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(en) anarkismo.net: Australia: Working class, immigration crisis - Some initial thoughts by Dimitris Troaditis
Wed, 14 Jun 2017 06:22:58 +0300
... no longer see car queues of workers waiting every morning to go through the factory
gate. No more factories. They have closed or transferred to Southeast Asian countries.
Public banks and utilities have left the country or are about to leave. The trade union
movement, which once covered half the employed workforce and rivaled the state for
economic power, mostly located in disorderly retreat. ---- at the end of the 18th century,
the English working class (the weavers, the laborers, the workers in the steel industry,
miners and other sectors), lived largely in the province. There was employed at home or in
small workshops, with strong connections to the village or the life of the local parish.
However, by the early tou1830, many worked in large factories under the discipline of the
superintendent and mechanical watches.
They began to live in squalid cities like Manchester, Liverpool and Leeds. Thousands and
thousands of workers and their families huddled in dangerous slums where they died young
and poor. The old world had now begun to transform.
The EPThompson tells us that in the long run and on average, that the Industrial
Revolution did the British richest, but it was through a rampant exploitation and a
callous violence, a series of economic ideas imposed from above, completely hostile and
foreign to any sense of belonging to a certain joint project for the good of all. An
ideology that espoused that all kinds of bosses and only them.
Why start this our presentation on the situation of the English working class? But simply
because it has been and continues to exist (any mutatis mutandis) and Australia's problem
too. Because something similar to the story of EPThompson in England during the first
three decades of the 1800s occurred in Australia and throughout almost the 20th century,
but especially since the mid-1980s until today.
And the procedure does not take into account both the degree of misery, but the pace and
scale of social and economic changes that have occurred. The transformation from
industrial to post-industrial era was so integral that it is no exaggeration to say that
from a sociological point of view is equivalent to a disappearance, genocide.
At just 30 years-the same time period extending from the mid 1980s until today an economy
previously served in one way or another (always mutatis mutandis) the entire community,
now serving a small group of investors , capitalists, bosses generally enslaving them
almost all the rest.
A little history
But how Australia was created as we know it? To understand more or less how the Australian
state was created, the economy and, basically, imperialism (in the wider Southeast Asia)
will cite some historical data.
It is estimated that before the arrival of white colonists in Australia, in 1788, lived
across the country, in harmony with the natural environment, hundreds of thousands of
indigenous people (300,000 for some, for others up to 1,000,000) 50,000 years. They
indigenous Australian peoples milousanperissoteres than 250 languages and 700 dialects,
had their own social and economic organization, their own nomadic and collective culture.
These people gradually decimated because of the violent colonization of white
Vretanoafstralon, deliberate spreading infections in their ranks, epidemics and all kinds
of diseases and the current cultural genocide policies against them.
They spent several decades by the social and political awakening and emancipation
movements to kick start their struggle from the 1930s yet, that Australian Aborigines
officially rejoining the map of the country with the 1967 referendum, when it was decided
to be counted for the first time in inventories (!) and their issues to handle the federal
government of the country. Today, about 700,000 of the 24 million inhabitants of the
country, define themselves as "native" or "indigenous origin". Year milestone in their
relations with whites was the 1992 decision of the Supreme Court of the country, according
to which Australia was not «terra-nullius» (license earth as claimed whites), before the
British arrival and indigenous land rights are sovereign and can claim compensation
(although under certain conditions).
Decisive steps institutionalized exploitation of
the Province of Australia was formed in 1901. Bases were, on the one hand, the church and
state separation, legislating, but, on the other, the concept of the country's citizens
mainly based on this white Vretanoafstralou. This policy prevailed and dominated until the
Second World War. For argument's sake, one of the first acts of the new state, was to
restrict immigration. The country had to settle white people coming mostly from Europe.
Also, in the early 20th century, people with different racial and cultural
characteristics, were considered alien and inferior to the established and prevailing
Anglo-Celtic tradition and potentially dangerous.
