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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #269 - Euskal Herria (Basque Country): When the repression never stops (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Wed, 8 Mar 2017 12:28:17 +0200

After the arrest of activists in the Basque Country at the end of December, a return to the state repression that has been the subject of decades-long struggle for self-determination. ---- On the night of 16-17 December 2016, five militants involved in the ETA peace process and outside the organization were arrested in Louhossoa in Iperralde (northern Basque country, The territory of the French State). This highlights the situation in Euskal Herria. These people were accused of possessing weapons, while they were implementing the disarmament decided by ETA. Despite this decision five years ago, the French and Spanish states are turning a deaf ear and blocking any process leading to the self-determination of the Basque people.

A peace ignored by Paris and Madrid

Since the creation of ETA in 1959, when the notion of Basque race was abandoned in favor of the class struggle against the French colonial occupiers on one side and the Francoists on the other (in Hegoalde, the South Basque Country, Located in the territory of the Spanish state), the organization takes the responsibility to engage in the political path of a long consciousness work. From the outset, it was a struggle against Francoism[1]and this allied Spain of the fascists and capitalist imperialism; It continued during the "transitional period" which saw many of the foundations of Francoism enduring, and then against the facade autonomy of 1979 which left a free hand to a Basque bourgeois minority represented first by the Basque National Party (PNV, center right) and by the Basque Socialist Party (PSE-EE, liberal left).

There followed years of stalemate for ETA: a part of the Basque people, who recognized themselves as a liberation organization, moved away from it when it was locked in a spiral of violence. In 1987, an explosion attributed to ETA in a commercial center in Barcelona caused twenty-one victims and marks this divorce. Accused by its own contradictions and realizing that violent expression minority has no space, ETA announces in 2010 that it will no longer carry out violent offensive actions. Madrid and the Basque Socialist government deny this political decision and Zapatero, leader of the Spanish Socialist government, boasts of a repressive policy that would have pushed back the Basque organization. The Gernika agreement was signed on 20 September 2010 between political organizations of the abertzale left (independence), Basque trade unions and associations of various backgrounds, including feminist organizations, defending Basque language Basque, , Support for political prisoners. This happens in a context of social turmoil, notably with the general strikes of September 2010 against Zapatero's austerity plans. This agreement "for a democratic exit on the road to peace" requires ETA to abandon the violent confrontation and to engage in a political process of independence of Euskal Herria where the Basque people can decide their own future.

The year 2011 marks a decisive step in the organization. On 10 January, she announced a general, permanent and verifiable ceasefire and put an end to the "revolutionary tax" in April. At the same time, an international working group is being set up to give concrete expression to the announced ceasefire; PSE-EE and PNV refuse to participate. As a continuation of this process, the Aiete conference[2]calls for an end to the violence. A few days later, ETA responded by confirming "the definitive and irreversible cessation of its armed struggle". The French and Spanish Governments do not follow up. They remain deaf, too, at the large demonstration on 7 January 2012 in Bilbao, which gathers more than 100,000 people asking for amnesty of prisoners and political prisoners in prison in France and Spain.

The French state fights the will of the Basque people to take control of its future. Regularly, the French and Spanish interior ministries boast of "the arrest of very high officials of ETA". Very complacent about the powers in place, the majority of the press makes headlines ... and ignores the follow-up which very often reveals that these were only advertising operations and attempts to intimidate Of those who defend the rights of peoples. Le Roux, the first cop in France, welcomed the police operation on 16 December, adding "there is no peace process". The French State therefore publicly assumes a war in the Basque Country.

Arkaitz Agirregabiria and Igor Uriarte, two political prisoners who were members of the Basque Political Prisoners' Collective (EPPK), denounced their conditions of imprisonment in Villepinte prison (Saine-Saint-Denis prison) in December: "Since the jihadist actions perpetrated in The French State, this state has taken advantage of this situation to restrict rights and freedoms in the name of security. They waged war beyond their frontiers and assigned discipline to the working class within their own country by restricting their rights. The rule of law has become a state of emergency, which is reflected in prison. "

348 Political Prisoners

The States on both sides of the Pyrenees want at all costs to silence the Basque language. There are still 348 Basque prisoners and political prisoners in the jails of France and Spain; According to the laws in force in the states that imprisoned them, eleven could be released for health reasons. The French and Spanish governments refuse to reconcile and return to the Euskal Herria, making contact with relatives difficult if not impossible; They are subjected to conditions of detention imposed on almost all imprisoned persons (mitard, three showers per week at best, dirt, rats, refusal of conditional release, etc.). On 14 January, the annual demonstration in their support gathered 78,000 people in Bilbao.

The ostracism towards the Basque people is also found on the trade union ground. For six months, the Confederation CGT has multiplied legal remedies to try to prohibit the LAB (Langile Abertzaleen Batzordeak) union from access to elections in very small companies. It has used insulting arguments (assimilation to the extreme right), ridiculous (denunciation of bilingualism), dangerous for trade unionism, including for many CGT teams (assertion that a trade union must not take political positions, In question the laws of the republic). To deny the claim "Living and working in the Basque Country" is to ignore the situation in Hegoalde (deindustrialisation and precariousness) and in Iperralde (priority to tourism leaving behind the hinterland). It is ignoring a people who defend themselves against the employers and for their emancipation.

Internationalists, we must support an oppressed people, imprisoned, denied in many ways, but also claim the amnesty of political prisoners and prisoners. Libertarian Communists, our role is to support self-determination, against the repression of Madrid and Paris, and to support those who are acting for an anti-capitalist and self-governing break. Gorri eta beltz! [3]

Christian (AL Southeast Suburbs) Martial (AL Saint-Denis)

[1]The first public intervention claimed by ETA took place on 18 July 1961; It was the derailment of a train of Franco militants who were going to a demonstration celebrating the 25th anniversary of the Fascist coup d'etat of 1936.

[2]This conference was held on October 7, 2011, under the auspices of what are commonly referred to as "international experts" (such as Kofi Annan, former United Nations Secretary-General Gerry Adams, Former leader of the Irish Sinn Fein, and Pierre Joxe, the former French Minister of the Interior and Defense. A large number of associations, trade unions, political, socio-economic, Basque, French and Spanish Is the result.

[3]"Red and black! "

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