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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #285 - Nicaragua: Power in the Storm Zone (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Wed, 25 Jul 2018 11:56:40 +0300

Since April 18, 2018, the country is shaken by a protest movement born of the brutal repression that the Ortega government unleashed on the opponents of the social security reform it wanted to impose. At first, the challenge was directed against the social security reform. However, in a context of indignation provoked by the mismanagement of the fire that ravaged the Indio Maiz nature reserve, this dispute turned into a composite movement against the authoritarian system of the unconstitutional president Daniel Ortega. Back on those 3 months that woke Nicaragua. ---- On April 16, the government launched a social security reform without debate in the Assembly, signed directly by Ortega and published two days later. On April 18th, young students decide to demonstrate and do not communicate the place of the demonstration until one hour before its beginning. The meeting place was to remain secret for a while, so that the government could not occupy this space beforehand by its sympathizers and officials forced to demonstrate in favor of the Ortega regime. The goal is not to let young people demonstrate on this public space and to dislocate their movements. Indeed, a week before, the locations planned for the demonstrations against the negligence of the government in the management of the fire of the Indio Maiz nature reserve in the south-east of the country, festivity "organized by the government to show the support of the people in Ortega.

During the demonstration on April 18 against the reform of social security, students are very violently attacked by the Sandinista Youth, civilians organized and paid by the government. Present at this time, the National Police does not intervene and, in complicity, let the " Youth Sandinist " suppress the protesters with aluminum tubes and other knives in complete impunity, or even under their protection.

The next day, several universities rebel and protest. The police strongly repressed these demonstrations and deplore the first extrajudicial executions provoked by real shots aimed at the protesters' heads, breasts and stomachs. Several media that transmitted the clashes are censored. From then on, the protests broaden in favor of freedom of expression, the right to demonstrate peacefully and demand justice for the murdered youth.

Since the suspension of the reform, the repression continues in the popular districts of several cities, on the highways occupied by the peasants and even in the houses of the opponents. As of 4 July the toll is heavy, 309 people have been murdered, thousands injured and hundreds of people detained and tortured in prison ; and the numbers continue to increase.

This protest movement that awakened Nicaragua began with the mobilization of students from several universities spontaneously. In other words, these young people were not members of a political party or organized movement. It is after the repression of April 18 and the death of the demonstrators that the Nicaraguan society has solidarisée with the students: spontaneously people provide food, medicines and create makeshift hospitals for the wounded who are not admitted in state hospitals. Notably because of the order that some public hospitals have to not receive young people shot and wounded. On 22 April, as Ortega decided to revoke the reform and organize a national dialogue, the movement began to organize. The student youth is getting organized and is starting to receive support from other sectors such as employers (Higher Council of Private Enterprise, former ally of Ortega), peasants, especially the movement against the Nicaraguan canal, and the organizations in favor of human rights. Today, this movement is represented by the Civic Alliance for Justice and Democracy whose objectives are to democratize the country, restore the independence of state institutions and obtain justice for the victims of extrajudicial executions, the wounded , detainees, threatened and victims of enforced disappearances. All this being possible only if Ortega decides to leave the power. No political party is part of either the Civic Alliance or the movement in general. Some politicians,

In the demonstrations it is possible to see Catholics, evangelists, atheists, feminists, ecologists, people of right, left, including Sandinistas who also claim the liberation of the FSLN from the domination of the clan Ortega. The movement is therefore marked by diversity and seeks a concrete goal: to get Ortega and his family out of power to organize new political parties for early elections.

Pavel Bautista July 9, 2018

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