The stranger, the immigrant, the racially outside the dominant vretanoafstralianis society
is partly socially acceptable, but only as a law abiding entity, only, that is, as a
worker and, indeed, multiple operator. Neither reason is for the maintenance or
development of specific ethnic and cultural origins and traditions and in any cases
allowed such a thing, it must be consistent and comply with the prevailing policy.
Beyond that, the 'gigantism' Australia becomes an issue and economic development and
protection of so-called national security. This made war with the mass migration programs
are epic. On one hand, the Australian state managed, among other things, to triple the
population of the country and bring the country immigrants from more than 150 and most
diverse countries on the other, however, it was achieved without altering the dominant
Anglo-Celtic character of the Australian society.
So while the stranger, the immigrant, is quite visible in the newly established state,
indigenous, indigenous, however, rendered and institutional invisible without recorded its
presence in inventories until 1967 without the right of ownership is recognized - in his
own earth-until 1992!
But even for white loyalists Southern European immigrants (Greeks, Italians, Yugoslavs and
others), the pre-war Australia was particularly harsh and inhospitable country. The
profiling and restrictions that time, violent riots and explosions against non-British
immigrant origin, especially the period of World War II, some illustrative cases of open
The establishment of immigrant communities and their leading role can, on one hand, be
aimed at maintaining the cultural identity of immigrants, but targeted and their cultural
discipline, namely the promotion of good model, collaborative, law-abiding, submissive and
non-Protestants to the dominant culture and view immigrant. This position was supported
and continues to advance and so far from the immigration newspapers and the media, the
church and the leaders of immigrant organizations and bodies.
Multiculturalism in neosyntirismou service and personalization
war, in response to the experience of the Second World War, the alliance relations of
Australia with several European countries (including Greece) and the beginning of mass
immigration, which was absorbed in every aspect of economic activity mainly in the area of
unskilled industrial work (automotive, and construction of major projects), proved really
more than profitable, highly auriferous policies for the Australian capital.
To proceed, even more in the direction of ever increasing profit, the Australian capital
assisted by the state, and to achieve it as painlessly as possible, adopted from the early
1970s until the mid-1990s-period where he rose to the surface neosyntiritismos- the
principle of liberal multi-ethnism / multi-culture, an ideology that aftoprovlithike as
neutral guarantor of educational, cultural, labor and other rights of old and new
immigrants, without, of course, as we said before, lose or abandon the white
Thus, by a very personalized "egalitarianism" and "fairness" of immigrants, the non
vretanoafstralianos population of the country led to a much painless incorporation trunk
white Vretanoafstralias. At the same time the dominant whites freed from the burden of
violent conquest and exclusion of indigenous and this is because the rulers are the only
whites and already proven social group that can guarantee national cohesion of the country.
On the other hand, the old immigrants still basically remain eternal foreigners,
since-especially in the last 15 years- relatively new immigrant communities (mostly
Muslims) are treated suspiciously by the dominant nationality as the potentially dangerous
terrorists, subversive "eternal foreigners".
The destruction of community spirit
So we arrived at the current point where many Australians now enjoy the benefits of
secure, full-time - although most already marked disturbing vibrations.
This is because we no longer employee car queues waiting every morning to go through the
factory gate. No more factories. They have closed or transferred to Southeast Asian
countries. Public banks and utilities have left the country or are about to leave. The
trade union movement, which once covered half the employed workforce and rivaled the state
for economic power, mostly located in disorderly retreat.
The security, full employment, holidays, sick leave and all that, in many sectors have
been eliminated or tend to be eliminated. The dream of the working class for housing, for
social advancement through acquiring cheap land, equal educational opportunities and
others are into steam.
In just 30 years, the Australian working class, with the factories and trade unions, the
quality of public services and communities, has almost disappeared ... With a
"revolution." The Australian working class has been a serious identity problem.
