reflect on the shameful betrayal of the Irish working class. For we may be sure that James Connolly and Padraig Pearse and countless others did not fight and die for the clerico-feudalism that is the only result of their sacrifices. It does not matter to the Indian peasant or factory-worker whether his exploiters skin is white or brown-what does concern him is the fact of his exploitation.

No-one Mentions Them

That is why, in this "historic moment" our thoughts and sympathies are not with the astute politicians of New Delhi, dividing up the spoils of office, or with the "British Quislings" ofPakistan, swearing the loyalty to ‘George VI, his heirs and successor", but with the poverty-stricken and half-starved toilers in the fields, bazars and factories, whose aspirations am whose interests are the same as those of the "left-out and shutout million is of the weak and poor" throughout the world.

https://thecominganarchy.wordpress.com/2018/03/30/india-a-change-of-masters/
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