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(en) Poland, New Releases Brotherhood Troika - Ernst Friedrich - War War (Krieg dem Kriege) rozbrat.org [machine translation]
Fri, 7 Jul 2017 11:13:45 +0300
Just appeared faithful reprint of the first edition of the German book Krieg dem Kriege ,
which was banned by the authorities. The book is an album dedicated to the events of the
First World War. All tekty contained in the book are written in five languages: English,
French, Dutch, German and - with the release of the Troika - Polish. The book was
reprinted several times, appeared in almost 50 languages, but in Poland it never issued.
Until now, the effort appears Troika ... ---- The photographs in this book, from beginning
to end of the show a record obtained by the relentless, incorruptible camera lens.
Recording of mass graves and trenches; The "military lies" about "Field of Glory" and
other "Sielanki" (idyllach) "Great Ages". ---- This book is dedicated to all war
profiteers and parasites, all provocateurs of war, but also the "kings", generals,
presidents and ministers of all countries. Priests who blessed the weapons in the name of
God, this book is dedicated to the Bible as the War.
m.in publishing house can be purchased here
We invite you to read the afterword of this publication
Members of the books Ernst Friedrich - War War (Krieg dem Kriege),
today's reader czytelniczce whether it is easy to approach this album as historical
curiosities - shocking souvenirs of ancient, brutal times. It is comforting to believe
that in our contemporary, "peaceful" and predictable world institutions of war and
violence fully and effectively done a peripheral phenomenon. The last seventy years
accustomed us - citizens of the western world - to relative peace.
Times of war, however, came to an end with the victory of the Allies - armed conflicts
continue unchanged to this day. The only difference is the fact that they have been
effectively removed from our field of view instead of in the center of the Western world,
are happening on the periphery. The experience of war disturbs our peace only indirectly,
as a media spectacle of a distant, senseless cruelty. Violence gives the impression of a
foreign war. Over the past seventy years in our policy dominated strategy - call it
"liberal" - based on the neutralization of the war and the expulsion of the element, which
only occasionally penetrates our secure borders, pushing the walls of conflict-free and
peaceful Europe. This new order would arise in the post-war ruins of the old world, once
and for all pouczonego experience of war irrational cruelty and bestiality. Since then
"Western civilization" congratulates a future orderly, rational and Syta. However,
cleansed of overt violence, the West by building his power on this beautiful but deceptive
dream, hiding the cost, which is paid for it. Seducing its citizens capitalist promise of
perpetual prosperity, progress and unbridled unbroken peace, builds indifference to the
war and devastating exploitation of the outside world. We do not concern yourself head
wars for oil, sweatshopami in the Far East or the deregulation of domestic policy of
sovereign states to protect the interests of multinational corporations, despite the fact
that these actions are the foundation supporting our order and beautiful, carefree sleep.
Focused on the well-being of its individual citizens of the Western world look at the
fruits of their destructive domination of paternalistic pity and distress. Convinced that
they live in a world of enlightened goals and good intentions, not war and exploitation,
in the outskirts of the devastated see the world the absolute strangeness - a memento of
ancient times, with something that had long since decided to grow. But this spectacle of
exotic, anachronistic bestiality is only distract attention from the temporariness and
fragility of our fantazmatycznej utopia - can not think about the fact that the outer
peripheral violence is the result of our policy, which makes it not someone else's - and
This strategy, however, has a different and unforeseen consequence. Discourse, which makes
the political stability of odraczanej endless promise of prosperity, irreversible atomizes
society. In a world where the only common language is striving for individual success
(work, family life, recreation and spiritual development) it is extremely difficult to
think and build a community. Not only that, the value of sterile soil economic alienation
constitutes the inevitable consequence of social stratification, which leads the
capitalist dream, it is deprived of the possibility of expression. Not surprisingly, that
boundless frustration successfully manage to develop the language of populist right.
"Loser" in the capitalist rat race offers a new promise - the promise of a return to
strong community, moral values and real impact on reality. Instead of moving towards
reconciliation in the fight with authentic impossible to ignore the causes of alienation
resulting from capitalism, right wing discourse reorganizes society, redirecting his
attention to the next dream. This time, however, does not promise we already bourgeois
peace, but "real" causative community. Its strength comes from a clear delineation of
borders, which as a guarantor of the highest common values demand a defense at all costs.
