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(en) ait russia: Ecuador, Chile, Lebanon, Iraq ... To be continued? [machine translation]

Date Fri, 1 Nov 2019 08:31:03 +0200

Mass protests against the effects of the neoliberal offensive of capitalism on workers continue in many countries of the world - in Chile, Haiti, Lebanon, Iraq ... The demonstration on October 25 in Santiago was the largest in the history of the country: more than 1.2 million people took to the streets! ---- Protesters with flags and banners walked several kilometers from the suburbs to the city center - Bakedano Square. This square is also known as Italy Square. The demonstrators demanded a change in socio-economic policy and the departure of the free into the barracks. The protest as a whole was peaceful, but one of the groups of demonstrators tried to set fire to the entrance to the metro station located on the square; clashes with the police occurred. In another part of Santiago, police used water cannons and tear gas to disperse protesters outside the parliament building ( https://www.newsru.com/world/26oct2019/chile.html )

Marches and clashes continue throughout the country. The troops and the police act with extreme cruelty: open fire, beat, torture ... According to official figures, the death toll is 19 people (the last mentioned is a Peruvian citizen who died in hospital).

Meanwhile, opposition politicians are trying to intercept the protest, peeing for dialogue with the government.
At least 21 people died in Iraq, where anti-government protests resumed. During skirmishes and riots, 1800 people suffered. In Baghdad, water cannons and tear gas were used to disperse the demonstrators when demonstrators approached the Green Zone, the area where foreign embassies and government agencies are located.

Unrest in most southern provinces. In Nasiriya, thousands of protesters took to the streets. Demonstrators broke into the administration building of the province of Di-Kar and set it on fire. Demonstrators demanded the resignation of the government of Adele Abdel Mahdi.

Protests against poverty, unemployment and corruption in the country began on October 1. Peaceful rallies quickly escalated into violent clashes with police and military personnel ( https://ru.euronews.com/2019/10/25/iraq-protests-clashes )
After a week of lull in Iraq, protests broke out. In Baghdad and other provinces of the country, at least 40 people became victims of Friday riots, about two thousand were injured. So, in the city of Ed-Diwa, the bodies of 12 demonstrators were found, who set fire to the administrative building, but in the bustle did not have time to get out. 11 people were killed in the south of the country - fire was fired at them at the headquarters of one of the armed Shiite factions. During the dispersal of the demonstration in the capital, eight people died - they were hit by containers with tear gas.

The protesters say: "They are destroying the people with this expired tear gas. We want us to have a different government, we demand reforms."

"What kind of government is this? People are starving, we demand the resignation of the government, these corrupt authorities."

People are opposed to worsening living conditions, rising unemployment and corruption in government.

On Saturday, the country's parliament was supposed to discuss the demands of the demonstrators, but the meeting had to be postponed due to the lack of the necessary quorum - less than 90 deputies from 329 came to the meeting. Against this background, Iraqi Prime Minister Adil Abdul Mahdi announced the reshuffle in the government ( https: // en.euronews.com/2019/10/26/iraq-dozens-victims-amid-mass-protests )

Politicization is the degeneration and death of social protest. Unfortunately, this fate threatens many protest movements. Lebanon reports that the protesters have forgotten about the initial social requirements and insist on changing the ruling elite, and the current army commander could become a potential hero of the crowd ... The naive belief in people that it is enough to change the physiognomy of those at the helm will begin to be social and economic policies in the interests of a " simple person," as stable and intrusive as toothache. At the same time, they forget that the new rulers, who came to power in the wake of popular discontent, will use a credit of public confidence and will therefore be able to carry out much steeper neoliberal measures ...

Recent Posts from Lebanon:

euronews: For two weeks now, the wave of anti-government protests in Lebanon has not subsided. On Saturday, again about 1.5 million inhabitants of the 4-million-strong country took to the streets of the capital of Beirut and other major cities. They blocked streets and roads, demanding the resignation of the government and the holding of early elections. Demonstrators accuse the authorities of corruption and negligence. They say that leaders are mired in the domestic political struggle instead of worrying about raising the standard of living of the Lebanese.

In Tripoli, at least 6 people were injured in clashes with the military. "We demand an investigation into each of the soldiers who shot these poor people," one protester says. "Yes, these people are poor, they are hungry. We will all be hungry soon! People are dying, they can't live like that anymore. We We demand a transparent investigation of the actions of the army leadership. "

People take to the streets with national flags on appeals in social networks. In the forefront of the protesters are students. In a country experiencing an economic crisis, 40% of young people cannot find work.

