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(en) France, Union Communiste Libertaire AL #297 - Back to school: Five challenges launched by Macron (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Tue, 10 Sep 2019 10:54:46 +0300

Act II of the government looks like two drops of water in Act I: authoritarianism, social breakdown, flight productivist despite the ecological crisis. In July, the Red and Black Summer Meetings organized by UCL cleared some of the topics that will punctuate the year to come. ---- The start of the season promises to be busy with mobilizations, with September 3, gatherings pointing the responsibilities of the state in feminicides. On this day, Marlène Schiappa launches a " Grenelle of domestic violence " . A new stroke of com ', after that in 2017 on gender equality declared " great national cause " . ---- In July, 150 people - including the UCL group Saint-Denis - have traveled outside the police which Leila, the 74 th woman to die at the hands of her spouse since the beginning of the year, had unsuccessfully sought protection . On 6 July in Paris, 2,000 people called for immediate action. Since then, several women have been murdered, bringing the number of femicides to 85 for 2019.

Still in September, several sectoral strikes will follow one another. In health on the 11th - while the strike in emergencies continued throughout the summer [1] -, at the RATP on the 13th, at the taxes on the 16th, then the 19th at EDF. At the same time, the yellow vests, which have not completely disappeared during the summer break, will test their ability to bounce back. In addition to these appointments, several topics will impose themselves on us.

Climate: a contempt displayed
In July, the Ministry of Ecological Transition passed into the hands of Élisabeth Borne, who drags a particularly uneconomic resume. Under Holland, then under Macron, she worked on the privatization of highways, ADP, the rail industry and the promotion of air transport, a major emitter of greenhouse gases [2]. His appointment is an insult to the very idea of " ecological transition ".

An international week of mobilization for the climate is announced between 20 and 27 September. On Friday the 20th, youth calls for the first time the entire population to a global strike. Some unions support the move in England, Germany, the United States or France. More typically, climate marches will be held on Saturday, 21 September, although actions targeting fossil fuels are also scheduled for that day.

It is up to us to emphasize the incompatibility of the capitalist system with the preservation of the planet, while at the global level, greenhouse gas emissions are not declining and biodiversity is falling apart.

Retreats: work longer, earn less
The pension battle begins. On 18 July, High Commissioner Delevoye unveiled his recommendations: end of all special regimes ; replacement of contributory quarters by points the value of which, as determined by the Government, will not be known until the time of asserting its rights ; introduction of an age of equilibrium at age 64, evolving according to life expectancy and including a discount in case of previous departure. In summary: it will be necessary to work later to benefit from a pension with full rate, and the pensions will fall with the end of the taking into account of the 10 (in the public) or 25 (in the private) better years in the calculation of the rights.

Édouard Philippe will receive the unions and employers' organizations on the 5th and 6th of September to " build the method and timetable for consultation " with a view to a presentation of the bill in cabinet at the end of the year and a parliamentary debate probably in the aftermath of the municipal elections of March 2020. On the side of the mobilizations, FO will demonstrate solo on Saturday, September 21st, and the CGT three days later. In short, an overall battle remains to be built.

Unemployment: liquidate the rights of the precarious
The unemployment insurance file mobilizes little. Yet the attack is major. The government will make 3.4 billion savings on the backs of the unemployed. From 1 st November, he will have worked six months for a period of twenty four months to open rights to benefits, instead of four months and twenty-eight today. In the same way, it will take six months of work instead of one to recharge one's rights.

As the minimalist bonus-malus scheme for companies abusing short-term contracts will not change the precariousness of work, the unemployed will pay the price. According to a Unédic study, more than 1 million unemployed people will have their rights reduced or eliminated [3]. Especially that from 1 st April 2020, the calculation of daily allowances will also change, bringing about lower income people alternating periods of work and unemployment.

The struggles of the unemployed and precarious could take on a new dimension when they are mass excluded from unemployment benefits from November.

The opposition to the privatization of Aéroports de Paris (ADP) - voted with that of the French Games, and with the transfer of the share of the State in Engie - will occupy the space. The deadline to collect 4.7 million signatures to demand a referendum run until March 12, 2020. Remember that the procedure of the referendum of shared initiative (RIP) is designed so that the referendum never happens [4].

Privatizations: the case Aéroports de Paris
Nevertheless, given the ecological and social issues, this issue will polarize political debates at least up to the municipal level. The opportunity to lead a broad debate on the destruction of public services - closed schools, rail open to competition, highways sold to monopolies - and advocate for their social reappropriation, their reorientation at the service of the people and their direct management by women workers and the workers.

SNU: the submission of youth
Finally, we will have to mobilize against the recruitment of youth that represents the National Universal Service (SNU). With this device, the government confirms the authoritarian tropism of Emmanuel Macron's five-year term, after the repression of demonstrations and its inhuman policy towards migrants. Starting this year, 40,000 15- and 16-year-olds will have to perform twice a fortnight of national service, where attention will be mingled with Marseillaise, initiation to defense and other patriotic and militaristic rejoicings. By 2021, 800,000 young people will be affected by this management and submission company.

With a unitary collective of associations and trade union and political organizations, the UCL claims the abandonment of the SNU whose cost is estimated at 1.5 billion euros per year. A real campaign is coming in the coming months.

Stéphane (UCL Montpellier)

[1] " Emergency strike: The return of striker coordination ? ", Libertarian Alternative , July-August 2019.

[2] " Élisabeth Borne, to her to make you prefer the plane ", Libération , July 17, 2019.

[3] Les Échos , July 4, 2019.

[4] " ADP: why refuse the big Macronian sellout ", Libertarian Alternative , July-August 2019.

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