The consequence of this way of thinking becomes a dialectic of "their" and "foreign",
which gives a sense of meaning and demands an explanation. Therefore, as a liberal
strategy distracted our attention from the chaos of the outside world, promising
individual fulfillment and satiety, right-wing strategy affirms the chaos, paving the way
realization of national power, which would allow for the achievement of the arrangement
according to "our common" values. And since the liberal discourse turned attention away
from the war, making it an exotic souvenir from ancient times, the right-wing narrative is
doing everything in its power to it more attractive through sanctifying aesthetisation
romantyzacji and heroic struggle for the homeland. The paradigm of the right-wing does not
solve the problem, though crucial - like liberal, does not show us that war is not carried
out in the interest of citizens, but to maximize the profits of global capital (recall
even cooperation "American" corporations IBM, GM, Ford and Coca-Cola with the government
Nazi Germany during the second World war the huge profits derived by Haliburton and
Blackwater due to the war in Iraq), and only makes a sublime genocide and attractive. Both
strategies are equally useful for capital, which uses it as a way to diversify the
political spectacle. Like two sides of the same coin, these strategies are related - the
conflict that never rises above the appearance of stage scenery, allows the selection of
appropriate conditions for the prevailing cultural, economic and social strategies
sublimation of social frustration. Although their use has a real impact on the fate of
millions and even billions of people remain scenic props that can be used with relative
interchangeability and in almost any configuration. Unfortunately, caused by the war real
suffering and destruction do not cease to exist, regardless of whether we are applying for
the war not to think whether we make it the most beautiful and sublime event in the
history of the nation and the homeland - both narratives help only to forget and deny the
essence of war, it is a pain and suffering.
In 1924, in the light of the nightmare of the first World War, Ernst Friedrich saw clearly
that to prevent war, you must place it in the center of our attention, we turn in the
position of its main causes. War is not an external phenomenon, is becoming a breeding
ground created to soldiers; It is a self-fulfilling prophecy, a nightmarish reality the
dream of a heroic death. According to Friedrich diagnosis war it is a direct result of
patriotic education of youth and children wpajanego by the State at the service of
capital; After all, the latter is still hungry for new soldiers ready with naive national
pride to give his life in his interest. Friedrich writes:
Let go of the bourgeois self belief!
Fight against capitalism in itself!
In our thoughts and our actions still lurks unspeakably much of the philistine and a
soldier, and nearly every hidden zmusztrowany ,, subaltern "who wants to dominate and
command, even if only over their comrades in the family, his wife and children! (p. 28)
The task is committed to war war, is unveiling the connection between the pro-state
education and its consequences - a declaration of war on the war, it is destroying people
internalized by reproducing the conditions of the industry of death. Showing the
atrocities of the war make it impossible to displace it as both alien to our culture, and
its taming resulting from aesthetisation and pedagogical instrumentalization. The shocking
brutality of the album is not so sensational nature, do not want war egzotyzowac build its
distance towards bestiality - a summary of the sublime and glorious propaganda of
patriotic duty of photographs showing the real effects of the war forces us to confront
the consequences of our full spectrum of "heroism." Breaking the taboo of war victims and
ruined lives of veterans, Friedrich disarms vision przyodzianej in romantic clothes "just
war" for the country (Polish example of the latter may be even glorification of "63 days
of glory", which completely ignores the 200,000 civilian casualties). Normalizing war as
irrational, foreign akcydentalnosci and brave national uprising, which calls us HISTORICAL
need to, you can only break the bottom up, by changing education and killing himself in
the internal soldier.
Commandment declaring war on war, it may seem naive and simple negation. However, as a
potential genocide entities, its actually contractor, we realize the enormity of the work,
which is redeemed pacifism. Regardless of the ultimate goal of the starting point you have
to make resistance, refusal. Friedrich turns patriotic narrative of strength and heroism,
calling for suppressing violence in the bud, to withdraw from the war feeding our passive
Stronger from all violence, from the saber and rifle, is our spirit, our will!
Repeat these two words: ,, I will not! "
Add content to these words and all the wars in the future will become impossible. (p. 30)
Incarcerated in prisons and psychiatric hospitals deserters, pacifists strikers, teachers
and anarchists - these heroes and heroines speaking and denouncing the time of the service
of Friedrich capital under the guise of the "holy trinity": God, Honor and Fatherland.
Resistance remains only the first step, still reactive, but rozbudzajacym potency in life,
which you can update through new values: friendship, mutual help and love. Despite the
poignant despair, which pierces the cards album, Friedrich is not pessimism, instead
pointing the way to a better future in a positive pedagogical project. Friedrich outlined
by the war between the education and upbringing of death to life today remains the central
tension of our culture. The main purpose of schools is not an enabling students to
undermine the authority or responsibility for the awakening of the world and the second
man or disagreement with the injustice, but the education of persons uncritically adopting
a common, imposed top-down narrative, which conveniently organizes their reality.
Discourse on patriotism awarding necrophilia glorification of death is simply the easiest
tool available preschool already forcing young people to recognize the state and nation
for the value in themselves. Thus are the loops vicious circle cult of death and politics
of memory. No space here to reflect on the question: what dying? In the name of what
values? In the name of what life demands that the state of my death? Let's look at the
line, which still of school age are taught and learned young Poles and young Polish women
(although the poem is addressed to the default male recipient):
- Who are you?
- Pole small.
- What's your sign?
- White Eagle.
- Where do you live?
- Between hers.
- In which country?
- The Polish soil.
- What is the earth?
- by My homeland.
- What is gained?
- blood and scar.
