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(en) anarkismo.net: Letter of Opinion from FAU - August 2017 by Federación Anarquista Uruguaya (ca, fr, it, pt) [machine translation]
Sun, 3 Sep 2017 10:27:44 +0300
"Heber Grandson, the cowards / enemies of your home and of your country killed you / they
killed you because they fear what lights / by your constructive arm of new classrooms ..."
---- Thus recalled in his verses payador Carlos Molina to comrade Heber Nieto, one of the
Student Martyrs, murdered in 1971. Long is the list of comrades killed by repressive
forces. Long the list of "Student Martyrs", of those young militants that faced with
tenacity the repression of Pachecato and the advanced fascist. In that long list is Heber
Nieto, "the Monk", militant of ROE and of FAU assassinated the 24 of July of 1971 by a
sniper from the building of the BPS under construction. "El Monje", along with other
comrades, were at the top of the IEC, building halls, which they had conquered after a
major struggle. At those moments, Other comrades developed a solidarity toll in the
vicinity in support of the conflict of paper workers of CICSSA. The deployment of a major
police operation, after a small incident with a bus that tried to run over the toll mates,
triggered the repression of students aged 13 and 14. "The Monk" was one of the greatest
that day, he was 17.
There were the "brave defenders of institutions and order" to shoot gurises and kill a
militant like Heber Nieto, a guru below, who felt and lived injustice in his own right,
who found a place of militancy in ROE And in the FAU, who put his shoulder on all tasks, a
builder in every sense of the word.
"Sweet brother, companion of ours / lighted by my people in the bowels / companion of the
red and black school / who defends the greatest of causes ..."
Heber Nieto added to the list of fallen comrades: as early as 1968 the repression blinded
the life of Liber Arce, Susana Pintos and Hugo de los Santos, with that fury responded the
above to the student and popular mobilization, because they knew that Their interests were
at stake. But, the town has managed to keep their names and banners high. Rescue your
fight and your example. Rescue the ideas they were fighting for. In this way, the student
groupings of ROE took the name of the companion Heber Nieto.
Those years were hard. The repression of the Pacheco government fell on workers and
students, freezing salaries and nullifying workers' gains, denying the right to the
student ticket, all the mobilizations ended in strong clashes with the police. 1968 was a
year of rupture, of break in our history. The economic crisis of the country became
evident, its structures crunched and the dependence that bound us - and ata - the
foreigner could no longer be concealed by the usual bourgeois myths of "like Uruguay there
is no". The Uruguay of 1968 was Latin America, it was the struggle of the people together
with the struggle of the peoples of the continent: it was the struggle of the Argentine
people against the dictatorship of Onganía and the Cordobazo of 1969, were the guerrillas
in several areas of our continent and The example of Che,
Popular struggles that resisted the imperial project for the area, where American capital
monopolized entire sectors of industry and finance; The great military and economic
support to the Armies, the training of torturers at the School of the Americas in Panama
and the "advisers" in tortures such as Dan Mitrione who traveled the continent, support to
the fascist groups that proliferated and had direct line with The Yankee embayada. The
direct US military intervention in Santo Domingo in 1965 and the instigation of several
coups were an angular part of the imperialist policy in the region.
The FAU, outlawed at that time, decided to build a Strong Town. To strengthen popular
organizations: trade unions, student guilds, neighborhood associations. Nuclear to the
whole of the militancy with the will to fight in a field of Resistance, and in the same
strategic framework, to develop the necessary activities to build an own armed apparatus,
which will later be the OPR 33.
No one gave them anything
In 1958 it was the conquest of Autonomy and Cogobierno of the University, a conquest sowed
by a long and crude struggle that had several general strikes and an intense mobilization
of the trade union movement. There, in the joint fight, demonstrated in the street and
with joint acts, in the confrontation with repression, the slogan "Workers and Students
United and Adelante" arises.
At the same time, the workers of FUNSA in the context of a conflict, they put to work the
industrial plant under workers control and they produced tires without foremen nor
employers, demonstrating the self-managing potential of the working class. This shows the
political moment of strong popular struggles that were lived.
In that period, the FEUU was dominated by a third-party position at the international
level, with no alignment with any of the empires in dispute, either with the Yankees or
with the USSR, a position linked to the struggles of peoples without tutelage, Which
promoted important debates within the student and popular movement.
The defense of the Teaching, its budget and against the Interventora from 1970 were part
of those struggles and resistance to authoritarianism. The conquest of the student ticket
was not a gift from anyone, it was the result of the long struggle of students since the
1950s and continued after the dictatorship.
To the students, as to the people as a whole, nobody ever gave them anything. Neither
entrepreneurs nor politicians. Everything has been conquered with much effort by several
generations of companions and companions who have fought for just claims. And on that path
you have to follow.
Like "El Monje", to be all builders of a Strong Town
"The Monk" was convinced that the people should be builders of their destiny. That the
people should be strengthened in the struggle, finding the ways to build a different
society. In that endeavor, "the Monk" put all his youth and his life. He built his bit to
forge the popular advance. "The Monk" proposed and militated for the construction of a
strong people, a people whose basic social organizations can assume the resolution of
their affairs and society as a whole, that can replace the state and bourgeois organisms
by agencies from town. Pueblo Fuerte to defeat this bourgeois power, strong people to
build socialism and freedom.
