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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #291 - Feminism and Yellow Vests, Women's anger in yellow (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Sun, 10 Feb 2019 10:16:15 +0200

Despaired, precarious, ignored by power: in a social movement, that of yellow vests, where the central question remains the material conditions of existence, no wonder to find women in yellow ! ---- Let us first recall that women are the first victims of precariousness: they represent 52.1% of the poor population. [1]They are over-represented in the least paid trades (eg personal services, domestic workers ...) and much less present in positions at the top of hierarchies and wages. Women are forced to work part-time work (1.2 million work part-time, compared to 472,000 men [2] or three times more), and are paid less than men (34.4% less at the same degree) [3]), and often have larger household responsibilities (on average women spend an extra 1½ hours a day doing housework [4]).

Women at the heart of the fight
The yellow vests appear to be rather mixed: men (54%) are slightly more numerous than women (45%) [5]whether on roundabouts or in events (55% men for 44%). women). Notable fact: women claiming as yellow vests belong to a social category usually not very mobilized: women of the lower classes.

The movement of yellow vests has allowed women to struggle, to express collectively their anger. Women employed, unemployed, workers, traders ... Women affected by precariousness met on the roundabouts, met and told and regained consciousness of their social class. Usually kept out of the political scene, they have increased the number of places of action, roundabouts and demonstrations and have found the pleasure of talking about social issues that concern them.

In the movement of yellow vests, not only are women visible on the roundabouts, but they also invest media and representative places. We see them on television, where they explain the reasons for the anger. [6]And the media are forced to question them too: without spokespersons or official representatives, positions usually assigned to men, we must turn to the " ordinary " protesters ", Collect the word of the ground. Some parolate parolate holders were voted in general assemblies and put in place in several cities. If we can not deny the presence of women, they are nevertheless still little put forward. The first line being, as everywhere, occupied by those who speak louder, longer, more often: men.

Three months after the birth of the yellow vests, the women are always present and animate the movement. And yet, in yellow jackets as in the patriarchal society that is France, difficult to spend a day without hearing sexist remarks or insults (" slut ", " whore "), or men who recall their supposed superiority: " I am not a woman / girl ... " All these words remind us that in 2018, a woman is always less valuable than a man.

Since January 6, 2019, a revival has occurred in the movement of yellow vests. Women have invested streets alone in non-mixed events. They wear banners with, for example, the slogan " precarious, discriminated, rebellious, women on the front line "as in Toulouse on January 6th. These events, which are taking place every week on Sunday, express the suffering of those who are doubly exploited: women of the lower classes. Thus they take the street and the word to tell their daily life: single mother to the RSA, caregiver, facing the inequality of wages, the non-sharing of tasks, gender-based violence ... This willingness to demonstrate between women is announced as an alternative Saturday demonstrations where police violence is strongly expressed. If we can judge doubtful and essentialist the association " woman = non violence However, we can admit that these demonstrations allow those who do not go out to demonstrate for fear of state violence to continue to beat the pavement and to express their demands.

Beat the pavement to express his anger
And yet, if they describe themselves expressly as non-feminists (because of a classic and worn-out mistrust of feminism that tends to describe as extremist those who seek the abolition of the system of male dominance over women), these manifestations are the direct application of materialistic and intersectional feminism. Women in yellow, at the crossroads of oppression of sex, class, even race, finally make their voices heard, express the injustices they face and demand equality.

During the next democratic national coordination of yellow vests in Commercy (Meuse) on January 26th and 27th, which will bring together yellow vests from all over the city in order to structure the movement without being recuperated, a time in non-mixed women is planned and announced on the networks, as well as a system of joint delegation.

Read " Commercy was motivating, structuring, promising " (January 29)

And now ? The structuring of the movement around the anti-capitalist and class issues is slowly taking place (the slogans " There is a shortage of money " Let's pay the rich " or " Macron makes the ISF first " are often heard on the roundabouts ). After three months of struggle, Yellow Vests are still angry and continue to redo the world for more social justice and equality. But do not stop there. We want things to change for us women as well, to finally live in a more just world. Let's get rid of male domination ! Let's abolish patriarchy !

Lucie (AL Amiens)

[1] Observatory of inequalities - INSEE data 2015.

[2] Inequality Observatory - " One-third of part-timers would like to work more " - January 20, 2017

[3] Observatory of inequalities - Ministry of Labor data 2013

[4] Observatoire des inégalités - INSEE - time use survey 2009-2010.

[5] Survey yellow vests, conducted among 166 people on 24 November and 1 st December " yellow jackets: a pioneering investigation of the revolt of modest means ," The World of December 12, 2018.

[6] " As for example November 28, 2018 on LCI in the issue" Yellow Vests La Grande Explication "

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