"The street is the only way for us to put pressure on the authorities. And we will not leave the streets until our requirements are met. We know what we are going to, we are realistic. We know that it will not be easy. There will be less people more, but we won't stop. We are aware that it will be difficult to revolutionize Lebanon. "

Many Lebanese people living abroad support their protesting compatriots. In London, they organized a rally outside the Lebanese Embassy. On Thursday, Lebanese President Michel Aoun announced his readiness for a dialogue with protesters, but they rejected his call ( https://ru.euronews.com/2019/10/27/lebanon-clashes-and-protests )

"New Newspaper":

Anti-corruption rallies continue in Lebanon for the second week. According to various estimates, around 2.5 million people today rally throughout the country, despite the fact that the population of Lebanon is 4 million.

Protests do not subside either day or night. People spend the night in tents or in the open air (at night at this time of the year about 30 degrees), on city squares, avenues and freeways between cities. Owners of grocery stores and cafes, as well as ordinary citizens organized free distribution of food, dry closets were installed. Musicians and ordinary protesters perform from the stages: politicians of any parties are not allowed on these stages. The work of state institutions, schools, universities, banks has been suspended. Many shops, shopping centers are closed. Many countries held pickets in support of the Lebanese rally.

The people took to the streets after October 17, following a discussion of the draft budget for 2020, Communications Minister Muhammad Shkeir announced that a tax on the use of the WhatsApp messenger will be introduced in the country. This would allow attracting about $ 200 million to the budget revenues. Meanwhile, in Lebanon, mobile communications are the most expensive in the world. Calls through the messenger provide an opportunity to save. After the government seized the opportunity, the country reared up.

By the end of the first day of the protest, the initial demands for the abolition of the new tax went by the wayside. Now the protesters demanded the resignation of the president, the cabinet, the dissolution of the parliament - in connection with total corruption. Initially, the point riots ceased - the army sided with the protesters: now the army units are essentially guarding the rallies. Over the past week, four cabinet members have resigned voluntarily. All of them are members of the Lebanese Forces Christian Party. Others remain in their places, like the president and parliament. People also do not leave the squares. Lebanese President Michelle Aoun refused to comment publicly on what was happening in the country all week, and on Thursday morning it was announced that he would reach out to the people at 12 on the air. But the straight line did not take place: at first they announced the transfer, and then they broadcast on television the hastily mounted recording of the president's speech. The monologue, cobbled together from pieces that were obviously recorded at different times, did not say anything new, except that the president was not going to leave anywhere, although he supported the demands of the protesters regarding the fight against corruption in the country's leadership.

The meaningless, confused speech of 85-year-old Michel Aoun raised many questions: in what state is the head of state? Can he lead the country? And who is leading the country if Aun himself can't do this already? President Aoun has been in his chair relatively recently - since October 2016. In the eighties, during the Syrian occupation of Lebanon, he was the commander of the Lebanese army, in 1990 fled to France, from where he continued to criticize the Syrian presence in Lebanon. Syrian troops left Lebanon in 2005, shortly afterwards, Aoun returned to his homeland, was elected to parliament and proposed his candidacy for the presidency, but the parliament could not confirm him in this capacity for 2.5 years. Interestingly, after returning to Lebanon,

Actually, his assertion in the presidency took place only thanks to Hezbollah and Amal - the Shiite parties in the Lebanese parliament, which are historically close to the Syrian leadership. These days, Amal and Hezbollah are returning their duty: in fact, these are the only forces that, against the backdrop of the protest, came out in support of the president. And this support is worth a lot: Shiite parties have their own armed armies. Hezbollah has an army with impressive experience in armed conflict: in Syria, on the side of Assad and Iran, in southern Lebanon - against Israel. Over the past week, there have been several clashes between Hezbollah and Amal supporters - and protesters, among which there have already been Syrian refugees with anti-Assad slogans. (Officially, Lebanon received about one and a half million refugees from neighboring belligerent Syria).

By the way, the current Lebanese army commander Joseph Aoun (president's namesake) is considered by Lebanese political scientists as the most likely candidate for the presidency if the current president resigns. According to the Lebanese constitution, only a Maronite Christian can be the president of the country (the prime minister is Sunni, the speaker of parliament is Shiite). Approves the president of parliament. Joseph Aoun is a maronite, a public figure who has gained support from all religions in this protest. The newly elected parliament (and no one doubts that the old parliament will resign) will have no chance of not supporting the people's favorite ( https://www.novayagazeta.ru/articles/2019/10/25/82501-nu -ka-razgoni )

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