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(en) ait russia: Ecuador: Government takes back neoliberal reform package [machine translation]

Date Sun, 20 Oct 2019 09:03:11 +0300

After 11 days of violent protests in Ecuador, the neoliberal package of measures dictated by the IMF has been canceled. But now, representatives of the opposition and public organizations, together with the government, will decide how people tighten their belts for the sake of economic "recovery". AND ALL THE SAME: THE MAIN CONCLUSION OF THE ECUADORIAN RILE IN THAT BY AN UNIVERSAL STRIKING AND DISISMISSION A NEOLIBERAL OFFICE CAN BE STOPPED. LESSON TO ALL THOSE WHO ARE ALWAYS ABLE TO LISTEN AND ARE ABLE TO ACT! ---- The day before, on Saturday and during the day on Sunday in Quito, protests did not stop. The general strike continued, roads were blocked, public transport did not work, oil production in the Amazon was stopped, copper production was suspended ... On the night of Saturday to Sunday, despite curfew, "pan marches" were organized in various Quito blocks. According to Ecuadorian anarchists who actively participated in past protests, groups of people took to the streets: first 5, then 10, 50 and, finally, hundreds of residents, without any political parties or leaders. They called for the removal of all politicians: "Que se vayan todos" - "Let them all get out," chanted the demonstrators. The anarchists expressed indignation at the fact that the Konaye leaders, like the authorities, blamed the participants in the clashes.

Anarcho-syndicalist flag on the streets of Quito during protests

On Sunday morning, the city bore the traces of fierce street battles: burnt buildings, stone barricades, broken windows and shop windows, burning tires on the highway. Before that, battles were fought all day in the capital: rebels and police exchanged shots from improvised devices, grenades with gas and rubber bullets.

Sunday afternoon clashes continued. A group of youth began to rebuild the barricades from what remained of the battles the day before. The police rushed to disperse the protesters. Despite the softening of curfews in the daytime, the guards of the capitalist order were ready at any moment to fall upon the participants in the demonstrations. Hundreds of police special forces ousted demonstrators who arrived there on Friday from the Arbolito Park on neighboring streets. By Sunday evening, the air was white with smoke from burning tires and tear gas after 24 hours of violent clashes between police and demonstrators armed with pointed sticks and home-made shields made of cut metal barrels, satellite dishes and plywood. Medical volunteers from fire brigades or medical schools waved white sheets, leading protesters to safe places. Young people - mestizos and Indians - roamed the streets in front of policemen and soldiers ...

On Sunday afternoon, the demonstrations in Quito resumed. People took to the streets in anticipation of negotiations between the protesters and the authorities, which were organized through the mediation of the UN and the Catholic Church.

According to the Ombudsman, at least 7 people died during the protests, 1340 were injured, 1152 were arrested. However, unofficial sources say much more frightening figures of repression: on Friday - 27 killed, 860 seriously injured and 1,430 slightly injured, 120 disappeared (of which 62 are minors), more than 1,800 arrested, 150 tortured ...

The leaders of the KONAIE Association of Indian Organizations, which led protests throughout the past week, agreed to negotiations with the government after Lenin Moreno promised to "revise" the decree on the abolition of subsidies. True, they stated that neither they nor the masses of Indians who came to the capital would leave Quito until an agreement was reached that the decree would be taken back. But the representative of the FUT United Front of Workers union, Messias Tatamuez, drew attention to the fact that the president did not give a clear promise to cancel the decree. He demanded that all sectors of society participate in the negotiations. However, one of the leaders of CONAIE Salvador Quispe, a former prefect of the country's southern provinces and the leader of the Pachacutic party, explained in an interview with France Press, that if in the course of negotiations it is not possible to achieve a decree repeal of the decree, then its side will insist on an "equilibrium solution", including a possible increase in fuel and fuel prices, but on a smaller scale. CONAIE asked the army, the conference of bishops, the UN and other institutions to guarantee security during the negotiations.

Negotiations between the leaders of the protesting Indians and the government began on Sunday evening. In accordance with the demand of the Indian side, they were public: broadcast on national radio and television. The leader of KONAYE, Jaime Vargas, in an Indian headdress, demanded the abolition of the decree on the abolition of subsidies. "This is not a demand of the Indian peoples; it is a demand of the country," he said. "We did not come to form negotiation commissions."

At around 10 p.m. an agreement had already been announced, and observers called it "unexpected." CONAIE refused the demands for the resignation of those responsible for the repression of the ministers of internal affairs and defense. The president pledged to repeal the decree on the abolition of subsidies, and the Indian leaders urged their supporters to stop protests, leave the capital and lift the blockade of roads. A joint commission will be formed, which will determine how to reduce costs, increase revenues, reduce budget deficits and public debt. Obviously, the authorities are trying to involve protest leaders in the development of new austerity measures in order to share responsibility for antisocial policies with them. The requirements regarding the resignation of ministers responsible for the repressions and the increase in the tax on the rich were no longer mentioned ...

Jaime Vargas thanked President Moreno, to whom the Indians had recently reacted with hatred. He demanded an improvement in the living conditions of the Indians. "We want peace for our brothers and sisters in this country," he said. "We no longer want reprisals." "With all our hearts, we declare that we, peoples and nationalities, have risen in search of freedom. We are grateful for the courage of the risen men and women." The president, in turn, said that he deeply respects the Indians and called them "comrades."

The protesters, however, perceived the abolition of the decree as a victory. "We did it!" - Jubilant demonstrators armed with spears and shields in the park, which became the epicenter of protests. Car caravans filled the streets of Quito on the morning of October 14, joyfully welcoming the agreement ...

The social protest of the last week in Ecuador proved that the neoliberal offensive can be stopped by the decisive resistance of the working people. It is a pity only if the fruits of this resistance are again sold by politicians and "leaders" from all sorts of hierarchical "left" opposition ...

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