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(en) France, Union Communiste Libertaire AL #298 - Internationalist Municipality of Rojava "A concrete example of radical change, at the heart of global chaos" (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Sat, 12 Oct 2019 10:00:46 +0300

Initiated in 2017, the Internationalist Rojava Commune (CIR) is a self-organized collective based at the Sehid Helin Qerecox Internationalist Academy in Derik, Syrian Kurdistan. ---- She organizes training courses on society, the history of the revolution, political debates and language courses. The international volunteers she welcomes - mostly Western, of different political sensitivities - come to concretely help the revolution. She notably initiated the environmental project Make Rojava Green Again (read AL of June 2018) and the solidarity campaign RiseUp4Rojava. The comrades answered the questions of Alternative Libertaire . ---- Can you explain how the CIR works ? ---- According to a model of democratic confederalism, with a gendered separation and an administration. The basic unit is the commune, 5-6 persons, with a coordination assembly of the communes every week, and a plenary session every 2 months with all the members of the CIR. It discusses developments in EIF, past and future, and the role of internationalism.

And the implantation in Syria ?

In 2017, the idea of having a meeting place and training for internationalists came to fruition. It took, with the administration, find a place, build the buildings ... It took about a year, with a first training in mid-2018. CIR members are regularly in Europe for presentations, but no permanent place or structure is directly connected to the CIR outside Rojava.

How did you see the situation evolve in Syria ?

The revolution of Rojava, initiated by the Kurdish liberation movement, brought a beginning of solution to the conflicts of the zone, and more generally of the Middle East, since the beginning of the interference of the imperialists. The confederalist model implemented could very well be appropriate given the multi-ethnic and multi-faith character of the Middle East. This solution comes at the right time to undo a situation at the heart of global conflicts of interest.

The Syrian civil war is a proxy war, with influences from around the world expressing itself through their support for a particular local force. Across Turkey it is NATO that is supporting theo-fascist developments in the region, to generate chaos that keeps the petro-business, but also to create an enemy on an international scale, and thus maintain its own populations under control. The link between Daesh and Turkey is well established, and the denunciation of support for Turkish armaments by Western states and capitals is a necessity. The al-Assad regime is the puppet of Russian interests and the local bourgeoisie.

Past developments have confirmed this reading of a war of global interferences which, put in the context of previous wars in the Middle East, shows that we are here at the heart of a Third World War. A US-Iran war is being prepared, with the weakening of Iran's borders and the proliferation of NATO bases in the region. And the endless US-Russia conflict. Any attempt to bring peace and self-determination to the peoples of the Middle East is threatened and the Kurdish revolutionary forces are targeted because they hold a solution that would free the region from imperialism.

The development of cooperatives, especially women, is one of the most innovative aspects of the economy, allowing people who did not have access to it to be in control of their work tool and their income. The process goes as far as a municipalization of the economy, with a planned management of resources and production at the level of the local municipality. Women's autonomous structures are certainly the most radical change in the region.

The establishment of women's homes, the development of jineoloji ("women's science"), are important contributions to liberation struggles. The consideration of ecology in a context of war and after the destruction of traditional ecological lifestyles is a feat. Above all, it is the relationship to the other that is changed, social relations experiencing a major revolution where everyone is a heval ("friend and comrade"), with whom one can end up living, working, united in the revolution.

And how do you see the current situation ?

If the revolution has gone beyond the liberation of the Kurdish people, it remains determined by the "Kurdish question", especially with regard to the conflicts imposed on it by the Turkish state that invaded the Canton of Afrin in 2018 and now threatens to invade the rest of Rojava. Turkey has entered more widely Bashur (Iraqi Kurdistan) to face the guerrilla mountains of Qandil, the heart of the revolution. Most recently, the Turkish state has replaced the mayors of Amed (Diyarbakir), Wan and Merdîn, democratically elected, by its pawns, from the AKP-MHP fascist alliance in power.

In Syria, if Daesh is officially defeated, its ideology is still present, cells are constantly being discovered, and attacks continue to occur. The al-Assad regime is losing ground and leaving areas whose legitimacy is in fact the responsibility of the autonomous administration, but it is not an ally, the two systems coexist in permanent tension. Assad, Erdogan and Putin are still struggling to gain control of the Idlib township without reaching an agreement and without consideration for the local people.

The revolution needs to secure its support. In the context of internationalism, this means strengthening and concretizing solidarity. Inform the international community about the actions of their states and the collaboration of their companies in relation to what is happening here. As the revolutionary Sehid Andrea Wolff, a German militant fighter in Kurdistan, who was executed in 1998 by the Turkish army, said: " I wish there were movements in the cities that attack this war, make it impossible. Who just cut the supply.

So we can say that the revolution in Rojava is a hope for the future ?

It carries a libertarian socialist ideal, which detonates with the rise of fascism in the world. It is an example of a society that deals with the issue of men's oppression of women, at a time when sex scandals are being revealed at the highest level of international geopolitics and where ordinary sexism is killing silently.

Faced with ecological destruction, Rojava proposes to solve the problem at its source: to abolish the domination of humans by humans. A long-term, societal approach, which corresponds to the extent of the damage, and which makes sense when we see the lack of will in the face of climate change on the part of the state system. The society of Rojava is full of contradictions, which it assumes, like any revolution, but it is nonetheless a concrete example of radical change, in the heart of world chaos.

Tell us about the Rise Up For Rojava campaign ...

RiseUp4Rojava is an international campaign to support the Rojava revolution that calls for action against Turkey and its international collaborators, states and capitals. Launched by the CIR at the time of the threats of invasion of Rojava in December 2018 it developed and gained in depth by publishing the names of the collaborating companies with the Turkish army. The weapons used here are made in France, Germany. It is the NATO countries that validate or invalidate the actions of the Turkish state, so Western revolutionaries have a role to play in this revolution.

One can also hope that a major uprising in Bakur, Northern Kurdistan (in Turkey) will change the game, but people need to feel supported by the international community. We are continuing the RiseUp4Rojava and Make Rojava Green Again campaigns to organize an international anti-fascist front and ecologist solidarity actions. We will develop our academy and the link with other structures, diversifying and actualizing the actions achievable here by internationalists.

It is a real international coordination of political organizations, which carry out both information actions and punches against the Turkish state and its support: demonstrations in the face of threats of invasion by the Turkish state, poster campaigns. The networks also prepared for major actions on the day of the invasion, which was called Day X. This call is still active. Dozens of actions and demonstrations took place during the first international days of action (6 and 7 September).

And Make Rojava Green Again, where is this campaign ?

A book was written, sharing the ideological reflections of the revolution around ecology and exposing the ecological situation in Rojava. Various ecological projects are carried, one, major, is a nursery for the Hayaka nature reserve. For many of our projects, Turkish threats interrupted our work cycles, damaging project sites. We can see the difficulty of carrying out ecological projects in a context of war.

The campaign is working with the Kurdish Red Crescent to provide support to farmers who lost their crops in June-July following the arson attacks of the Turkish state and its jihadist auxiliaries. How can we support

the CIR beyond these campaigns ?

It is possible to support the Commune by joining us in Rojava, by making a donation or simply by starting to organize politically at your place. Any help, here or from Europe, is welcome, we still need translators, media / press contacts, activists ready to post, and more.

Interviewed by Ed (UCL Hautes-Alpes)

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