On the other hand, politicians and economists have brought the Australian working class in
this situation, shamelessly call them all "great era of economic reform." Never afraid to
proclaim the "hits" them. Anyone who knows English and can get on the web sites of
newspapers such as the Australian Financial Review or The Australian, any day of the week,
can clearly determine it. However, none of this does not reflect the full story.
And the full truth is more dramatic, more morally loaded and less one-sided. The period
between 1983 and 2015, Australia has experienced not just a benign economic reform, but a
social and economic revolution as great as ever in its history, which of course has done
good and could have been done differently. This is the true story of modern Australian
political, social and economic history: here occurred a revolution in which the people
Will lead to new poverty?
Three decades ago, the average wage in Australia was $ 12 an hour for a full-time
employee. Although the country is on track continuous development for almost a quarter
century, the structural changes in the labor force of the country have led to the
emergence of a new class of low-paid workers who attributed the phenomenon of falling
prices of a range of goods and services.
This, however, is a double-edged sword because you low wages to foster the competitiveness
of the economy at the same time, however, undermine domestic demand and growth. Employers
treat many means to reduce labor costs, either by hiring more part-time or casual workers
or trainees and / or immigrants with temporary visas. Specifically, in the retail and
catering sector, the trend is to base the market in low paid work force.
?Recently, the Australian Bureau of Statistics released the national wage report, which
records the lowest growth rate in its history: 0.5% for the first quarter of this year, or
2.1% by June.
Most importantly, this trend is not only continuing, but increasing. In the survey of July
recorded drop of 0.1% in unemployment, due to the increase of part-time, which is longer
to the 32% of workers, i.e. one in three people. This increase in the partial time at the
expense of full time.
Attempting to dispel impressions, the federal government, through the Finance minister,
Scott Morrison, said that this means that Australia has a more flexible labor market,
which is good, both for workers and for employers.
?"I know some see some chores derogatory, but I do not. A job is a job and to have more
good, "said the minister.
The position is fully in line with the theory that wants part-time work and lower-paying
positions better than unemployment, but does not reach the critical question about the
impact of this on the purchasing power of workers and the threat to the overall
consumption may cause stagnation of economic growth.
Is the home the bomb in the foundations?
Also, Australia is in the middle of a crisis in terms of affordable housing. Rents in
almost all cities of Australia are unaffordable for the low paid. These have soared to
such heights that some tenants are forced to pay up to 85% of their income to stay somewhere!
According to various bodies and studies have found that "middle-income employees are
driven under stress, as high rents" chew "their incomes that can not compensate for the
rise in housing costs. Over the past decade, rents in the States capitals of the country
have increased by 52%, forcing many people to live outside city centers and creating huge
mortgage stress to those who stay in them.
The high rates of home ownership make unrealistic dream for many. The average ratio of
house prices to income in Sydney nine to one, compared with 6.2 for one in New York and
7.3 to one in London. Even Adelaide is more expensive than New York!
On average, home prices reach $ 995 804 in Sydney and $ 726 962 in Melbourne. Many
households already have huge debts to the fulfillment of the "Australian dream". The debts
on mortgages is now 120% of GDP in Australia, the highest rate in the industrialized world.
It not excluded that in the next decade, Australia may face wave of home foreclosures and
bankruptcies, similar to those in the US and Europe.
According to a recent study of Bill Randolph and Laurence Troy (the Futures Research
Centre, published in the Sydney Morning Herald newspaper last March, named series of
government policies -as called negative gearing and the discount of 50% on capital gains
tax the property-investors as responsible for the economic crisis and fidelity.
the Randolph and Troy described the deteriorating situation, which is "both profitable and
subsidized by the government", "taxation madness and national scandal." there is no doubt
that housing policies that give priority to investors at the expense of the welfare of
ordinary people, have fueled the housing crisis. Since the 1980s, both of the major
parties in Australia (Liberals and Labor - which is the only alternating the government)
have implemented a policy under which reduced tax revenues, but also the real estate
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