- Do you love her?
- I love sincerely.
- And what do you believe?
- In Poland, I believe.
- What are you to her?
- A grateful child.
- Something owe her?
- Giving our lives.
If you look at the last two wersom through the prism of analysis Friedrich, their
surprising brutality becomes absolutely clear - to favor the death as the highest
realization of human life is an inherent consequence of the primacy of abstracts such as
the Nation and the State. Blind faith, obedience and community blood fantazmatyczna
obstruct the path of self-realization and other forms of community. Citizen (German, a
Frenchman, a Pole) and the unit are not one and the same. Unit of necessity stands in
opposition to the nation, its individual desires, needs and relationships break his
absolutist, historical narrative. Citizen and is produced, for the implementation of
specific constructs imposed from above purposes. Uniformity military school and only serve
to increase employee control unit to distract from the real suffering resulting from
capitalist wars, exploitation and armed conflicts which are the inevitable result of the
policy of national states and their chauvinistic education system. It does not matter
whether the anesthetic used by systems of power will be a school, church or shopping
center - the effect remains unchanged: the unit is insensitive to the world, the suffering
of others, meek and devoid of agency. The educational project conceived so all power
setting social goals and values lies in the hands of the capitalist state power, not a
community of critically thinking, sensitive individuals. Experience First World War to
similar conclusions, but of opposite vector axiological led Benito Mussoliniego. Seeing,
for the great sacrifices they are ready to soldiers at the front in the name of
fantasmatic myth of the Nation, Mussolini decided to use the idea of the power of the
state to formulate the doctrine of fascism: ideology, which deliberately blurs the
boundary between the individual and the citizen:
The man of Fascism is an entity that is a nation and homeland, moral laws, which brings
together individuals and generations bond of tradition and mission, which destroys the
instinct for life closed in a tight circle of pleasure to create the imperative obligation
of life higher, liberation from the boundaries of time and space: life, in which through
self-denial, by sacrificing their personal benefit, through death itself, realizes the
existence of the spiritual nawskros, whereon lies in its value as a human being.
This is what the project Mussolini shocks, but also - as history teaches us - seduces, it
is shocking brutality and directness with which he describes the technique of control over
society. It seems that although described by our strategies, "liberal" and "right-wing"
(as well as all the intermediate forms), try not to fall into the language of fascism,
both paradigms willingly and successfully utilize its methodology - control the three key
elements of social fact: more narrative, a common myth and the fulfillment of the promise
in achieving their designated purpose.
Although the content may be subject to change, which fills each of these categories
(narrative of progress or a strong state, the myth of equal opportunities in the open
market or spirit of the people; individual success or repel external and internal
enemies), the mechanism of control and subordination remains the same. At its basis it is
hypocritical, because it is impossible to fulfill the promise of agency - unfulfillable,
as imposed from above and thus condemning the eternal helplessness and dependence terms of
who will show another goal, another dream, another myth. The only way out of the vicious
circle nieziszczonych dreams and escape to other, equally unrealizable promises seem to
reconcile the individual with its own finitude and dependence, while uwyraznieniu meet,
which brings the experience of using their limited powers to help others and contribute to
a better reality.
The depth and beauty of Friedrich proposals lies in the recognition that the value of a
man is by no means the death of citizens in the name of the Nation or consumerist
performance, but the individual potential to love, care and repair of complicity in
reality. Friedrich calms us in ensuring that the world without universal values and
timeless absolutes world is by no means devoid of meaning and sense; on the contrary -
only realizing the responsibility which rests on the shoulders of a single individual and
the entire community we think of the world in which we are not ourselves enemies and
friends. Only then, sharing responsibility for the world and each other, we can resist the
reproduction of values that inevitably lead to war. Because life can not develop in
isolation from the sterile world of liberal capitalism, nor ever look back, feeding the
dream of the nation's power and heroic death. Active and causative life must be based on
the relationship - it is impossible to bring them to the posthumous glory of a martyr for
the cause of the nation nor selfish satiety, as is done in creating a better reality.
Only the unit free from the tyranny of the absolute idea is able to discover your
unlimited potential social - does not desire eternal memory on the board of the monument
of heroes, but in worldliness and self-love. The realization of this project was for the
Friedrich-pedagogical educational activities. His anarchist primer Proletarischer
Kindergarten ( "Proletarian kindergarten") designed to educate children to mutual
assistance and care, still functioning, the Berlin anti-war museum, whose business this
book is a reflection of, and established in 1954 and the post-war meeting center of the
German and French youth workers' Île de la paix "(Island room) aimed at establishing a
dialogue and cooperation of the French and German youth for peace, they are inspiring a
reaction to the cruelty of the surrounding reality, trying to open people perspective and
responsibility to create a new, better world - a world without war.
Andrzej Grzybowski, Maciej Lagodzinski
Benito Mussolini, fascism Doctrine, trans. S. Gniadek, P. Sandauer, Lvov 1935, p. 18.
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