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(en) Slovania, masari - Federation of Anarchist Organizations (FAO) - Defense Committees and Revolution July 19, 1936 (Barcelona, Spain) [machine translation]

Date Fri, 27 Jul 2018 07:40:16 +0300

What were the defense committees? ---- Defense Committees (Comités de Defensa) as an intelligence-fighting group existed in some versions as the protection of workers during the pistoler (1919-1923), the period when employers paid criminals to kill prominent trade unionists of the National Labor Conference (CNT). Therefore, there was a need to keep workers' protests and strikes by volunteers from the CNT and the Iberian Anarchist Federation (FAI). The cadres of the 1930s are formalizing, so the CNT's unemployed members on a rotating basis are taken to the defense staff to have monthly income and to get more workers informed of self-defense. These groups were under the wing of the CNT, from where the finances, the people, and the frameworks of activity were received.

Defense Committees also participated in organizing resistance to workers 'oppression, financially supporting workers' families in times of illness and unemployment, and preventing speculation and artificially raising food prices by traders. What they did to organic revolutionaries was their origin, defense committees were deployed by quarters, so members of a single quart would make up the workers who lived there and knew best the social circumstances of their environment.

It was precisely the defense committees that were a supporting structure that opposed the fascist military coup in July 1936 in Barcelona and took a temporary victory over the nationalists. At that moment, groups that take parallel care of the formation of military anarchist columns and the sending of militants to the front, as well as the supply of national cuisines, the formation of hospitals, schools and social centers, become groups. In this way, we discover a mode of work in which defense committees must be able to mobilize secondary groups, which, in turn, are able to mobilize the entire population in the event of a workers' uprising.

Each quartet group was organized in six, the secretary being responsible for communicating with other groups and creating new groups and reports, another militant was tasked with tracking people in the neighborhood who were at risk of CNT, the third for buildings in which the neighborhood has had to be familiar with strategically and tactically important sites such as bridges, underground tunnels, roads, courtyards, auxiliary exits from buildings etc. The fifth was tasked with observing public services such as lighting, water, garage, transport routes and their vulnerability to sabotage, and the sixth that is in charge of potential locations from which resources for revolution (weapons, groceries, banks) can be obtained.

Source: 8. number of newsletters of the Anarchist Network # Society of Opportunities

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