In that forge of a strong people, walking in the construction of Popular Power, today
there is task. And you have to pull your shoulder. To forge a more just society, without
bosses, neither milicos nor politiqueros, demands of a permanent effort that must be
organized. In that task was "The Monk". That task we must continue. To continue the
example of Heber Grandson and his task!!
"Heber Grandson, it is a lie, you have not died / never die those who fight, those who
advance / you will live in the victory of your people / who will make yours your
And your example, will be voiced in other voices / other fists, other blood and other
souls / partner of the red and black school / who defends the greatest of causes ...
In the name of your idea and your people / that honor you with the fight / and not with
REPRESSION OF THE FILTER: ANOTHER YEAR OF DIGNA FIGHT AGAINST IMPUNITY
"From Sacco and Vanzetti to Morroni, the crimes of a class, the validity of a struggle."
That was FAU's propaganda after the repression of the filter.A slogan that marked those
responsible for both crimes - and others - the long of the time.
23 years have passed, 23 years of keeping the memory high, demanding justice before the
greatest repression after dictatorship. On the night of August 24, 1994, not only three
Basque comrades were extradited, but a fierce repression of the Uruguayan people fell on
clean bullets, horses, patrol cars, "strips" everywhere. Two comrades killed by the
police: Fernando Morroni and Roberto Facal, two workers, two sons of the town murdered by
the murderous bullets of the Uruguayan bourgeoisie. Governor Lacalle, Gianola was the
Minister of the Interior, the pressures from Spain had been coming for some years. The
Uruguayan government made a "mandadito": it served to the siding of the Spanish
government, which accused ETA of being settled in Latin America, in exchange for revolvers
and patrol cars. Again the "
But the peoples keep fighting and raise their flags. The Uruguayan people developed
solidarity and fought for the right of asylum. But the repression of the filter also had
an effect on domestic politics. It also served spurious objectives of the Uruguayan
bourgeoisie. He disciplined several political sectors within three months of the national
elections that year. He disciplined entire sectors of the popular movement, marking the
limits of the "politically acceptable" within the framework of the capitalist system, at a
stage of neoliberal flattening. In those years the manufacturing apparatus was dismantled,
unemployment grew, and from above they thought of disciplining the downbeat people who
resisted these policies and, in addition, had stopped several privatizations with the 1992
Secret meetings and tapes circulated in those days. Thus was known the plans of Gianola to
create a National Guard to repress throughout the territory, project of long breath that
has managed to implement Bonomi 20 years later. Student march 20 days after the massacre
of the filter, a march that maintained the dignity and the rebellion that several
political sectors did not have and called to boycott the mobilization. There was talk of
more dead and settled the political calculations of those who were thinking about the
elections. The political shifts towards "good manners" have been constant since then.
They both ran ...
That logic only leads to where they are. To manage what the capitalist system allows, to
manage the multinational capital business. In addition to the corruption inherent in the
system. Not even comply with the emblems of their political campaign as 6% of GDP for
Education. Not even putting all that they call "education" within that category, will
reach this emblematic figure. An Accountability is voted that does not contemplate the
popular demands or minimally attends to the most basic social needs.
And above, the vice president is a total inept, giving a great flank for the right to
strike. There has been a mini-crisis of government, where the "Licenciado" would be about
to resign (at the time of writing this letter), in moments where the right hits popular
rights in Brazil and Argentina, and destabilize in Venezuela, murder Popular militants in
Colombia in greater numbers than before the "peace accords", here also the right wants to
generate their "breeding ground" for the 2019 elections. It seems to be doing well; And
some surveys give the National Party some advantage over the FA. They have already
installed the speech of security and greater repression and are shown in "change clothes",
The paths of popular struggle ...
But the paths of popular struggle do not go in that direction. "The bourgeois institutions
only the bourgeoisie can serve," had already said FAU in the 60's and maintains full force
because it is a pillar of the system, which is why it is necessary to deconstruct it, to
enable popular processes that allow disassembling the whole scaffold Bourgeois, all its
social, political, economic, ideological institutions, habits, all the filth produced by
Building a new subject and a new society requires tenacity and a process of construction
of Popular Power that is already played now and here and now in every struggle, every
assembly, every action, every factory, study center, Office, neighborhood.
Generate processes of struggle and confluence in the fight of more and more vast popular
sectors. Strengthen the Resistance, the will to struggle and organization necessary to
advance in a process of accumulation of forces of our people.
In this month that calls us to the struggle and the memory of our comrades who gave their
lives for a just society, to follow their path, to continue adding to the daily struggle
for Socialism and Freedom.
THE MEMORY AND THE CLAIM OF JUSTICE
HEBER NIETO, FERNANDO MORRONI AND ROBERTO FACAL LIVE IN THE PEOPLE'S FIGHT!!
TOP THOSE WHO FIGHT!!
FREEDOM OR DEATH!!
Related Link: http://federacionanarquistauruguaya.com.uy/
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