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(en) Poland, rozbrat: Discussion about the 500+ program, part 2 Lukasz Muziol [machine translation]
Sun, 3 Sep 2017 10:27:14 +0300
We present three articles about the 500+ program. Originally published in the magazine
A-Tak. ---- In the previous attack, the text " "500+ 750-", in which the activist of the
Gdansk RSA presents his - highly critical - opinion on the government's 500+ program.
While respecting the author's personal views, however, it is important to note that his
conclusions are based on a reference that flows completely independently of the basic
facts. ---- Facts are: With a fertility rate of about 1.3, Poland ranks 192 out of 200
classified countries according to the World Bank. For a country where innovation lies
and the main "resource" is cheap labor, which - even if it wanted to - is not very
attractive to immigrants, this demographic situation is a drama.
The causes of this state of affairs are complex, both cultural and economic, but
undoubtedly the huge negative impact on fertility is the structure of property
inequalities. The raising of children in Poland negatively affects the standard of living
and promotes the risk of poverty. This phenomenon is well documented and statistically
analyzed by a number of state institutions (GUS), non-governmental organizations (EAPN
Polska) and foreign (WB, Eurostat). While the relative poverty rate in the whole
population is around 18%, in the case of children it rises to about 25%. Extreme poverty
(income below the subsistence minimum) affects 7.5% of the population and 12% of children.
Report. "Living Conditions of Families in Poland", published by the Central Statistical
Office in 2014, indicates that the situation of large families is particularly bad.
Being dependent on three or more children causes a sharp increase in difficulty in
satisfying their basic needs. And so, 30% of children in families 3+ can not afford
supplementary classes, 14% do not receive dental care, and 8.5% do not get a full meal at
least once every two days.
In such a situation, trying to improve the demographic situation by redistributing income
to the caretakers seems to be the most sensible. This is exactly what the 500+ program
does, regardless of other intentions of the ruling party. It is certainly too early to
predict how much of the final impact on natural growth will be, but a definite improvement
in the situation of poor families can be seen now.
The first swallow of change was the pain of the ass of an elderly Warsaw celebrity who had
lamented last summer that an unprecedented mass rape ruined her holiday at the seaside.
Well, in the above-mentioned GUS report, the number of 3+ families declaring that they are
unable to send their children for at least a week's holiday once a year amounted to 63.5%.
It looks like the next edition of the report will be much lower.
Other waves of media lament described, among others. Difficulties of native "businessmen"
to find people ready to work for starvation rates, and problems of the well-so-successful
parabank sector. At the beginning of this year, on the verge of bankruptcy, Marek SA was
listed on the stock exchange, which in 2015 had 7 million profit from short-term loans. In
the restructuring announcement, the company, as a cause of difficulty, pointed out
"Government social transfers that have appeared in many households". There have also
been reports that the 500+ program has enabled many people to settle overdue debts and
escape from the debtors' register.
The report by the Polish Committee of the European Anti-Poverty Network (EAPN Polska),
which based on World Bank data analysis, estimated that the 500+ program would reduce the
relative poverty rate by 64% while extreme poverty by 94%, to 0.7%. If this information
is confirmed, it will mean it. The phenomenon of extreme poverty among children has been
almost eliminated in this way.
The only major flaw in the program seems to be the exclusion of the "first child" when
calculating benefits if the family exceeds (low) income threshold. This is particularly
the case for single parents raising one child who, apart from large families, also belong
to the category of high risk of poverty (see CSO report). This could be taken into account
and slightly different "weigh" criteria, but it seems that the electoral attractiveness of
the round amount of 500zl.
Facts indicate that 500+ is the largest social transfer in the history of the Third
Republic of Poland, quite well targeted and surprisingly smoothly introduced. So far, it
has definitely positive social effects, but also macroeconomic. Additional consumption
clearly boosts growth, and for now does not indicate that the predictions of television
experts from the slogan "can not stand the budget" will be fulfilled.
Against this background, the text "500+ 750-" appears to be totally detached from reality,
though because of the child's possession its author has some contact with reality.
However, I respect the generalization and inference based solely on my own experience of
pre-school. "Subculture of parents", who as soon as they start to make children do not
stop at one can and is visible in the cloakroom, but definitely not in the statistics of
CSO. According to them, as many as 53.3% of the children are currently single children.
On the other hand, the current government is not responsible for the current government,
but the government's policy of cutting public services (sending six-year-olds to schools
is a great excuse to reduce the number of places in kindergartens). Anyway, if we are
counting on this way, then,
To avoid malice, I also mention that I agree on the impact of the 500+ program on the
economic emancipation of women. Greater possibilities for development are one, but it is
also worth noting that the state-guaranteed child benefit will make it easier for many
women experiencing violence to make the decision to kick the lord's ass. In my opinion, it
is much more effective than adopting successive toothless conventions for the prevention
of domestic violence.
Of course, for the anarchists, the problem must be that such a positive result is brought
by the state-led program, under the rule of the reactionary right. If someone feels
discomfort, then I calm down - you can still model the Andrzej Gwiazda "take, do not
cheat", that is to praise family benefits, and criticize the loss of money for
reinforcement or maintenance of immoral low taxes for the rich. The government of
Kaczynski gives enough reason to criticize and protest so that everyone feels fulfilled.
Talk about 500+ is important for anarchist movement because the attitude to this topic
puts us in the background of the whole political scene. If the title of another article
from the previous issue of A-taku - "We will not miss the liberals" - is not just an empty
statement, if we do not want to be a passive snapper to the environment of Gazeta
Wyborcza, set where the establishment is appropriate. Issues on the right side. On the
side of people.
http: / /stat.gov.pl/bigars-temp/results-of-employment-of-debates-of-in-the-posts/13.html
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