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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #269 - Morocco: COP22 washes green (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Thu, 9 Mar 2017 11:23:10 +0200

In November, the 22nd edition of the Climate Conference (Cop) was held in Marrakech. The opportunity for the Moroccan power to revive its ecological image and attract funds to turn the business of green capitalism. However, the social and climatic reality bears a different face than that of advertising posters. ---- For some years now, Morocco has had an enviable energy transition for an African country. This is reflected in an agrarian reform "Plan Maroc Vert" for "optimization" and industrialization of agricultural resources, a plantation of wind farms, a renewal of hydraulic structures such as dams for agriculture and production Electricity and the creation of the world's largest solar panel[1]park by Ouarzazate by 2050. ---- In sum, average student scores in rapid progress in energy. Except behind this beautiful setting hides a reality of an unheard of violence.

Spoliation of land

The "Green Morocco Plan", which seeks to realize agricultural efficiency, is in reality a large-scale privatization of State agricultural lands and collective lands of rural tribes and communities, in order to specialize Moroccan agriculture in exporting . Adding to this the corruption in the business world and the influence of the sprawling empire of Aziz Akhannouche, a hydrocarbon tycoon, the country's number one advertiser (which perfectly mutilates the media), and Minister of Agriculture in the The outgoing government, and this plan makes Morocco from below, indeed, green with rage of so much spoliation, waste and corruption.

As far as the wind farms are concerned, a large part will be installed in the Western Sahara, thus again flouting the Saharawi people's right to self-determination.

A few kilometers from Ouarzazate, the Noor solar power plant project is in rapid progress, with delivery of the first tranche Noor I. This project meets a European demand[2 ]. It is financed, inter alia, by the World Bank and the European Investment Bank. Moreover, on the ground, this project is realized by a spoliation of the collective lands of the local tribes, with a semblance of consultation: Mohamed VI announces the plan in October 2010, the first public consultation meeting takes place in November 2010. Example of green grabbing [3].

Solidarity Struggles

When the tartuffes of ecology and the emissaries of rapacious funds, paraded in the VIP salons of Marrakech to "discuss" the global climate future, peoples undergoing the violence of capitalism in all its colors count on solidarity to make heard Their voice.

Thus, one of the main events remains the counter-Cop22, which was organized 300 km south of Marrakech[4], around the struggle of the population of Imider, a village not far from which is one of the largest Of Africa. The disastrous management and merciless operation of this mine belong to the Metallurgical Society of Imiter (SMI), a subsidiary of the Managem company belonging to the empire of Mohamed VI.

This emblematic struggle led by the local population against the monopolization and pollution of water by the SMI, this for the extraction of minerals and its cleaning.

The counter-Cop22 saw a connection and exchanges between activists involved in the struggles against major projects of dispossession or pollution of lands and natural resources throughout the world. Indeed, the arrival of activists fighting the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL)[5]to this counter-Cop22 was a great moment of international solidarity. Faced with the gears of capitalism, the struggling peoples sow fertile sand grains.

Marouane Taharouri (AL Paris-Nord-Est)

[1]A project with the ambition to reach 11% of the world's electricity production in 2050

[2]The Desertec project, initiated by European business groups, included Noor in its plans to produce electricity in Africa for Europe. The conflicts between partners and the "problem" of energy dependence on Africa (Spain has refused to participate in the financing of the cable linking Morocco to Europe), have come to the end, for the moment , Of the Desertec project.

[3]Green grabbing covers the notion of dispossession of lands and natural resources by states and businesses for so-called environmental reasons.

[4]# 300kmSouth

[5]Controversial pipeline project in the United States, which has seen a strong mobilization driven by indigenous Indian communities, due to the route through ancestral lands and the highly devastating potential for the environment.

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